Opioid use disorder deaths

per 100,000 people, 1990–2017

Info Edit
    1990 Ranking
    1. South Africa 4.93
    2. Switzerland 3.57
    3. Russia 2.37
    4. Australia 1.89
    5. Norway 1.65
    6. Italy 1.64
    7. Libya 1.59
    8. Montenegro 1.53
    9. United Arab Emirates 1.51
    10. Ukraine 1.50
    11. Luxembourg 1.46
    12. Denmark 1.46
    13. Belarus 1.44
    14. Finland 1.41
    15. Qatar 1.38
    16. Congo (Brazzaville) 1.37
    17. Iran 1.34
    18. Iceland 1.29
    19. Iraq 1.29
    20. United States 1.23
    21. Chile 1.22
    22. Lebanon 1.19
    23. Germany 1.19
    24. China 1.14
    25. Namibia 1.12
    26. Gabon 1.09
    27. Swaziland 1.05
    28. Estonia 1.03
    29. Guatemala 1.03
    30. Andorra 1.00
    31. Spain 0.99
    32. Botswana 0.98
    33. Canada 0.97
    34. Lithuania 0.90
    35. Equatorial Guinea 0.89
    36. Philippines 0.84
    37. Latvia 0.81
    38. Lesotho 0.80
    39. Bahrain 0.78
    40. Kyrgyzstan 0.76
    41. Sweden 0.75
    42. Bermuda 0.73
    43. Moldova 0.72
    44. Austria 0.70
    45. Congo (Kinshasa) 0.68
    46. Cape Verde 0.66
    47. Algeria 0.64
    48. Jordan 0.64
    49. Kazakhstan 0.64
    50. Brunei 0.63
    51. Central African Republic 0.60
    52. Puerto Rico 0.58
    53. Virgin Islands (U.S.) 0.57
    54. Cameroon 0.57
    55. Angola 0.54
    56. France 0.54
    57. Nicaragua 0.52
    58. Bangladesh 0.50
    59. Malta 0.49
    60. Peru 0.49
    61. Greenland 0.48
    62. Slovakia 0.47
    63. United Kingdom 0.46
    64. Sri Lanka 0.45
    65. Argentina 0.45
    66. Malaysia 0.44
    67. Belgium 0.44
    68. Romania 0.43
    69. Afghanistan 0.43
    70. Nigeria 0.43
    71. North Korea 0.43
    72. Dominican Republic 0.41
    73. Morocco 0.41
    74. Taiwan 0.40
    75. Greece 0.40
    76. Guinea Bissau 0.40
    77. Honduras 0.40
    78. Ivory Coast 0.40
    79. Thailand 0.39
    80. Mauritania 0.39
    81. Israel 0.39
    82. Vietnam 0.38
    83. Bolivia 0.38
    84. Seychelles 0.38
    85. Serbia 0.37
    86. Ghana 0.36
    87. Guyana 0.36
    88. El Salvador 0.35
    89. Togo 0.34
    90. West Bank and Gaza 0.33
    91. Netherlands 0.33
    92. Liberia 0.33
    93. Tunisia 0.33
    94. Mexico 0.32
    95. Mongolia 0.32
    96. Sudan 0.32
    97. Syria 0.31
    98. Cyprus 0.31
    99. Portugal 0.31
    100. Burma (Myanmar) 0.30
    101. New Zealand 0.30
    102. Colombia 0.30
    103. Senegal 0.30
    104. Gambia 0.29
    105. Sierra Leone 0.29
    106. Poland 0.28
    107. Benin 0.27
    108. Georgia 0.27
    109. Ecuador 0.27
    110. Brazil 0.26
    111. Ireland 0.25
    112. Czech Republic 0.24
    113. Uruguay 0.24
    114. Suriname 0.23
    115. Eritrea 0.23
    116. Saint Vincent and Grenadines 0.23
    117. Madagascar 0.23
    118. Micronesia 0.23
    119. Marshall Islands 0.23
    120. Kuwait 0.23
    121. Guam 0.22
    122. Zambia 0.22
    123. Yemen 0.22
    124. Burkina Faso 0.22
    125. Guinea 0.21
    126. Mozambique 0.21
    127. Antigua and Barbuda 0.21
    128. Burundi 0.21
    129. India 0.20
    130. Rwanda 0.20
    131. Mali 0.20
    132. Djibouti 0.20
    133. Laos 0.20
    134. Venezuela 0.20
    135. American Samoa 0.20
    136. Zimbabwe 0.19
    137. Panama 0.19
    138. Fiji 0.19
    139. Samoa 0.19
    140. Bahamas 0.19
    141. Slovenia 0.19
    142. Ethiopia 0.18
    143. Niger 0.18
    144. Comoros 0.18
    145. Chad 0.17
    146. Northern Mariana Islands 0.17
    147. Saint Thomas and Principe 0.17
    148. Saudi Arabia 0.17
    149. Grenada 0.16
    150. Saint Lucia 0.16
    151. Turkmenistan 0.16
    152. Costa Rica 0.16
    153. Tanzania 0.16
    154. Trinidad and Tobago 0.15
    155. Dominica 0.14
    156. Jamaica 0.14
    157. Armenia 0.14
    158. Azerbaijan 0.14
    159. Uzbekistan 0.13
    160. Tajikistan 0.13
    161. Malawi 0.13
    162. South Korea 0.13
    163. Tonga 0.12
    164. Cuba 0.12
    165. Cambodia 0.12
    166. Bhutan 0.12
    167. Somalia 0.11
    168. Turkey 0.11
    169. Timor Leste 0.11
    170. Haiti 0.11
    171. Kiribati 0.11
    172. Barbados 0.11
    173. Mauritius 0.11
    174. Pakistan 0.10
    175. Papua New Guinea 0.09
    176. Paraguay 0.09
    177. Vanuatu 0.09
    178. Singapore 0.09
    179. Maldives 0.09
    180. Croatia 0.09
    181. South Sudan 0.08
    182. Solomon Islands 0.08
    183. Hungary 0.08
    184. Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 0.08
    185. Kenya 0.08
    186. Belize 0.08
    187. Indonesia 0.08
    188. Bulgaria 0.08
    189. Oman 0.07
    190. Albania 0.07
    191. Nepal 0.07
    192. Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.07
    193. Uganda 0.07
    194. Japan 0.06
    195. Egypt 0.04
    2017 Ranking
    1. United States 14.57
    2. Libya 7.29
    3. United Arab Emirates 5.73
    4. Estonia 4.92
    5. Russia 4.42
    6. Iran 3.58
    7. Canada 3.57
    8. Lebanon 3.53
    9. Kazakhstan 3.10
    10. Lithuania 2.99
    11. Belarus 2.92
    12. Ukraine 2.90
    13. Australia 2.71
    14. Finland 2.59
    15. Norway 2.52
    16. United Kingdom 2.41
    17. Cape Verde 2.10
    18. Denmark 2.10
    19. Algeria 2.09
    20. Montenegro 1.98
    21. Ireland 1.98
    22. Sweden 1.93
    23. Latvia 1.89
    24. Swaziland 1.77
    25. Puerto Rico 1.63
    26. Tunisia 1.62
    27. Kyrgyzstan 1.60
    28. Lesotho 1.53
    29. Bermuda 1.52
    30. Ghana 1.50
    31. Greece 1.47
    32. Morocco 1.47
    33. Andorra 1.47
    34. Iceland 1.43
    35. Guatemala 1.43
    36. Cameroon 1.42
    37. Georgia 1.38
    38. Guyana 1.32
    39. Armenia 1.24
    40. Luxembourg 1.23
    41. Moldova 1.22
    42. Iraq 1.15
    43. Belgium 1.15
    44. Virgin Islands (U.S.) 1.14
    45. Romania 1.13
    46. Turkmenistan 1.08
    47. Syria 1.07
    48. China 1.07
    49. Malaysia 1.04
    50. France 1.04
    51. Saudi Arabia 1.01
    52. Togo 1.00
    53. Switzerland 0.99
    54. Mongolia 0.98
    55. Greenland 0.98
    56. Taiwan 0.97
    57. Argentina 0.94
    58. New Zealand 0.94
    59. Germany 0.93
    60. Dominican Republic 0.93
    61. Bangladesh 0.92
    62. Gabon 0.91
    63. Botswana 0.90
    64. Zimbabwe 0.89
    65. Ecuador 0.89
    66. Congo (Brazzaville) 0.89
    67. Namibia 0.89
    68. Croatia 0.88
    69. Yemen 0.88
    70. Thailand 0.86
    71. Guinea Bissau 0.85
    72. Honduras 0.84
    73. Malta 0.83
    74. Uzbekistan 0.82
    75. Vietnam 0.82
    76. Ivory Coast 0.82
    77. Bolivia 0.81
    78. Sudan 0.81
    79. Suriname 0.80
    80. Portugal 0.79
    81. Spain 0.78
    82. Jordan 0.78
    83. Gambia 0.78
    84. South Africa 0.78
    85. Costa Rica 0.77
    86. North Korea 0.74
    87. Saint Vincent and Grenadines 0.74
    88. Mexico 0.73
    89. Cyprus 0.73
    90. El Salvador 0.72
    91. Peru 0.71
    92. Slovenia 0.70
    93. Netherlands 0.70
    94. Dominica 0.69
    95. Austria 0.68
    96. Nigeria 0.66
    97. Saint Lucia 0.66
    98. Afghanistan 0.66
    99. Grenada 0.65
    100. Czech Republic 0.65
    101. Bahrain 0.65
    102. Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.63
    103. Trinidad and Tobago 0.63
    104. Uruguay 0.62
    105. Seychelles 0.61
    106. Brazil 0.61
    107. Mauritania 0.60
    108. Antigua and Barbuda 0.60
    109. Liberia 0.60
    110. Sierra Leone 0.59
    111. Venezuela 0.59
    112. Bulgaria 0.59
    113. Guinea 0.58
    114. Saint Thomas and Principe 0.56
    115. Sri Lanka 0.56
    116. Bahamas 0.55
    117. Serbia 0.55
    118. Benin 0.55
    119. Cuba 0.54
    120. West Bank and Gaza 0.54
    121. Slovakia 0.51
    122. Senegal 0.50
    123. Brunei 0.49
    124. Marshall Islands 0.48
    125. Azerbaijan 0.48
    126. Poland 0.48
    127. Chile 0.46
    128. Guam 0.46
    129. Mozambique 0.45
    130. Equatorial Guinea 0.45
    131. Turkey 0.45
    132. India 0.44
    133. Central African Republic 0.44
    134. Italy 0.44
    135. Philippines 0.44
    136. Barbados 0.41
    137. Eritrea 0.40
    138. Albania 0.39
    139. Jamaica 0.39
    140. Burkina Faso 0.38
    141. Micronesia 0.37
    142. Panama 0.37
    143. Congo (Kinshasa) 0.36
    144. Burma (Myanmar) 0.36
    145. Japan 0.36
    146. Hungary 0.35
    147. Belize 0.34
    148. Colombia 0.34
    149. Haiti 0.32
    150. Chad 0.32
    151. American Samoa 0.31
    152. Djibouti 0.31
    153. Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) 0.30
    154. Oman 0.30
    155. Israel 0.30
    156. Angola 0.30
    157. Kuwait 0.30
    158. Northern Mariana Islands 0.30
    159. Nicaragua 0.29
    160. Zambia 0.29
    161. Tajikistan 0.28
    162. Fiji 0.28
    163. Mauritius 0.28
    164. Pakistan 0.25
    165. Comoros 0.25
    166. Tonga 0.25
    167. Bhutan 0.25
    168. Maldives 0.24
    169. Qatar 0.24
    170. Laos 0.24
    171. Tanzania 0.23
    172. Paraguay 0.23
    173. Mali 0.22
    174. Singapore 0.20
    175. Niger 0.19
    176. Indonesia 0.19
    177. Malawi 0.19
    178. Samoa 0.18
    179. Kenya 0.18
    180. Kiribati 0.18
    181. Timor Leste 0.17
    182. Cambodia 0.17
    183. South Korea 0.16
    184. Nepal 0.14
    185. Vanuatu 0.13
    186. Papua New Guinea 0.13
    187. Madagascar 0.12
    188. Solomon Islands 0.12
    189. Uganda 0.11
    190. Rwanda 0.11
    191. Somalia 0.11
    192. Egypt 0.10
    193. Burundi 0.10
    194. Ethiopia 0.10
    195. South Sudan 0.06

    Opioid dependence is a substance-related disorder involving a dysfunctional pattern of opioid use. Included in the GBD disease modelling were cases meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) or the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) diagnostic criteria for opioid dependence (DSM: 304.00; ICD: F11.2), excluding those cases due to a general medical condition. According to DSM-IV TR criteria, dependence involves a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress.

    Source: Global Health Data Exchange