University-industry collaboration in R&D

scale 1-7, 2007–2016

Info Edit
    2007 Ranking
    1. United States 5.64
    2. Switzerland 5.58
    3. Sweden 5.55
    4. Finland 5.48
    5. South Korea 5.37
    6. Germany 5.31
    7. Singapore 5.28
    8. Israel 5.16
    9. Belgium 5.10
    10. Denmark 5.02
    11. United Kingdom 5.01
    12. Netherlands 4.96
    13. Japan 4.88
    14. Canada 4.87
    15. Malaysia 4.86
    16. Ireland 4.82
    17. Norway 4.82
    18. Austria 4.77
    19. Iceland 4.65
    20. Hong Kong 4.62
    21. Australia 4.38
    22. New Zealand 4.36
    23. South Africa 4.20
    24. China 4.13
    25. Puerto Rico 4.10
    26. Czech Republic 4.08
    27. Thailand 4.07
    28. Oman 3.94
    29. France 3.87
    30. Tunisia 3.87
    31. Estonia 3.87
    32. Slovenia 3.79
    33. Hungary 3.75
    34. Costa Rica 3.67
    35. Slovakia 3.67
    36. Croatia 3.64
    37. Sri Lanka 3.61
    38. Portugal 3.59
    39. Luxembourg 3.59
    40. Qatar 3.54
    41. Chile 3.51
    42. India 3.51
    43. Spain 3.42
    44. Brazil 3.41
    45. Kenya 3.40
    46. Jamaica 3.36
    47. Turkey 3.32
    48. Saudi Arabia 3.28
    49. Lithuania 3.27
    50. Colombia 3.25
    51. Uganda 3.21
    52. Tanzania 3.21
    53. United Arab Emirates 3.21
    54. Serbia 3.21
    55. Guatemala 3.20
    56. Poland 3.19
    57. Mexico 3.19
    58. Azerbaijan 3.18
    59. Russia 3.17
    60. Pakistan 3.17
    61. Latvia 3.15
    62. Indonesia 3.13
    63. Ukraine 3.13
    64. Nigeria 3.09
    65. Philippines 3.08
    66. Barbados 3.08
    67. Jordan 3.05
    68. Morocco 3.03
    69. Kazakhstan 3.01
    70. Italy 3.01
    71. Kuwait 2.99
    72. Trinidad and Tobago 2.96
    73. Cyprus 2.95
    74. Venezuela 2.90
    75. Mauritius 2.90
    76. Vietnam 2.90
    77. Malta 2.89
    78. Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 2.88
    79. Argentina 2.88
    80. Greece 2.88
    81. Panama 2.85
    82. Zimbabwe 2.83
    83. Egypt 2.82
    84. Montenegro 2.82
    85. Senegal 2.82
    86. Botswana 2.81
    87. Mongolia 2.79
    88. Romania 2.75
    89. Namibia 2.71
    90. Uruguay 2.70
    91. Honduras 2.69
    92. Cambodia 2.69
    93. Bulgaria 2.68
    94. Madagascar 2.68
    95. Mozambique 2.61
    96. Dominican Republic 2.60
    97. Ecuador 2.60
    98. Peru 2.59
    99. Burkina Faso 2.56
    100. Tajikistan 2.52
    101. Armenia 2.49
    102. Syria 2.47
    103. Zambia 2.46
    104. Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.45
    105. Benin 2.44
    106. Gambia 2.39
    107. Ethiopia 2.39
    108. Mali 2.37
    109. Kyrgyzstan 2.36
    110. Algeria 2.34
    111. Nicaragua 2.33
    112. El Salvador 2.33
    113. Guyana 2.29
    114. Georgia 2.27
    115. Cameroon 2.22
    116. Bahrain 2.19
    117. Nepal 2.18
    118. Bolivia 2.10
    119. Bangladesh 2.10
    120. Libya 2.09
    121. Timor Leste 2.04
    122. Burundi 2.03
    123. Lesotho 2.00
    124. Mauritania 1.91
    125. Paraguay 1.88
    126. Chad 1.87
    127. Albania 1.69
    2016 Ranking
    1. Switzerland 5.80
    2. Finland 5.72
    3. Israel 5.60
    4. United States 5.57
    5. Netherlands 5.50
    6. United Kingdom 5.47
    7. Singapore 5.47
    8. Germany 5.35
    9. Belgium 5.26
    10. Qatar 5.23
    11. Malaysia 5.20
    12. Sweden 5.16
    13. Ireland 5.11
    14. Denmark 4.84
    15. Austria 4.82
    16. Iceland 4.78
    17. Japan 4.75
    18. New Zealand 4.75
    19. Norway 4.74
    20. Luxembourg 4.65
    21. Hong Kong 4.59
    22. Canada 4.58
    23. India 4.54
    24. United Arab Emirates 4.51
    25. Kenya 4.46
    26. South Africa 4.44
    27. Indonesia 4.42
    28. South Korea 4.36
    29. China 4.32
    30. Tajikistan 4.31
    31. France 4.29
    32. Australia 4.27
    33. Lithuania 4.12
    34. Estonia 4.08
    35. Portugal 4.03
    36. Malta 4.00
    37. Jordan 3.84
    38. Ethiopia 3.83
    39. Uganda 3.79
    40. Thailand 3.77
    41. Slovenia 3.76
    42. Liberia 3.75
    43. Bahrain 3.73
    44. Italy 3.68
    45. Russia 3.68
    46. Czech Republic 3.66
    47. Colombia 3.66
    48. Senegal 3.64
    49. Lebanon 3.64
    50. Sri Lanka 3.63
    51. Mexico 3.63
    52. Oman 3.61
    53. Azerbaijan 3.56
    54. Tanzania 3.54
    55. Saudi Arabia 3.51
    56. Ukraine 3.51
    57. Spain 3.51
    58. Guatemala 3.51
    59. Zambia 3.49
    60. Philippines 3.48
    61. Laos 3.47
    62. Turkey 3.47
    63. Chile 3.47
    64. Costa Rica 3.46
    65. Kazakhstan 3.45
    66. Jamaica 3.45
    67. Pakistan 3.44
    68. Uruguay 3.44
    69. Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 3.44
    70. Argentina 3.43
    71. Botswana 3.42
    72. Madagascar 3.40
    73. Bulgaria 3.38
    74. Panama 3.38
    75. Cyprus 3.35
    76. Latvia 3.35
    77. Rwanda 3.34
    78. Vietnam 3.33
    79. Romania 3.33
    80. Mauritania 3.32
    81. Slovakia 3.31
    82. Barbados 3.31
    83. Brunei 3.30
    84. Poland 3.29
    85. Ivory Coast 3.29
    86. Mozambique 3.27
    87. Ghana 3.27
    88. Namibia 3.26
    89. Brazil 3.25
    90. Cameroon 3.23
    91. Armenia 3.21
    92. Mauritius 3.19
    93. Montenegro 3.18
    94. Cape Verde 3.17
    95. Serbia 3.15
    96. Mali 3.15
    97. Benin 3.14
    98. Honduras 3.12
    99. Morocco 3.12
    100. Ecuador 3.11
    101. Cambodia 3.08
    102. Venezuela 3.05
    103. Albania 3.03
    104. Iran 3.02
    105. Bhutan 3.01
    106. Tunisia 2.97
    107. Nicaragua 2.95
    108. Hungary 2.92
    109. Dominican Republic 2.91
    110. Peru 2.91
    111. Trinidad and Tobago 2.90
    112. Congo (Kinshasa) 2.90
    113. Croatia 2.87
    114. Burundi 2.81
    115. Lesotho 2.80
    116. Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.78
    117. El Salvador 2.78
    118. Georgia 2.72
    119. Algeria 2.71
    120. Kyrgyzstan 2.71
    121. Malawi 2.71
    122. Nigeria 2.67
    123. Greece 2.65
    124. Kuwait 2.64
    125. Sierra Leone 2.63
    126. Gambia 2.62
    127. Chad 2.60
    128. Mongolia 2.60
    129. Gabon 2.59
    130. Nepal 2.55
    131. Bangladesh 2.54
    132. Moldova 2.52
    133. Zimbabwe 2.50
    134. Paraguay 2.47
    135. Bolivia 2.43
    136. Egypt 2.43
    137. Yemen 1.89

    This index represents the average score from 1-7 given by a large sample group in a particular country in response to the following question: “To what extent do business and universities collaborate on research and development (R&D)?” (1 = do not collaborate at all, 7 = collaborate extensively).

    Source: World Economic Forum