Country199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Afghanistan-1.79-1.77-1.74-1.76-1.78-1.73-1.67-1.55-1.70-1.66-1.86-1.83-1.86-1.85-1.85-1.90-1.64-1.60-1.45-1.50-1.62
Albania-0.68-0.80-0.92-0.97-1.01-0.89-0.76-0.72-0.69-0.74-0.68-0.65-0.59-0.50-0.41-0.46-0.52-0.52-0.34-0.33-0.35
Algeria-1.22-1.19-1.16-1.19-1.21-0.92-0.63-0.59-0.62-0.75-0.71-0.77-0.74-0.79-0.78-0.81-0.77-0.69-0.77-0.87-0.85
American Samoa0.851.121.081.111.131.131.121.101.101.111.411.351.33
Andorra1.161.191.211.261.311.281.251.091.210.980.871.181.201.221.201.411.411.411.641.581.56
Angola-1.63-1.67-1.70-1.68-1.66-1.64-1.62-1.52-1.50-1.43-1.30-1.37-1.37-1.23-1.27-1.27-1.27-1.27-1.12-1.08-1.08
Anguilla1.161.641.601.641.671.401.381.361.361.370.02-0.04-0.09
Antigua and Barbuda1.051.071.091.081.061.061.061.070.920.670.930.910.950.980.960.950.950.84-0.180.590.51
Argentina0.080.04-0.01-0.08-0.15-0.46-0.76-0.77-0.81-0.55-0.57-0.59-0.68-0.68-0.59-0.56-0.68-0.71-0.89-0.77-0.35
Armenia-0.47-0.42-0.36-0.42-0.48-0.45-0.42-0.30-0.42-0.40-0.55-0.50-0.34-0.48-0.49-0.44-0.42-0.34-0.37-0.39-0.11
Aruba0.930.860.820.840.861.431.421.331.321.301.041.261.29
Australia1.711.761.801.781.751.781.801.881.821.721.771.761.771.741.761.741.771.781.921.831.75
Austria1.811.831.851.851.841.871.891.891.841.861.911.961.921.781.801.801.861.851.951.861.78
Azerbaijan-1.20-1.17-1.14-1.15-1.15-1.03-0.91-0.84-0.87-0.79-0.89-0.88-0.83-0.88-0.89-0.89-0.83-0.72-0.67-0.67-0.57
Bahamas1.151.231.301.311.321.381.431.451.401.381.091.271.200.800.720.620.620.640.670.600.23
Bahrain-0.010.190.380.340.300.440.570.620.710.610.380.530.530.520.440.350.260.330.410.430.46
Bangladesh-0.93-0.91-0.89-0.90-0.91-0.91-0.90-1.05-1.02-0.98-0.90-0.83-0.75-0.79-0.80-0.73-0.93-0.87-0.78-0.75-0.59
Barbados1.051.161.271.351.421.471.521.561.441.351.241.331.311.011.081.081.031.051.081.100.78
Belarus-0.80-0.87-0.93-1.03-1.13-1.24-1.34-1.19-1.26-1.23-1.33-1.21-1.06-1.03-1.07-1.11-0.94-0.90-0.84-0.81-0.78
Belgium1.371.311.251.301.341.361.371.371.331.271.241.331.351.381.391.421.431.441.521.461.40
Belize0.080.02-0.040.050.130.02-0.090.10-0.19-0.16-0.04-0.11-0.21-0.37-0.34-0.49-0.46-0.47-0.75-0.72-0.86
Benin0.050.050.04-0.06-0.16-0.20-0.23-0.38-0.51-0.54-0.53-0.52-0.53-0.65-0.67-0.66-0.59-0.57-0.49-0.54-0.65
Bermuda1.211.231.251.261.261.251.241.261.110.860.820.840.860.861.121.101.101.110.020.880.86
Bhutan-0.030.070.160.150.130.100.060.210.340.310.190.340.380.210.160.200.240.290.380.520.47
Bolivia-0.26-0.24-0.22-0.31-0.39-0.40-0.40-0.45-0.68-0.76-0.85-0.83-0.97-1.11-1.02-0.98-1.02-1.05-1.06-1.14-1.20
Bosnia and Herzegovina-0.24-0.44-0.64-0.63-0.61-0.64-0.66-0.63-0.50-0.52-0.50-0.47-0.41-0.36-0.35-0.33-0.21-0.15-0.19-0.28-0.29
Botswana0.580.630.680.640.590.580.570.730.650.640.620.650.700.670.670.670.660.600.630.600.52
Brazil-0.22-0.21-0.19-0.20-0.21-0.22-0.23-0.32-0.36-0.43-0.37-0.37-0.32-0.160.040.04-0.07-0.08-0.05-0.15-0.08
Brunei0.820.690.560.550.540.520.500.590.380.240.120.410.470.790.780.850.790.590.470.410.62
Bulgaria-0.34-0.28-0.21-0.17-0.12-0.08-0.03-0.14-0.11-0.10-0.09-0.05-0.11-0.04-0.07-0.11-0.09-0.10-0.05-0.10-0.04
Burkina Faso-0.93-0.84-0.75-0.69-0.62-0.64-0.65-0.54-0.57-0.52-0.43-0.40-0.34-0.21-0.19-0.36-0.44-0.53-0.55-0.53-0.45
Burundi-1.42-1.33-1.23-1.29-1.35-1.30-1.25-1.40-1.54-1.15-0.97-1.06-1.02-1.15-1.20-1.14-1.08-1.07-0.97-1.17-1.39
Ivory Coast-0.79-0.84-0.88-1.03-1.18-1.24-1.30-1.37-1.37-1.48-1.45-1.46-1.42-1.23-1.22-1.27-1.08-0.91-0.59-0.63-0.67
Cambodia-1.19-1.18-1.16-1.11-1.06-1.10-1.14-1.25-1.28-1.23-1.23-1.14-1.15-1.12-1.12-1.05-0.98-1.00-0.96-0.98-1.10
Cameroon-1.44-1.26-1.07-1.14-1.20-1.22-1.23-1.08-1.19-1.21-1.15-1.18-1.10-1.12-1.07-1.07-1.04-1.05-0.90-0.98-1.02
Canada1.651.711.761.731.691.691.691.731.711.661.811.811.811.801.811.741.761.761.891.841.84
Cape Verde1.040.940.830.810.780.560.340.290.360.400.650.630.580.540.470.510.520.540.630.590.35
Cayman Islands1.461.481.501.511.521.511.501.261.160.861.081.111.130.900.900.880.900.900.590.820.78
Central African Republic-1.15-1.17-1.18-1.23-1.28-1.17-1.05-1.44-1.58-1.45-1.54-1.57-1.41-1.31-1.29-1.29-1.44-1.79-1.70-1.68-1.84
Chad-1.26-1.23-1.19-1.14-1.09-1.07-1.05-1.34-1.41-1.51-1.55-1.54-1.62-1.51-1.50-1.47-1.47-1.38-1.14-1.18-1.43
Chile1.111.151.181.251.321.341.361.291.321.301.271.291.311.301.341.371.391.371.431.341.13
China-0.55-0.51-0.46-0.50-0.53-0.52-0.50-0.53-0.53-0.59-0.64-0.54-0.42-0.41-0.41-0.46-0.54-0.52-0.41-0.41-0.22
Colombia-0.75-0.70-0.64-0.77-0.89-0.81-0.72-0.70-0.69-0.62-0.51-0.44-0.40-0.39-0.31-0.26-0.35-0.41-0.29-0.27-0.32
Comoros-0.88-0.99-1.09-1.19-1.29-1.12-0.95-0.87-1.02-1.00-0.95-1.01-1.03-1.13-1.05-1.00-1.02-0.94-0.89-0.82-1.13
Congo (Kinshasa)-1.88-2.01-2.13-2.02-1.91-1.79-1.66-1.68-1.72-1.55-1.62-1.61-1.56-1.63-1.62-1.62-1.66-1.57-1.45-1.57-1.61
Congo (Brazzaville)-1.04-1.35-1.65-1.54-1.42-1.34-1.25-1.17-1.19-1.47-1.27-1.24-1.20-1.22-1.22-1.20-1.14-1.11-1.11-1.08-1.04
Cook Islands0.650.650.650.680.641.130.950.51-0.14-0.78-0.91-0.88-0.94-0.93
Costa Rica0.620.690.750.690.630.670.710.700.560.560.470.380.460.560.520.450.520.550.560.500.46
Croatia-0.63-0.50-0.36-0.170.03-0.06-0.15-0.020.090.130.010.090.090.160.200.220.250.290.320.200.44
Cuba-1.14-1.09-1.04-1.04-1.04-1.11-1.17-1.22-1.11-1.08-0.76-0.68-0.82-0.71-0.72-0.69-0.71-0.70-0.66-0.70-0.41
Cyprus0.860.920.981.011.041.031.020.970.920.891.111.121.221.211.221.071.101.041.081.040.73
Czech Republic0.920.920.920.780.640.750.860.870.780.870.870.910.910.960.951.041.041.041.151.151.09
Denmark1.821.851.881.861.841.881.921.961.951.952.002.011.971.921.901.921.871.902.102.041.90
Djibouti-0.97-0.91-0.85-0.87-0.89-0.91-0.92-0.87-0.85-0.96-0.88-0.76-0.64-0.68-0.73-0.81-0.79-0.77-0.87-0.92-0.97
Dominica0.840.760.680.660.630.700.760.740.620.620.700.650.640.710.710.650.640.650.490.670.61
Dominican Republic-0.52-0.50-0.47-0.54-0.61-0.64-0.67-0.61-0.67-0.67-0.58-0.61-0.66-0.77-0.81-0.77-0.69-0.53-0.41-0.51-0.29
Ecuador-0.45-0.50-0.55-0.60-0.64-0.68-0.72-0.74-0.75-0.79-1.03-1.04-1.17-1.25-1.20-1.21-1.13-0.97-1.06-1.03-0.69
Egypt-0.04-0.03-0.010.000.010.020.02-0.02-0.26-0.23-0.13-0.11-0.18-0.45-0.47-0.63-0.66-0.59-0.41
El Salvador-0.87-0.77-0.66-0.70-0.74-0.63-0.51-0.46-0.38-0.45-0.62-0.65-0.67-0.75-0.81-0.72-0.70-0.62-0.48-0.59-0.71
Equatorial Guinea-1.28-1.42-1.55-1.49-1.42-1.44-1.46-1.41-1.48-1.46-1.37-1.30-1.27-1.27-1.30-1.27-1.30-1.35-1.45-1.46-1.44
Eritrea-0.66-0.54-0.42-0.49-0.56-0.56-0.56-0.66-0.86-1.04-1.19-1.28-1.30-1.31-1.35-1.35-1.39-1.41-1.53-1.49-1.53
Estonia0.570.620.660.660.650.740.820.810.950.971.141.171.201.131.161.181.161.201.371.331.24
Ethiopia-0.97-0.89-0.80-0.87-0.93-0.94-0.94-0.83-0.86-0.94-0.66-0.65-0.70-0.83-0.80-0.74-0.68-0.65-0.47-0.51-0.39
Fiji0.320.270.22-0.10-0.42-0.38-0.33-0.050.03-0.05-0.06-0.60-0.56-0.77-0.85-0.82-0.79-0.82-0.51-0.40-0.29
Finland1.911.962.001.991.981.961.942.001.961.961.971.911.921.971.971.951.951.942.102.062.02
France1.481.441.401.431.461.351.241.371.441.421.471.471.511.451.521.451.451.431.471.411.41
French Guiana0.960.980.990.990.990.980.971.000.550.860.820.570.581.161.181.201.161.131.071.301.33
Gabon-0.65-0.50-0.35-0.28-0.21-0.22-0.22-0.37-0.52-0.45-0.74-0.70-0.63-0.55-0.52-0.46-0.47-0.54-0.51-0.55-0.58
Gambia0.02-0.02-0.06-0.13-0.20-0.27-0.340.10-0.40-0.38-0.36-0.31-0.41-0.51-0.56-0.54-0.58-0.64-0.69-0.72-0.75
Georgia-1.26-1.25-1.24-1.09-0.93-1.00-1.06-0.90-0.66-0.71-0.46-0.35-0.27-0.20-0.21-0.12-0.01-0.010.190.270.37
Germany1.611.641.661.651.641.661.671.671.641.661.781.771.751.661.631.621.661.651.861.801.61
Ghana-0.23-0.26-0.28-0.070.150.100.040.07-0.12-0.120.050.04-0.07-0.04-0.03-0.010.010.150.050.14
Greece1.050.930.810.850.880.820.750.820.910.790.870.870.860.650.630.570.430.470.360.270.20
Greenland1.721.741.741.721.701.741.701.74
Grenada0.430.470.510.470.430.420.410.380.320.320.230.150.080.130.110.140.130.13-0.170.140.57
Guam1.011.121.081.111.131.131.121.101.101.111.411.351.09
Guatemala-1.13-1.10-1.07-0.98-0.88-0.93-0.97-1.07-1.01-1.05-1.09-1.12-1.11-1.02-0.96-1.04-1.08-1.08-0.96-0.95-1.04
Guinea-1.45-1.33-1.20-1.30-1.39-1.21-1.03-1.09-1.26-1.37-1.40-1.44-1.53-1.54-1.48-1.45-1.41-1.38-1.36-1.16-1.29
Guinea Bissau-1.67-1.74-1.80-1.56-1.32-1.25-1.17-1.14-1.17-1.25-1.25-1.31-1.39-1.34-1.33-1.31-1.52-1.59-1.33-1.28-1.49
Guyana-0.20-0.25-0.29-0.38-0.47-0.48-0.49-0.54-0.62-0.67-0.56-0.46-0.58-0.56-0.47-0.51-0.52-0.53-0.62-0.53-0.31
Haiti-1.39-1.35-1.31-1.39-1.46-1.62-1.77-1.79-1.72-1.64-1.41-1.34-1.28-1.32-1.37-1.41-1.33-1.29-1.19-1.18-1.00
Honduras-0.93-0.93-0.92-0.96-0.99-0.92-0.84-0.88-0.76-0.78-0.99-0.93-0.96-0.90-0.88-0.90-1.14-1.16-0.94-0.93-1.11
Hong Kong0.750.891.020.920.821.061.291.571.591.611.551.531.491.501.541.551.581.571.861.831.70
Hungary0.910.890.870.890.910.950.980.930.910.861.000.960.930.800.780.760.620.580.500.400.51
Iceland1.601.651.701.771.831.861.891.961.931.951.901.851.871.711.711.701.691.661.711.671.51
India0.310.330.350.340.330.260.200.130.040.130.180.090.090.01-0.04-0.09-0.07-0.06-0.06-0.05-0.07
Indonesia-0.49-0.64-0.78-0.75-0.72-0.82-0.91-0.85-0.77-0.82-0.72-0.68-0.65-0.60-0.64-0.59-0.58-0.53-0.34-0.42-0.36
Iran-0.94-0.81-0.67-0.59-0.51-0.65-0.78-0.64-0.66-0.83-0.95-0.97-0.91-0.97-1.02-0.97-0.92-1.00-1.06-0.92-0.71
Iraq-1.56-1.56-1.55-1.47-1.39-1.45-1.51-1.64-1.83-1.71-1.68-1.84-1.77-1.70-1.56-1.45-1.46-1.45-1.33-1.42-1.70
Ireland1.501.571.631.601.571.601.631.521.531.601.721.751.721.751.771.761.731.731.781.771.54
Israel1.281.161.031.031.021.061.100.940.860.820.900.830.850.840.921.010.930.981.111.161.02
Italy1.060.950.830.850.860.810.760.720.600.520.390.480.460.400.430.470.400.400.380.280.27
Jamaica-0.34-0.25-0.16-0.28-0.40-0.34-0.27-0.44-0.37-0.42-0.40-0.36-0.33-0.43-0.45-0.40-0.38-0.35-0.28-0.23-0.25
Japan1.351.371.391.361.321.251.181.201.271.231.361.341.321.291.331.311.361.441.601.521.38
Jordan0.280.320.350.360.370.240.110.360.320.330.330.390.410.250.190.240.370.390.460.440.31
Kazakhstan-1.19-1.13-1.07-1.09-1.11-1.13-1.14-1.03-1.01-0.87-1.02-0.95-0.82-0.65-0.62-0.57-0.68-0.69-0.60-0.44-0.42
Kenya-1.02-1.04-1.05-0.96-0.87-0.87-0.87-0.83-0.84-0.88-0.88-0.97-0.99-1.01-0.94-0.90-0.82-0.71-0.42-0.49-0.53
Kiribati0.810.500.180.390.590.580.560.310.370.720.850.760.350.130.060.100.140.18-0.12-0.160.21
North Korea-1.15-1.15-1.15-1.11-1.06-1.19-1.31-1.16-1.28-1.14-1.39-1.26-1.23-1.34-1.38-1.38-1.35-1.38-1.62-1.65-1.63
South Korea0.800.810.810.850.880.920.950.830.920.990.871.030.880.991.001.030.980.950.990.931.14
Kosovo-0.01-0.03-0.05-0.82-0.79-0.82-0.85-0.75-0.59-0.60-0.61-0.52-0.53-0.55-0.47-0.46-0.38
Kuwait0.600.620.640.610.570.590.610.570.520.540.540.600.590.590.590.550.370.370.020.030.03
Kyrgyzstan-0.73-0.72-0.70-0.79-0.87-0.84-0.81-0.74-0.81-1.11-1.31-1.32-1.37-1.33-1.27-1.19-1.13-1.11-0.93-0.99-1.10
Laos-1.05-0.99-0.92-0.96-0.99-1.07-1.15-1.27-1.12-1.18-1.02-0.96-0.87-1.05-0.98-1.00-0.85-0.80-0.75-0.80-0.77
Latvia0.130.210.290.250.200.270.340.600.590.620.670.760.810.810.790.750.790.770.870.790.95
Lebanon-0.28-0.30-0.31-0.24-0.17-0.24-0.31-0.39-0.26-0.33-0.64-0.70-0.67-0.68-0.71-0.69-0.75-0.78-0.77-0.83-0.86
Lesotho0.100.150.200.170.140.120.090.09-0.11-0.12-0.22-0.29-0.23-0.21-0.28-0.25-0.24-0.20-0.21-0.17-0.18
Liberia-1.93-1.93-1.93-1.97-2.01-1.91-1.81-1.65-1.56-1.33-0.89-0.89-1.09-1.01-0.96-0.93-0.89-0.88-0.81-0.86-0.97
Libya-1.18-1.15-1.11-1.05-0.99-1.07-1.14-0.90-0.91-0.98-1.08-0.95-0.82-0.93-0.99-1.20-1.14-1.34-1.51-1.63-1.87
Liechtenstein1.471.491.511.521.531.531.521.301.100.981.071.411.431.621.621.621.601.591.741.691.68
Lithuania0.450.520.590.440.290.370.450.540.610.630.720.730.720.730.780.770.850.840.941.011.02
Luxembourg1.711.761.811.831.851.881.901.871.871.831.701.771.801.831.851.831.801.821.911.871.71
Macau0.210.220.220.220.210.460.711.261.390.730.440.320.460.710.720.690.650.640.950.920.83
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)-0.31-0.33-0.35-0.46-0.57-0.56-0.55-0.49-0.24-0.32-0.53-0.43-0.35-0.26-0.26-0.24-0.22-0.20-0.05-0.19-0.31
Madagascar-0.40-0.46-0.52-0.38-0.24-0.27-0.30-0.23-0.25-0.35-0.45-0.38-0.45-0.73-0.87-0.89-0.91-0.91-0.74-0.69-0.74
Malawi-0.38-0.38-0.37-0.43-0.48-0.45-0.42-0.21-0.12-0.11-0.22-0.16-0.11-0.11-0.13-0.16-0.22-0.16-0.29-0.31-0.37
Malaysia0.520.410.300.290.270.360.450.520.520.500.470.440.340.460.480.480.470.440.590.500.54
Maldives0.02-0.12-0.26-0.100.07-0.04-0.14-0.02-0.080.04-0.07-0.16-0.18-0.19-0.34-0.55-0.54-0.75-0.53-0.58-0.41
Mali-0.30-0.33-0.35-0.35-0.35-0.29-0.23-0.21-0.19-0.16-0.29-0.18-0.32-0.37-0.45-0.50-0.67-0.75-0.64-0.73-0.78
Malta1.051.181.301.351.391.451.511.581.331.431.571.631.621.481.421.291.341.331.191.141.08
Marshall Islands-0.20-0.22-0.23-0.13-0.020.090.190.07-0.21-0.070.03-0.020.20-0.29-0.260.120.030.13-0.22-0.21-0.10
Martinique1.211.231.251.261.261.251.241.000.980.860.820.840.860.860.850.840.840.850.02-0.040.86
Mauritania-0.50-0.49-0.48-0.45-0.42-0.47-0.52-0.52-0.73-0.71-0.78-0.70-1.14-0.80-0.89-0.92-0.92-1.00-0.86-0.87-0.78
Mauritius0.900.981.051.020.981.021.051.081.001.030.880.911.000.940.860.900.970.950.910.850.80
Mexico-0.73-0.62-0.51-0.45-0.38-0.35-0.31-0.33-0.37-0.35-0.43-0.49-0.67-0.56-0.55-0.55-0.53-0.54-0.42-0.45-0.50
Micronesia0.810.620.420.240.050.040.02-0.090.440.660.680.620.340.04-0.10-0.06-0.020.07-0.28-0.30-0.06
Moldova-0.12-0.08-0.03-0.26-0.48-0.54-0.60-0.52-0.33-0.36-0.52-0.51-0.43-0.44-0.36-0.33-0.32-0.37-0.25-0.35-0.54
Monaco0.810.860.910.890.860.860.860.860.840.790.990.890.910.950.890.950.930.94
Mongolia0.200.200.200.10-0.010.090.180.210.03-0.22-0.32-0.35-0.35-0.26-0.36-0.27-0.38-0.37-0.34-0.38-0.22
Montenegro-0.78-0.220.340.320.29-0.16-0.21-0.13-0.27-0.15-0.080.070.010.020.020.050.080.05-0.04
Morocco0.220.230.230.180.130.06-0.02-0.08-0.03-0.16-0.29-0.30-0.30-0.21-0.17-0.23-0.21-0.25-0.07-0.09-0.14
Mozambique-0.81-0.81-0.80-0.77-0.73-0.69-0.64-0.67-0.67-0.62-0.61-0.60-0.61-0.59-0.47-0.57-0.59-0.82-0.81-0.85-1.02
Burma (Myanmar)-1.58-1.56-1.53-1.48-1.42-1.57-1.71-1.70-1.74-1.73-1.53-1.55-1.54-1.53-1.55-1.44-1.35-1.23-1.19-1.24-0.99
Namibia0.250.280.310.270.220.280.330.320.13-0.070.120.100.350.190.150.130.250.270.150.190.39
Nauru0.810.860.910.890.860.860.860.860.840.790.990.510.370.480.460.560.730.62-1.01-1.09-0.80
Nepal-0.01-0.01-0.01-0.13-0.25-0.36-0.47-0.56-0.74-0.82-0.62-0.59-0.67-0.86-0.95-0.89-0.74-0.72-0.65-0.68-0.84
Netherlands1.701.751.791.781.771.761.741.751.761.761.781.791.761.811.821.821.861.841.981.941.89
Caribbean Netherlands0.930.860.820.840.730.850.850.840.840.85
New Zealand1.861.881.901.871.831.831.821.891.871.861.811.841.861.931.871.901.891.882.012.001.93
Nicaragua-0.52-0.59-0.65-0.77-0.89-0.79-0.68-0.54-0.77-0.61-0.75-0.79-0.80-0.79-0.83-0.72-0.73-0.67-0.71-0.74-0.60
Niger-0.66-0.61-0.56-0.64-0.72-0.68-0.64-0.52-0.64-0.71-0.59-0.60-0.67-0.48-0.48-0.39-0.65-0.66-0.65-0.58-0.64
Nigeria-1.29-1.28-1.26-1.18-1.10-1.26-1.41-1.43-1.41-1.35-1.07-1.07-1.04-1.15-1.16-1.18-1.15-1.11-1.05-0.96-1.05
Niue-0.78-0.74-0.74-0.78-0.79
Norway1.921.962.001.931.861.871.881.921.981.921.981.951.971.881.901.871.961.982.032.012.02
Oman0.550.500.450.510.560.520.470.490.520.310.290.410.590.560.540.470.520.490.490.380.43
Pakistan-0.63-0.70-0.76-0.85-0.93-0.86-0.78-0.77-0.88-0.89-0.86-0.89-0.97-0.83-0.74-0.90-0.88-0.86-0.76-0.77-0.83
Palau0.810.860.910.890.860.860.860.860.840.790.990.890.780.810.750.890.900.900.280.240.32
Panama-0.17-0.11-0.05-0.10-0.15-0.11-0.06-0.11-0.10-0.09-0.13-0.15-0.17-0.09-0.070.02-0.19-0.22-0.06-0.110.03
Papua New Guinea-0.62-0.60-0.57-0.71-0.84-0.89-0.94-1.14-0.90-1.00-0.83-0.86-0.92-0.89-0.91-0.81-0.84-0.95-0.80-0.87-0.75
Paraguay-0.66-0.77-0.87-0.94-1.01-1.06-1.10-1.03-1.00-0.98-0.98-0.97-0.93-0.88-0.86-0.84-0.85-0.81-0.67-0.69-0.67
Peru-0.70-0.71-0.71-0.70-0.69-0.58-0.47-0.52-0.49-0.68-0.69-0.73-0.70-0.61-0.56-0.58-0.57-0.57-0.52-0.49-0.49
Philippines0.070.080.09-0.15-0.38-0.38-0.37-0.49-0.57-0.35-0.41-0.46-0.55-0.57-0.55-0.51-0.52-0.40-0.32-0.34-0.40
Poland0.770.820.860.790.710.710.710.560.420.480.400.430.550.630.680.770.780.820.840.800.68
Portugal1.291.291.281.261.231.291.341.311.251.230.991.021.021.061.061.021.071.061.141.151.13
Puerto Rico0.960.980.990.990.990.980.970.730.800.590.530.590.540.770.770.730.800.670.770.750.68
Qatar-0.040.080.190.350.510.530.550.450.350.590.630.530.680.910.850.760.960.960.860.770.86
Reunion1.081.121.081.110.860.860.850.840.840.851.181.111.09
Romania-0.02-0.07-0.11-0.16-0.20-0.23-0.26-0.21-0.17-0.14-0.12-0.09-0.010.050.050.060.040.130.170.160.30
Russia-0.79-0.84-0.88-0.99-1.10-0.97-0.84-0.91-0.89-0.93-0.95-0.97-0.96-0.78-0.76-0.73-0.82-0.78-0.74-0.76-0.80
Rwanda-1.50-1.43-1.35-1.29-1.22-1.04-0.86-0.80-0.82-0.92-0.68-0.58-0.48-0.50-0.33-0.31-0.27-0.150.060.050.07
Samoa0.950.810.670.730.780.911.031.030.851.060.940.890.790.640.670.690.680.680.720.700.76
San Marino0.810.860.910.890.860.860.860.860.840.790.990.890.910.950.890.950.930.94
Saudi Arabia0.110.090.07-0.04-0.15-0.060.040.130.02-0.010.020.080.070.050.160.050.150.160.130.120.47
Senegal-0.18-0.13-0.08-0.020.030.050.07-0.06-0.030.01-0.22-0.24-0.28-0.37-0.40-0.46-0.29-0.24-0.08-0.14-0.19
Serbia-1.26-1.26-1.26-1.27-1.27-1.07-0.86-0.85-0.72-0.91-0.53-0.47-0.50-0.41-0.37-0.29-0.36-0.33-0.15-0.12-0.12
Seychelles0.600.480.350.410.470.400.320.110.160.030.070.100.220.080.03-0.01-0.010.070.130.200.13
Sierra Leone-1.38-1.25-1.11-1.25-1.39-1.32-1.24-1.12-1.13-1.13-0.99-0.99-0.94-0.90-0.93-0.85-0.85-0.86-0.92-0.85-0.79
Singapore1.241.261.271.291.301.361.411.571.661.711.591.611.611.571.631.671.731.711.821.811.83
Slovakia0.160.190.220.280.340.330.320.360.520.540.550.490.590.540.570.610.490.480.500.500.69
Slovenia1.071.171.261.151.041.020.990.970.930.890.910.921.011.081.011.051.011.001.000.971.08
Solomon Islands0.740.520.30-0.14-0.58-0.75-0.91-0.88-0.89-0.80-0.60-0.79-0.64-0.68-0.65-0.52-0.54-0.53-0.50-0.49-0.34
Somalia-2.14-2.19-2.23-2.26-2.28-2.11-1.94-2.12-2.27-2.17-2.34-2.41-2.61-2.45-2.41-2.33-2.42-2.40-2.35-2.30-2.37
South Africa0.090.180.270.240.200.170.130.120.110.110.260.090.070.120.140.150.110.160.180.090.07
South Sudan-1.38-1.43-1.51-1.82-1.86-1.69
Spain1.441.391.341.391.431.351.261.281.141.131.131.171.191.161.191.201.061.020.950.900.98
Sri Lanka0.160.130.100.130.150.240.330.240.180.150.180.13-0.01-0.11-0.12-0.12-0.12-0.28-0.170.04-0.01
Saint Kitts and Nevis0.810.620.420.640.850.760.670.620.720.770.830.790.750.740.700.720.710.720.070.480.51
Saint Lucia0.810.620.420.640.850.760.670.620.680.770.830.790.850.860.850.790.660.700.570.670.51
Saint Vincent and Grenadines0.810.620.420.640.850.890.920.620.720.770.830.640.900.890.880.920.910.880.550.590.41
Sudan-1.71-1.70-1.69-1.65-1.60-1.48-1.36-1.64-1.54-1.63-1.36-1.40-1.42-1.24-1.31-1.28-1.23-1.27-1.17-1.21-1.26
Suriname-0.08-0.030.020.00-0.02-0.07-0.11-0.03-0.17-0.13-0.22-0.24-0.23-0.12-0.05-0.04-0.06-0.05-0.14-0.20-0.12
Swaziland-0.47-0.50-0.53-0.57-0.60-0.64-0.67-0.73-0.87-0.90-0.68-0.76-0.65-0.62-0.53-0.49-0.49-0.46-0.31-0.32-0.32
Sweden1.801.801.791.811.831.861.881.931.891.811.861.911.931.971.961.941.951.971.992.042.04
Switzerland1.931.951.971.981.981.971.951.941.911.911.821.851.821.751.761.731.821.801.991.951.94
Syria-0.55-0.54-0.52-0.51-0.49-0.52-0.55-0.47-0.47-0.59-0.94-0.80-0.69-0.57-0.59-0.78-1.13-1.41-1.36-1.42-2.01
Taiwan0.760.770.770.800.830.860.890.981.001.030.780.790.790.941.011.031.051.051.191.161.14
Tajikistan-1.65-1.60-1.54-1.47-1.39-1.29-1.19-1.03-1.17-1.09-1.18-1.29-1.29-1.27-1.21-1.23-1.20-1.25-1.01-1.06-1.18
Tanzania-0.19-0.20-0.21-0.28-0.35-0.35-0.34-0.25-0.36-0.28-0.44-0.37-0.35-0.48-0.49-0.51-0.53-0.47-0.40-0.37-0.39
Thailand0.540.530.520.550.580.480.380.160.110.05-0.06-0.12-0.14-0.23-0.20-0.20-0.15-0.12-0.19-0.150.01
Timor Leste-1.57-1.57-1.57-0.640.29-0.27-0.83-0.53-0.69-0.50-1.09-1.19-1.05-1.19-1.17-1.18-1.14-1.21-1.12-1.12-1.20
Togo-0.73-0.73-0.73-0.72-0.70-0.74-0.78-0.93-1.11-1.08-0.94-0.92-0.83-0.88-0.92-0.88-0.93-0.97-0.86-0.80-0.68
Tonga0.810.500.180.210.240.200.16-0.280.070.530.590.460.07-0.090.07-0.02-0.04-0.01-0.15-0.200.24
Trinidad and Tobago0.530.550.560.510.450.460.460.280.02-0.09-0.19-0.13-0.19-0.18-0.17-0.15-0.14-0.17-0.09-0.12-0.16
Tunisia-0.30-0.27-0.24-0.23-0.22-0.17-0.12-0.140.05-0.010.110.090.070.130.06-0.13-0.13-0.19-0.11-0.060.02
Turkey-0.14-0.10-0.06-0.04-0.01-0.02-0.030.150.130.160.050.020.080.100.110.070.040.070.01-0.11-0.16
Turkmenistan-1.49-1.46-1.42-1.38-1.33-1.37-1.41-1.42-1.63-1.61-1.64-1.57-1.47-1.47-1.49-1.46-1.40-1.39-1.36-1.42-1.56
Tuvalu0.810.860.911.141.361.371.371.300.881.271.091.000.991.021.000.470.460.490.370.360.46
Uganda-0.58-0.56-0.53-0.66-0.79-0.70-0.61-0.49-0.63-0.58-0.33-0.36-0.35-0.41-0.40-0.36-0.35-0.34-0.39-0.39-0.24
Ukraine-0.82-0.91-1.00-1.06-1.11-0.96-0.81-0.78-0.76-0.78-0.80-0.73-0.68-0.76-0.81-0.82-0.78-0.80-0.79-0.81-0.77
United Arab Emirates0.690.720.750.720.680.710.730.570.440.400.320.290.420.400.320.500.540.620.650.640.89
United Kingdom1.631.711.781.741.701.691.681.701.631.571.791.741.711.741.761.651.721.711.891.811.63
United States1.501.561.611.601.591.571.551.591.441.541.611.631.641.601.641.601.631.561.611.601.67
Uruguay0.560.610.660.630.590.640.680.660.460.470.560.600.600.720.740.700.590.560.710.710.63
Uzbekistan-1.24-1.26-1.28-1.25-1.22-1.35-1.48-1.31-1.32-1.46-1.45-1.22-1.17-1.32-1.42-1.45-1.29-1.23-1.13-1.11-1.13
Vanuatu0.320.170.010.200.390.320.250.110.070.510.550.560.460.400.260.270.280.310.180.100.32
Venezuela-0.75-0.72-0.68-0.77-0.86-1.00-1.13-1.29-1.24-1.24-1.42-1.57-1.62-1.62-1.65-1.68-1.69-1.82-1.92-2.03-2.18
Vietnam-0.48-0.47-0.45-0.41-0.36-0.50-0.64-0.58-0.57-0.32-0.52-0.49-0.47-0.54-0.59-0.54-0.55-0.51-0.36-0.340.05
Virgin Islands (U.S.)1.211.121.080.840.860.860.850.840.840.850.020.880.62
West Bank and Gaza-0.04-0.04-0.03-0.06-0.08-0.21-0.33-0.09-0.26-0.34-0.39-0.62-0.76-0.31-0.20-0.43-0.44-0.40-0.39-0.51-0.31
Yemen-1.38-1.35-1.32-1.39-1.46-1.50-1.53-1.21-1.22-1.26-1.04-0.97-0.98-1.09-1.09-1.29-1.27-1.18-1.20-1.27-1.60
Zambia-0.53-0.45-0.37-0.43-0.48-0.40-0.31-0.39-0.49-0.52-0.54-0.53-0.41-0.48-0.49-0.46-0.37-0.27-0.24-0.23-0.30
Zimbabwe-0.81-0.74-0.66-1.00-1.34-1.47-1.59-1.70-1.80-1.82-1.74-1.80-1.78-1.85-1.82-1.78-1.63-1.58-1.43-1.32-1.32

Reflects perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence. Estimates of governance range from approximately -2.5 (weak) to 2.5 (strong) governance performance.

Source: World Bank