Opioid use disorder deaths

per 100,000 people, 1990–2017

Info Edit
Country1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Afghanistan0.430.430.400.390.400.410.410.420.420.440.460.470.470.470.480.480.490.500.500.510.530.540.550.570.590.610.640.66
Albania0.070.090.090.110.180.180.170.150.190.170.210.300.360.380.380.300.290.330.320.260.280.300.320.330.350.370.380.39
Algeria0.640.680.730.780.860.920.981.061.121.211.291.361.431.471.521.581.621.671.711.751.791.841.881.931.992.032.052.09
American Samoa0.200.200.210.210.220.230.240.290.200.210.270.260.300.350.310.280.280.260.250.240.270.240.260.270.260.300.300.31
Andorra1.001.081.141.151.151.171.211.251.311.351.351.351.351.401.451.451.461.461.461.451.451.441.461.461.471.461.471.47
Angola0.540.560.580.610.640.630.590.570.640.570.500.440.390.360.350.320.310.290.280.270.270.270.280.280.280.280.290.30
Antigua and Barbuda0.210.230.260.280.380.450.510.590.610.620.630.630.610.580.550.540.530.520.520.510.510.510.490.500.500.500.560.60
Argentina0.450.470.520.540.580.620.670.760.750.760.710.720.710.690.670.690.720.760.760.770.790.820.840.860.870.860.900.94
Armenia0.140.150.170.180.180.180.170.170.160.160.170.180.210.230.300.380.510.570.690.770.850.951.081.121.171.211.231.24
Australia1.891.912.122.242.542.812.993.273.443.402.982.372.142.061.961.901.831.912.012.082.102.132.122.192.372.502.632.71
Austria0.700.901.141.401.631.761.761.661.641.701.821.811.822.042.122.132.052.001.881.791.581.330.920.740.640.590.550.68
Azerbaijan0.140.150.160.160.170.190.180.180.170.180.200.250.290.320.350.380.430.560.500.480.490.490.490.490.490.480.480.48
Bahamas0.190.200.220.220.300.360.380.430.460.480.500.500.480.460.430.430.430.420.420.410.410.410.410.440.470.500.530.55
Bahrain0.780.921.081.221.351.491.581.701.761.701.431.161.040.970.970.940.880.860.800.720.650.640.590.560.540.590.620.65
Bangladesh0.500.460.470.470.470.500.500.500.500.510.530.540.560.580.600.640.680.730.770.780.800.780.780.790.810.830.870.92
Barbados0.110.120.130.150.210.250.260.290.320.350.380.390.400.390.380.370.360.350.350.330.330.320.310.330.350.370.390.41
Belarus1.441.591.752.012.112.272.332.442.642.822.703.003.483.373.053.062.912.812.632.673.043.042.772.822.812.752.802.92
Belgium0.440.490.510.660.740.780.670.790.780.790.770.740.720.720.720.770.790.840.860.880.880.890.920.960.971.021.091.15
Belize0.080.100.110.110.160.210.250.290.300.310.330.340.330.310.290.290.270.270.260.250.260.260.260.260.270.280.320.34
Benin0.270.280.290.300.320.330.350.360.370.380.390.400.410.410.410.420.420.430.430.450.460.480.490.510.510.530.540.55
Bermuda0.730.790.860.911.191.401.461.651.711.711.711.721.651.571.501.471.421.391.361.311.301.261.261.291.281.281.441.52
Bhutan0.120.120.120.130.130.130.130.140.140.140.150.150.150.160.160.170.170.180.190.190.200.210.210.220.230.230.240.25
Bolivia0.380.390.400.410.410.420.430.450.460.480.480.490.510.520.530.550.560.580.600.610.630.650.670.690.710.750.780.81
Bosnia and Herzegovina0.070.080.090.090.090.090.090.090.090.100.130.180.240.330.410.510.570.690.710.740.770.860.700.630.540.600.620.63
Botswana0.981.011.051.071.091.101.081.061.051.010.970.940.930.910.890.830.790.720.740.760.770.800.820.840.870.890.890.90
Brazil0.260.260.260.270.280.300.350.370.410.410.420.420.420.420.410.400.390.400.400.420.420.440.460.480.500.530.570.61
Brunei0.630.660.680.710.750.790.870.860.870.750.620.540.480.430.410.390.380.360.350.350.360.360.380.390.400.430.460.49
Bulgaria0.080.080.090.100.110.110.120.140.140.140.150.160.160.180.210.310.360.410.460.480.510.510.500.520.560.560.570.59
Burkina Faso0.220.220.220.220.230.230.240.240.250.250.250.250.250.250.260.260.260.270.270.280.300.300.320.330.340.360.370.38
Burma (Myanmar)0.300.310.310.320.320.320.320.330.330.330.330.330.330.330.340.340.340.340.340.350.350.350.350.350.350.350.360.36
Burundi0.210.210.210.210.220.220.220.220.210.190.170.150.130.120.120.110.110.100.100.090.090.090.090.090.090.090.090.09
Cambodia0.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.130.130.130.140.140.140.150.150.160.160.170.17
Cameroon0.570.600.650.700.750.790.840.890.940.971.011.021.031.041.061.081.111.141.171.201.221.251.271.291.311.341.391.42
Canada0.971.111.241.431.491.521.551.601.741.791.771.791.821.841.881.992.042.162.282.392.482.572.772.903.193.423.533.57
Cape Verde0.660.690.720.770.820.870.941.001.051.081.101.141.181.231.281.341.411.471.541.611.691.791.741.821.891.962.042.10
Central African Republic0.590.630.650.680.690.690.720.700.720.690.600.540.510.470.440.420.410.400.390.390.400.410.410.420.420.430.440.44
Chad0.170.170.180.190.190.190.210.230.240.250.250.260.260.260.260.250.250.260.260.260.270.280.280.290.290.300.310.32
Chile1.221.080.970.930.870.850.810.760.690.610.480.440.390.360.340.320.320.330.320.340.350.350.360.370.380.400.440.46
China1.141.261.391.451.511.581.601.551.511.401.291.090.920.740.670.640.620.610.660.710.750.770.800.860.910.961.011.07
Colombia0.300.300.310.290.280.270.280.280.280.270.270.270.290.270.270.250.250.250.260.270.270.270.280.290.300.300.320.34
Comoros0.180.190.190.200.210.220.220.230.230.220.200.190.190.180.180.180.180.190.190.200.200.210.210.220.220.230.240.25
Congo (Brazzaville)1.371.381.431.481.631.701.751.851.711.621.401.171.030.990.940.900.870.850.840.820.810.790.810.820.840.850.870.89
Congo (Kinshasa)0.670.710.720.720.720.740.750.720.710.660.580.510.460.430.390.360.340.330.320.320.320.320.330.330.340.350.350.36
Costa Rica0.160.160.170.180.190.210.210.220.220.220.220.230.250.250.300.340.410.400.450.480.580.590.590.570.550.650.730.77
Croatia0.090.100.130.160.200.310.380.470.540.720.820.951.061.191.281.351.301.361.321.151.091.020.990.910.900.900.880.88
Cuba0.120.130.130.140.140.140.140.140.140.150.160.210.220.230.250.280.270.290.310.320.340.340.370.400.430.470.510.54
Cyprus0.310.320.330.370.410.440.470.500.520.540.570.590.600.620.580.760.790.830.800.800.770.720.670.620.670.700.710.73
Czech Republic0.240.240.260.290.380.430.460.520.520.540.530.540.510.540.530.530.510.530.540.550.540.550.590.610.600.640.650.65
Denmark1.461.481.531.621.751.701.621.611.551.691.591.591.621.641.631.601.671.751.831.921.931.871.761.781.781.761.972.10
Djibouti0.200.210.230.240.260.280.290.300.310.300.280.270.260.260.260.260.260.260.260.270.270.270.280.280.290.300.310.31
Dominica0.140.160.180.200.270.330.370.430.470.510.540.560.560.530.520.510.500.500.490.490.510.520.530.570.570.580.650.69
Dominican Republic0.410.400.390.380.380.390.400.420.450.470.430.410.400.420.430.420.450.450.460.470.490.490.550.680.750.830.910.93
Ecuador0.260.300.310.320.330.330.350.350.380.420.430.430.470.490.500.560.600.620.720.790.830.880.880.840.810.770.850.89
Egypt0.030.040.040.040.040.040.050.050.050.050.050.060.060.070.070.070.080.080.080.080.080.080.080.080.080.090.090.10
El Salvador0.350.370.400.420.460.450.470.550.490.450.440.430.420.420.430.440.420.450.440.480.500.510.500.550.630.670.700.72
Equatorial Guinea0.890.900.890.900.890.920.920.850.800.730.620.520.440.410.370.350.360.350.340.350.350.340.350.360.380.400.420.45
Eritrea0.230.260.280.300.320.360.370.390.390.380.360.350.340.340.330.330.330.340.340.340.340.350.360.360.370.380.390.39
Estonia1.031.151.231.451.661.621.461.621.972.132.432.863.373.283.773.774.185.004.865.045.005.576.055.285.194.965.034.92
Ethiopia0.180.180.190.190.190.180.180.170.170.150.130.120.110.100.100.090.090.090.090.080.080.080.090.090.090.090.090.09
Fiji0.190.200.210.220.220.240.250.280.280.300.320.320.320.370.310.280.290.260.260.230.230.210.230.240.250.260.270.28
Finland1.411.471.471.491.511.641.761.761.661.651.661.661.651.721.932.082.182.392.522.612.582.562.482.472.322.302.462.59
France0.540.610.670.700.700.690.670.610.610.610.630.620.630.660.660.700.720.730.790.840.880.910.910.930.940.981.001.04
Gabon1.091.151.211.221.291.421.441.461.451.331.231.151.061.010.950.910.900.890.890.880.850.850.850.860.870.890.900.91
Gambia0.290.300.310.320.330.350.360.380.400.410.430.450.470.490.510.530.550.560.580.590.610.630.660.680.710.730.760.78
Georgia0.270.290.330.340.330.350.350.400.660.760.760.760.700.640.610.630.640.660.740.770.870.941.031.081.161.211.311.38
Germany1.191.301.331.351.381.411.401.321.171.101.050.950.870.830.760.740.710.700.700.710.690.670.660.680.690.760.860.93
Ghana0.360.370.380.390.400.410.420.430.430.440.430.490.570.680.810.951.111.291.241.251.261.271.271.321.381.431.481.50
Greece0.400.560.720.821.131.441.721.972.162.382.612.782.622.702.933.103.023.032.792.732.412.151.941.631.411.431.461.47
Greenland0.480.460.450.440.440.430.450.440.500.570.650.760.810.860.860.870.860.870.900.920.900.910.930.920.940.930.970.98
Grenada0.160.180.190.210.280.340.360.380.420.450.480.530.530.510.490.490.500.500.500.500.510.520.500.530.540.560.590.65
Guam0.220.230.240.240.220.340.420.390.290.280.330.320.380.430.390.370.370.340.350.330.400.380.410.410.410.440.450.46
Guatemala1.031.161.241.281.351.181.061.111.121.041.141.151.081.171.251.401.341.161.050.950.831.001.081.101.101.161.311.43
Guinea0.210.220.230.230.240.250.260.270.290.300.310.320.330.340.350.350.380.400.410.440.460.480.490.510.530.550.570.58
Guinea Bissau0.400.410.420.430.440.460.470.490.500.520.530.540.550.560.580.590.610.630.640.660.680.710.730.750.780.800.830.84
Guyana0.360.380.400.430.570.770.881.061.111.071.141.061.061.041.011.021.010.960.940.900.991.031.071.091.171.221.281.32
Haiti0.110.110.110.120.120.120.120.130.130.140.140.140.140.150.150.160.170.180.190.200.210.220.230.250.270.290.310.32
Honduras0.400.400.400.400.400.400.410.420.440.460.480.490.510.540.560.570.580.590.600.620.630.660.680.710.750.780.810.84
Hungary0.080.090.100.120.130.150.230.280.340.360.370.380.380.380.400.420.420.410.390.380.360.340.340.330.320.350.340.35
Iceland1.291.291.291.231.191.181.191.211.211.211.191.161.101.071.041.021.021.001.001.011.001.011.011.051.091.121.171.43
India0.200.210.210.220.220.230.230.250.260.270.280.280.280.280.290.310.310.310.320.330.330.340.330.350.370.390.420.44
Indonesia0.080.080.080.090.090.100.100.110.110.110.120.120.130.130.140.140.140.150.150.150.160.160.160.170.170.180.180.19
Iran1.341.411.461.511.571.621.671.701.761.821.912.002.132.362.953.323.603.874.064.134.244.234.194.133.903.283.523.58
Iraq1.291.371.491.601.711.811.912.051.992.022.131.992.071.961.891.821.741.681.621.551.501.411.341.361.311.151.111.15
Ireland0.250.340.450.570.720.991.231.531.721.851.931.821.791.691.731.892.012.042.102.232.042.132.062.041.981.941.931.98
Israel0.390.390.380.330.290.280.310.320.380.400.500.500.520.470.420.340.290.280.260.260.250.250.250.260.260.270.290.30
Italy1.641.891.891.731.751.741.801.771.711.521.321.120.920.740.610.540.520.510.490.460.440.420.420.420.410.430.430.44
Ivory Coast0.400.420.450.490.520.550.580.610.630.660.670.680.690.710.720.730.740.740.740.740.750.760.770.780.800.810.810.82
Jamaica0.140.140.160.170.190.210.230.260.270.290.300.290.310.240.210.200.220.230.240.230.210.200.260.290.320.350.370.39
Japan0.060.070.070.080.090.140.160.180.200.230.230.240.240.250.260.270.270.280.290.300.300.320.310.320.350.340.350.36
Jordan0.640.640.650.680.700.730.740.750.740.730.730.720.700.690.690.660.670.640.620.610.630.630.650.660.690.720.750.78
Kazakhstan0.640.700.790.921.051.281.481.641.822.002.342.602.773.063.383.713.964.163.392.952.842.732.712.792.672.732.923.10
Kenya0.080.090.090.100.110.110.120.130.140.150.150.150.160.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.170.18
Kiribati0.110.110.110.110.120.120.120.120.130.130.130.130.130.130.130.140.140.140.150.150.150.160.160.160.170.170.170.18
Kuwait0.230.210.210.230.270.260.230.240.250.320.300.250.220.210.240.220.240.240.250.240.230.230.250.240.230.260.280.30
Kyrgyzstan0.760.850.921.061.161.221.211.211.261.331.601.741.832.022.192.312.442.382.252.082.001.911.831.711.631.551.561.60
Laos0.200.200.200.200.200.200.200.210.210.210.200.200.200.190.190.190.190.200.200.200.200.200.210.210.220.230.230.24
Latvia0.810.901.041.341.651.591.491.581.892.062.272.452.422.222.162.332.462.352.121.911.761.661.661.661.701.741.831.89
Lebanon1.191.241.311.381.451.521.591.661.731.801.871.921.972.022.092.162.232.332.432.542.642.782.893.043.183.293.413.52
Lesotho0.800.790.800.820.860.890.920.981.061.111.161.171.221.271.311.341.361.381.431.431.451.461.501.541.581.601.571.53
Liberia0.330.340.350.360.370.340.390.390.390.400.400.400.410.410.420.410.430.440.450.470.490.500.530.550.550.570.580.60
Libya1.591.691.821.972.122.272.382.642.863.073.273.453.553.603.783.923.984.224.875.536.016.596.856.776.957.197.097.29
Lithuania0.901.001.071.271.541.541.471.381.551.591.751.881.811.861.932.172.452.802.732.462.482.522.652.812.893.023.022.99
Luxembourg1.461.621.821.952.082.082.061.941.791.631.531.431.331.281.261.211.181.131.081.061.031.031.011.011.031.071.181.23
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)0.080.090.080.090.090.090.080.090.110.130.140.170.210.210.230.230.260.290.300.310.310.270.240.260.270.280.300.30
Madagascar0.230.230.230.240.230.230.230.230.220.200.190.170.150.150.140.130.130.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.120.12
Malawi0.130.130.150.160.170.190.200.210.210.210.190.180.170.170.160.160.160.160.160.160.170.170.170.170.180.180.190.19
Malaysia0.440.450.470.480.510.570.600.630.650.700.760.710.690.700.680.650.640.640.670.720.730.700.720.730.800.890.961.04
Maldives0.090.080.080.080.080.080.080.090.100.100.100.100.100.110.110.120.130.140.140.140.150.150.160.170.190.200.230.24
Mali0.200.200.200.200.200.200.200.200.200.200.200.190.190.190.190.190.190.190.190.190.200.200.200.200.200.210.220.22
Malta0.490.570.640.690.730.760.790.790.760.750.750.730.700.710.730.730.780.800.810.810.790.730.730.720.710.730.800.83
Marshall Islands0.230.240.250.260.270.290.300.310.330.340.340.340.360.360.370.380.390.400.410.420.430.430.440.450.460.460.470.48
Mauritania0.390.390.410.420.430.440.450.450.460.460.450.460.450.450.450.450.460.460.470.480.490.500.520.530.550.570.590.60
Mauritius0.110.090.080.080.100.100.090.090.090.100.130.120.110.120.130.130.130.140.160.160.160.170.160.170.220.250.280.28
Mexico0.320.320.320.340.350.370.380.420.500.510.500.500.500.510.500.520.510.510.550.570.580.600.600.610.630.650.690.73
Micronesia0.230.240.240.250.260.270.280.290.290.290.290.290.290.290.290.300.300.310.310.320.320.330.340.340.350.360.370.37
Moldova0.720.770.730.790.941.041.121.091.121.151.201.191.171.201.281.431.421.431.441.461.491.331.221.131.141.171.131.22
Mongolia0.320.350.400.440.470.530.570.590.600.620.660.720.770.820.890.950.970.980.950.950.980.980.970.960.950.960.980.98
Montenegro1.531.561.571.561.591.621.671.761.841.901.881.911.881.941.981.971.971.881.821.791.801.801.811.871.901.911.951.98
Morocco0.410.440.470.500.530.560.600.640.680.730.780.830.860.890.920.960.991.041.081.121.161.211.251.291.331.381.431.47
Mozambique0.210.220.220.230.230.240.250.260.260.260.260.250.240.250.250.270.280.300.310.330.350.360.380.400.410.430.450.45
Namibia1.121.141.191.231.301.381.471.551.661.691.671.591.551.471.381.281.181.091.030.970.940.890.870.860.860.860.870.89
Nepal0.070.070.070.070.070.070.070.070.070.070.070.060.060.060.070.070.070.080.080.090.090.100.110.120.120.130.140.14
Netherlands0.330.330.330.340.340.320.370.390.390.430.470.490.500.520.530.510.510.510.550.550.550.570.580.590.590.640.680.70
New Zealand0.300.330.410.440.490.580.660.690.730.740.740.780.850.800.790.800.760.820.820.810.810.810.810.790.810.820.900.93
Nicaragua0.520.510.490.520.530.500.510.420.390.370.330.300.280.270.270.260.240.250.240.240.230.240.250.270.290.280.290.29
Niger0.180.180.190.190.200.200.200.210.210.210.210.210.200.200.190.190.180.180.180.170.170.180.180.180.180.190.190.19
Nigeria0.430.440.460.470.480.490.500.510.520.530.550.550.560.560.560.560.560.560.560.570.570.580.590.590.610.630.650.66
North Korea0.430.440.460.470.480.500.510.520.530.530.520.510.510.510.520.520.530.550.560.580.590.610.630.650.670.690.720.74
Northern Mariana Islands0.170.170.170.170.170.180.180.180.180.170.210.190.230.260.240.220.220.200.210.200.250.240.260.260.260.280.290.30
Norway1.651.922.252.432.793.283.724.104.794.835.215.004.343.573.333.042.842.682.672.652.582.482.362.392.342.282.402.52
Oman0.070.080.080.090.090.100.100.110.110.120.120.130.140.140.150.150.160.180.200.220.230.260.270.280.280.290.290.30
Pakistan0.100.110.120.130.130.140.150.160.160.160.160.160.160.170.170.170.180.180.190.190.200.200.210.220.230.240.250.25
Panama0.190.190.190.190.180.180.170.160.200.200.220.250.280.300.300.280.280.300.320.310.320.330.320.320.320.310.340.37
Papua New Guinea0.090.090.090.090.090.090.090.100.100.100.100.090.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.110.110.110.110.120.120.120.120.12
Paraguay0.090.090.100.120.130.150.160.160.160.160.160.140.150.160.170.170.170.170.180.190.180.180.190.200.200.210.220.23
Peru0.490.450.520.570.580.630.660.700.720.700.660.730.750.790.790.760.710.690.730.820.830.790.730.680.660.640.680.71
Philippines0.840.880.950.820.810.770.670.510.400.300.340.350.340.340.320.320.330.330.340.350.350.350.370.380.390.420.420.44
Poland0.280.310.310.310.330.360.370.400.430.470.450.450.450.440.450.450.440.440.450.440.420.420.420.420.410.450.460.48
Portugal0.310.360.390.420.420.480.560.630.680.710.710.670.750.811.020.850.830.800.790.770.760.710.700.690.680.700.740.79
Puerto Rico0.570.700.921.332.153.143.614.394.944.674.804.914.333.753.323.172.902.592.322.091.781.731.491.361.281.181.481.63
Qatar1.381.491.651.812.082.861.771.230.850.620.490.450.340.280.230.260.220.210.180.180.190.200.210.230.260.230.230.24
Romania0.430.460.510.550.600.680.750.800.810.860.810.820.840.840.830.840.820.800.850.900.920.890.940.991.041.061.051.13
Russia2.372.573.114.114.754.624.314.014.134.815.305.285.325.656.026.936.606.216.075.395.354.824.664.604.684.424.304.42
Rwanda0.200.210.220.230.250.250.250.250.240.220.190.160.150.130.120.120.110.110.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.11
Saint Lucia0.160.180.200.220.300.370.410.480.510.510.510.510.510.510.500.480.470.450.430.420.430.430.440.470.490.560.620.66
Saint Thomas and Principe0.170.180.190.190.200.210.220.230.250.250.260.270.280.290.300.320.340.340.360.380.390.420.470.490.510.530.550.56
Saint Vincent and Grenadines0.230.270.320.370.420.500.510.570.610.630.660.710.680.650.610.600.580.560.550.530.540.550.550.580.600.610.690.74
Samoa0.190.190.190.190.190.200.200.190.190.190.180.170.170.160.160.160.160.160.150.150.160.160.160.160.160.170.170.18
Saudi Arabia0.170.180.200.210.230.250.270.290.320.350.390.390.450.460.400.380.390.460.510.550.600.650.710.770.830.890.951.01
Senegal0.300.300.310.320.330.340.350.370.380.390.390.400.400.400.410.420.420.420.420.420.420.430.440.460.470.480.490.50
Serbia0.370.350.390.390.400.420.440.460.390.420.480.500.490.530.600.640.660.690.710.680.600.560.550.530.550.550.550.55
Seychelles0.380.380.400.410.420.430.440.450.480.490.510.540.540.540.550.520.480.470.450.440.440.440.450.470.490.520.580.61
Sierra Leone0.290.290.300.300.310.320.320.340.350.360.360.370.390.390.400.410.420.430.440.450.470.480.500.510.530.550.570.59
Singapore0.090.090.100.100.110.100.100.100.100.090.090.090.090.100.110.130.150.150.150.140.150.170.170.180.180.200.190.20
Slovakia0.470.470.430.470.570.640.660.750.800.780.770.790.790.790.780.820.950.950.800.690.600.570.490.440.470.510.500.51
Slovenia0.190.190.220.260.280.330.380.420.430.500.530.570.610.610.620.620.640.720.770.750.710.660.650.680.600.680.690.70
Solomon Islands0.080.080.090.090.090.090.090.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.110.110.110.110.12
Somalia0.110.120.130.130.140.150.150.150.140.130.120.110.100.100.090.090.090.090.090.090.090.090.100.100.100.100.100.10
South Africa4.935.105.515.315.605.755.947.257.156.696.806.015.795.384.753.983.252.381.661.260.990.780.650.570.560.580.670.78
South Korea0.130.150.170.190.250.370.430.470.480.410.330.270.230.200.180.160.150.140.140.150.150.140.150.150.150.160.150.16
South Sudan0.080.090.090.090.100.100.100.100.100.090.080.070.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.060.06
Spain0.991.201.291.321.361.401.391.391.321.251.151.091.020.990.940.930.880.880.870.810.780.780.770.750.760.770.760.78
Sri Lanka0.450.340.290.240.230.190.240.540.650.730.780.730.690.680.670.670.610.610.580.510.480.500.490.450.490.510.540.56
Sudan0.310.330.340.350.370.380.400.410.420.440.450.470.480.490.510.520.540.550.570.590.610.640.660.690.720.750.780.81
Suriname0.230.260.290.370.430.490.590.680.730.750.780.800.780.760.720.700.680.660.640.620.610.610.610.630.640.720.770.80
Swaziland1.051.081.111.131.211.331.491.601.791.881.982.062.112.142.152.152.122.102.122.142.132.092.082.072.001.921.851.77
Sweden0.750.800.830.920.941.021.111.191.231.311.361.311.211.171.211.221.241.321.381.411.441.491.561.671.811.951.961.93
Switzerland3.573.853.933.944.033.723.433.303.022.712.432.061.541.261.101.101.151.131.121.091.000.950.930.940.930.930.960.99
Syria0.310.330.360.370.390.400.410.430.450.460.440.440.450.440.480.520.570.610.670.710.690.730.780.830.890.951.011.07
Taiwan0.400.410.400.410.380.330.300.270.240.220.210.210.200.220.250.290.330.370.490.540.580.660.710.740.830.890.950.97
Tajikistan0.130.130.140.130.140.150.140.130.130.130.140.140.150.160.180.190.200.220.220.230.240.250.250.250.260.270.270.28
Tanzania0.160.160.170.190.190.200.210.220.220.220.210.190.190.180.180.180.180.180.190.190.190.190.200.200.210.220.230.23
Thailand0.390.430.490.570.670.800.910.870.870.960.980.940.951.010.750.570.630.640.660.650.690.720.720.700.720.750.810.86
Timor Leste0.110.110.110.110.100.100.100.100.100.090.090.090.090.100.100.110.110.110.120.120.130.130.140.140.150.160.170.17
Togo0.340.360.390.420.450.470.500.540.570.590.610.630.650.680.690.710.730.740.780.800.830.850.870.890.920.940.971.00
Tonga0.120.130.130.130.130.130.140.150.150.160.160.160.170.170.180.180.180.190.190.200.200.210.210.220.230.230.240.25
Trinidad and Tobago0.150.150.130.140.140.130.140.130.160.230.240.310.370.440.470.480.480.520.560.530.510.500.510.550.570.590.620.63
Tunisia0.330.370.410.460.510.560.600.660.720.770.810.860.900.951.001.051.091.141.181.231.281.321.361.411.461.511.571.62
Turkey0.110.120.130.130.140.150.150.150.150.160.150.150.150.160.170.180.190.200.210.230.240.260.280.320.380.410.430.44
Turkmenistan0.160.140.150.160.190.200.240.280.340.450.560.640.760.891.031.161.211.181.120.970.910.910.910.950.980.991.061.08
Uganda0.070.070.080.080.090.100.100.110.110.110.110.110.100.100.100.100.100.100.090.100.100.100.100.100.110.110.110.11
Ukraine1.501.711.952.122.322.652.652.512.292.392.532.522.602.602.762.832.682.852.832.262.021.921.982.132.112.973.022.90
United Arab Emirates1.511.671.842.022.212.392.542.672.893.113.203.253.413.523.733.894.094.234.314.404.574.714.905.105.255.435.585.73
United Kingdom0.460.540.650.901.101.331.561.721.912.052.092.122.092.031.981.982.092.132.182.122.061.961.922.032.122.262.392.41
United States1.231.331.461.661.811.962.092.232.352.552.753.023.383.673.874.244.554.825.185.696.287.017.788.7810.0411.6413.8514.57
Uruguay0.240.230.260.290.310.330.350.380.400.430.410.410.390.410.440.450.460.500.500.490.510.530.530.520.510.520.580.62
Uzbekistan0.130.140.130.130.140.150.170.180.190.200.240.270.310.370.600.720.660.680.700.750.740.720.710.710.710.750.800.82
Vanuatu0.090.090.090.090.090.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.100.110.110.110.110.110.120.120.120.130.13
Venezuela0.200.220.250.260.280.310.330.340.350.350.350.360.360.360.310.310.330.390.450.470.440.470.520.520.520.540.570.59
Vietnam0.380.390.400.410.430.440.450.450.460.450.460.460.470.490.510.530.540.560.580.610.630.650.670.700.730.770.800.82
Virgin Islands (U.S.)0.570.620.680.740.820.870.860.930.910.910.910.930.920.880.850.840.840.840.830.820.830.840.850.941.001.061.101.14
West Bank and Gaza0.330.340.350.360.360.370.380.390.400.410.430.440.460.470.480.490.490.490.480.480.470.470.470.470.430.510.540.54
Yemen0.220.230.240.260.270.290.310.330.350.370.400.420.450.470.500.520.540.570.590.620.650.680.700.730.760.800.840.88
Zambia0.220.240.250.270.290.310.320.320.330.310.300.280.270.250.250.240.240.230.240.240.250.250.260.260.260.270.280.29
Zimbabwe0.190.190.200.220.250.320.350.410.490.580.700.790.910.951.011.041.051.041.021.000.960.910.880.860.860.870.880.89

Opioid dependence is a substance-related disorder involving a dysfunctional pattern of opioid use. Included in the GBD disease modelling were cases meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) or the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) diagnostic criteria for opioid dependence (DSM: 304.00; ICD: F11.2), excluding those cases due to a general medical condition. According to DSM-IV TR criteria, dependence involves a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress.

Source: Global Health Data Exchange