Production process sophistication

scale 1-7, 2007–2015

Info Edit
    2007 Ranking
    1. Japan 6.41
    2. Germany 6.38
    3. Switzerland 6.09
    4. Finland 6.01
    5. Denmark 5.92
    6. Austria 5.88
    7. United States 5.87
    8. Sweden 5.86
    9. Belgium 5.84
    10. France 5.84
    11. Singapore 5.71
    12. Netherlands 5.70
    13. Luxembourg 5.67
    14. Iceland 5.63
    15. Taiwan 5.60
    16. Norway 5.57
    17. United Kingdom 5.49
    18. Israel 5.46
    19. Ireland 5.38
    20. Canada 5.28
    21. Australia 5.28
    22. South Korea 5.20
    23. Czech Republic 4.96
    24. Malaysia 4.82
    25. Italy 4.81
    26. Spain 4.79
    27. New Zealand 4.79
    28. Qatar 4.76
    29. Chile 4.73
    30. Hong Kong 4.69
    31. United Arab Emirates 4.55
    32. Slovenia 4.44
    33. Brazil 4.41
    34. India 4.36
    35. Estonia 4.33
    36. Lithuania 4.28
    37. Costa Rica 4.25
    38. Tunisia 4.15
    39. South Africa 4.14
    40. Hungary 4.12
    41. Turkey 4.09
    42. Greece 4.08
    43. Cyprus 4.03
    44. Kuwait 4.02
    45. Trinidad and Tobago 3.95
    46. Kazakhstan 3.94
    47. Portugal 3.93
    48. Slovakia 3.93
    49. Latvia 3.91
    50. Azerbaijan 3.87
    51. Thailand 3.86
    52. Malta 3.82
    53. Mauritius 3.78
    54. Bahrain 3.76
    55. Mexico 3.76
    56. Poland 3.72
    57. Argentina 3.69
    58. Panama 3.62
    59. El Salvador 3.61
    60. Jordan 3.59
    61. Uruguay 3.56
    62. Peru 3.54
    63. Colombia 3.53
    64. Pakistan 3.53
    65. Barbados 3.52
    66. Ukraine 3.49
    67. Egypt 3.46
    68. Croatia 3.45
    69. Jamaica 3.45
    70. Russia 3.36
    71. Romania 3.33
    72. Botswana 3.31
    73. Venezuela 3.19
    74. China 3.19
    75. Guatemala 3.18
    76. Indonesia 3.17
    77. Mauritania 3.15
    78. Armenia 3.12
    79. Honduras 3.12
    80. Mongolia 3.12
    81. Philippines 3.12
    82. Morocco 3.07
    83. Georgia 3.07
    84. Dominican Republic 3.03
    85. Kyrgyzstan 3.01
    86. Nigeria 3.01
    87. Namibia 2.96
    88. Vietnam 2.95
    89. Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 2.94
    90. Sri Lanka 2.94
    91. Albania 2.93
    92. Tajikistan 2.91
    93. Ecuador 2.91
    94. Algeria 2.88
    95. Cameroon 2.83
    96. Bulgaria 2.81
    97. Mozambique 2.77
    98. Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.77
    99. Burkina Faso 2.71
    100. Tanzania 2.68
    101. Nepal 2.64
    102. Benin 2.63
    103. Kenya 2.62
    104. Nicaragua 2.58
    105. Paraguay 2.55
    106. Guyana 2.55
    107. Cambodia 2.53
    108. Bangladesh 2.52
    109. Madagascar 2.50
    110. Timor Leste 2.49
    111. Uganda 2.49
    112. Mali 2.44
    113. Bolivia 2.43
    114. Gambia 2.40
    115. Lesotho 2.35
    116. Zimbabwe 2.25
    117. Burundi 2.11
    118. Chad 2.03
    119. Ethiopia 1.99
    120. Zambia 1.52
    2015 Ranking
    1. Switzerland 6.38
    2. Japan 6.37
    3. Finland 6.20
    4. Germany 6.17
    5. Netherlands 6.14
    6. Norway 6.07
    7. United States 6.06
    8. Sweden 6.00
    9. Belgium 5.91
    10. Puerto Rico 5.90
    11. Austria 5.90
    12. United Kingdom 5.75
    13. Ireland 5.74
    14. Denmark 5.65
    15. Singapore 5.64
    16. Luxembourg 5.60
    17. France 5.52
    18. Taiwan 5.47
    19. Qatar 5.42
    20. Canada 5.29
    21. Israel 5.27
    22. Hong Kong 5.22
    23. Malaysia 5.22
    24. Iceland 5.21
    25. South Korea 5.17
    26. New Zealand 5.16
    27. United Arab Emirates 5.10
    28. Italy 4.96
    29. Australia 4.94
    30. Czech Republic 4.89
    31. Saudi Arabia 4.69
    32. Costa Rica 4.68
    33. Malta 4.65
    34. Spain 4.57
    35. Mauritius 4.54
    36. Turkey 4.53
    37. Indonesia 4.49
    38. South Africa 4.47
    39. El Salvador 4.46
    40. Portugal 4.41
    41. Lithuania 4.40
    42. Chile 4.34
    43. Bahrain 4.33
    44. Philippines 4.32
    45. Cyprus 4.27
    46. Oman 4.27
    47. Jordan 4.25
    48. Brazil 4.22
    49. Slovakia 4.21
    50. Trinidad and Tobago 4.19
    51. Thailand 4.17
    52. Panama 4.16
    53. Estonia 4.16
    54. Mexico 4.14
    55. Kenya 4.14
    56. Poland 4.13
    57. China 4.13
    58. Barbados 4.10
    59. Slovenia 4.08
    60. Guatemala 4.06
    61. Azerbaijan 4.03
    62. India 4.01
    63. Sri Lanka 3.98
    64. Hungary 3.91
    65. Honduras 3.90
    66. Latvia 3.90
    67. Seychelles 3.87
    68. Ghana 3.87
    69. Senegal 3.85
    70. Guyana 3.84
    71. Albania 3.83
    72. Kazakhstan 3.80
    73. Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 3.79
    74. Zambia 3.76
    75. Argentina 3.74
    76. Greece 3.73
    77. Colombia 3.73
    78. Uruguay 3.71
    79. Peru 3.71
    80. Jamaica 3.69
    81. Dominican Republic 3.68
    82. Romania 3.68
    83. Namibia 3.67
    84. Lebanon 3.64
    85. Swaziland 3.63
    86. Tajikistan 3.60
    87. Pakistan 3.58
    88. Laos 3.58
    89. Iran 3.57
    90. Bulgaria 3.56
    91. Armenia 3.53
    92. Russia 3.53
    93. Cameroon 3.52
    94. Cape Verde 3.51
    95. Ukraine 3.51
    96. Croatia 3.50
    97. Tunisia 3.50
    98. Bolivia 3.49
    99. Kuwait 3.47
    100. Gambia 3.44
    101. Mongolia 3.44
    102. Rwanda 3.43
    103. Montenegro 3.41
    104. Ivory Coast 3.40
    105. Morocco 3.38
    106. Nigeria 3.35
    107. Bangladesh 3.34
    108. Gabon 3.29
    109. Botswana 3.28
    110. Madagascar 3.26
    111. Cambodia 3.25
    112. Tanzania 3.25
    113. Bhutan 3.22
    114. Georgia 3.18
    115. Uganda 3.18
    116. Vietnam 3.18
    117. Paraguay 3.17
    118. Suriname 3.17
    119. Nepal 3.14
    120. Egypt 3.12
    121. Nicaragua 3.10
    122. Moldova 3.07
    123. Mozambique 3.07
    124. Kyrgyzstan 3.06
    125. Lesotho 3.01
    126. Ethiopia 3.01
    127. Malawi 3.00
    128. Mali 2.97
    129. Venezuela 2.96
    130. Yemen 2.90
    131. Algeria 2.84
    132. Sierra Leone 2.82
    133. Serbia 2.77
    134. Mauritania 2.61
    135. Zimbabwe 2.51
    136. Burma (Myanmar) 2.51
    137. Burkina Faso 2.44
    138. Angola 2.44
    139. Haiti 2.39
    140. Burundi 2.39
    141. Timor Leste 2.36
    142. Libya 2.33
    143. Chad 2.29
    144. Guinea 2.28

    Business sophistication concerns two elements that are intricately linked: the quality of a country’s overall business networks and the quality of individual firms’ operations and strategies. These factors are especially important for countries at an advanced stage of development when, to a large extent, the more basic sources of productivity improvements have been exhausted. The quality of a country’s business networks and supporting industries, as measured by the quantity and quality of local suppliers and the extent of their interaction, is important for a variety of reasons. When companies and suppliers from a particular sector are interconnected in geographically proximate groups, called clusters, efficiency is heightened, greater opportunities for innovation in processes and products are created, and barriers to entry for new firms are reduced.

    Source: World Economic Forum