Country2007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Algeria0.980.980.740.510.270.030.050.230.230.13
Angola21,470.6621,470.6620,633.3919,796.1218,251.22
Argentina0.300.321.281.281.280.710.210.010.01
Armenia0.940.96
Australia2.99
Azerbaijan5.745.802.352.382.381.030.630.040.04
Bangladesh38.7740.862,059.971,906.901,906.90619.88392.01394.32394.32440.04
Benin12,172.5210,491.4837,229.5736,976.0436,976.0427,461.0728,228.7528,541.2328,853.7129,249.47
Bhutan102.5420.2220.226.54
Bolivia165.67225.81785.06788.93788.93177.14197.23104.80104.80100.36
Botswana1,245.441,267.23373.45361.76361.76232.87192.6929.9429.9445.05
Brazil254.20206.38729.86728.22728.22201.85219.57156.05156.05111.61
Brunei3.554.52
Burkina Faso11,894.4712,070.2645,784.3243,365.7243,365.7231,822.2331,924.2034,021.58
Burundi26,993.8526,526.1629,113.7527,784.8227,784.828,931.519,688.268,528.298,528.2912,942.76
Cape Verde11.7611.7668.8027.9722.2522.259.73
Cambodia505.38516.431,819.141,845.201,845.202,588.771,337.411,076.381,076.38502.34
Cameroon2,900.004,663.5330,670.4828,013.1228,013.1226,841.9924,202.5317,050.9817,050.9822,834.04
Chad4,767.864,540.7241,789.3539,920.3739,920.3737,881.4036,280.1326,509.9126,509.9113,983.90
Chile0.04
China3.121.997.557.527.521.970.910.490.490.00
Colombia260.29366.74881.97896.33896.33386.79405.64203.34203.34165.30
Congo (Kinshasa)28,045.98
Costa Rica29.9816.88210.87210.93210.9313.742.790.170.170.21
Ivory Coast2,348.2637,994.5437,161.9637,161.9638,557.1934,429.0720,665.5820,665.5837,459.76
Dominican Republic26.4614.7894.9488.8788.8741.7847.0212.6512.657.69
Ecuador224.20399.27235.25238.78238.7851.3815.159.644.132.52
Egypt0.06
El Salvador1.311.261.231.281.280.380.450.320.320.16
Ethiopia799.54807.9815,643.2815,311.0715,311.072,995.516,219.324,578.714,578.713,919.19
Gabon19,021.0922,715.0925,113.7525,113.7520,738.61
Gambia17,340.0010,030.7129,336.3928,224.4928,224.4928,225.9627,805.9929,030.4129,030.4122,819.20
Georgia6.206.991.881.871.870.19
Ghana16,399.5432,222.9131,650.8931,650.8926,354.5526,147.3627,201.2727,201.2730,985.64
Guatemala253.07253.171,089.461,078.711,078.71210.0280.2557.6857.6864.94
Guinea39,709.5637,575.0838,423.6838,423.68
Guyana3,773.333,682.467,713.117,848.137,848.133,786.616,036.327,920.857,920.85
Haiti2,580.021,871.541,277.801,277.80
Honduras146.70143.61456.08484.31484.31368.07272.93163.81163.81138.16
Hong Kong0.460.360.360.36
India167.18164.98951.28924.64924.641,862.161,946.181,536.361,536.361,312.45
Indonesia98.86103.901,116.651,100.231,100.231,374.822,250.572,268.452,268.451,611.29
Iran26.1426.147.162.911.221.220.01
Jamaica5.198.1811.1714.1614.16
Kazakhstan0.08
Kenya389.33387.6332,312.6831,027.8231,027.825,852.568,301.088,105.958,105.9514,488.37
South Korea2.322.3013.4913.4713.477.908.982.672.670.84
Kyrgyzstan1.909.197.097.157.150.090.07
Laos1,097.401,655.171,655.171,390.28
Liberia29,414.2027,023.2427,829.9428,636.6536,392.14
Libya0.20
Madagascar12,151.7211,673.563,366.273,355.903,355.903,999.823,556.915,831.195,831.195,090.85
Malawi23,639.8434,300.3933,363.4033,363.4031,168.8126,033.1327,661.6827,661.6820,964.04
Malaysia22.4525.4656.5955.9155.9170.7956.2133.5233.5211.04
Mali6,226.376,167.5331,061.0636,074.1236,074.1218,093.2223,225.4820,197.1620,197.1642,724.98
Mauritania5,979.395,617.5517,483.8818,382.0918,382.0915,494.9017,311.2017,649.5017,649.501,813.77
Mauritius1.831.78
Mexico3.253.748.769.009.002.821.260.830.830.43
Morocco0.240.24
Mozambique26,919.9226,193.8136,794.7535,441.2335,441.2332,977.9231,221.2227,774.0427,774.0434,170.73
Burma (Myanmar)3,154.952,651.652,651.65
Namibia22,204.0522,101.821,655.261,698.491,698.493,764.17128.9223.0223.02370.39
Nepal37.2835.33111.86112.10112.1060.4763.0861.8861.8849.69
Nicaragua122.52132.97103.94105.21105.2120.0322.1138.3938.3939.91
Nigeria2,103.612,026.6542,787.5239,736.3539,736.3536,059.5031,118.0228,430.3328,430.3333,243.93
Oman25.5229.20
Pakistan81.4882.30929.83931.31931.311,236.871,007.691,953.561,953.56810.62
Panama159.22283.43161.07161.68161.6835.5613.7826.3026.3021.46
Paraguay11.5724.0531.3132.7932.792.270.49
Peru292.18288.34781.02803.99803.99311.06264.44190.08190.08306.72
Philippines54.5653.47146.93143.92143.9267.9562.1823.7823.7816.14
Puerto Rico0.63
Rwanda34,352.0134,352.015,408.505,381.245,672.995,672.9911,462.28
Saudi Arabia7.127.655.856.096.090.250.120.350.350.16
Senegal11,925.0010,829.6712,238.1212,063.2812,063.2829,332.2223,652.2527,684.6427,684.6412,267.80
Sierra Leone32,096.3929,407.1418,398.5718,398.5739,584.35
South Africa29.8829.0068.3467.3767.3731.7734.5532.4532.4535.21
Sri Lanka55.0354.0015.5516.9216.9214.9310.550.380.38
Suriname566.86150.1678.57
Swaziland17.4817.4888.8532.4943.0543.05
Syria0.130.13
Tajikistan87.5584.4135.9435.7235.723.852.050.250.250.12
Tanzania3,000.0028,470.3829,589.4029,245.4229,245.4226,132.8421,897.6417,370.1617,370.1610,999.06
Thailand59.4858.65396.64405.11405.11260.73202.60209.63209.63187.52
Timor Leste3,441.2252,880.9947,481.5447,481.5427,941.9910,110.998,347.50
Trinidad and Tobago1.15
Turkey12.9312.961.651.661.660.140.010.030.050.06
Uganda47,842.6844,367.9535,541.5735,543.2435,543.2428,037.4428,011.9524,486.9724,486.9721,438.23
United Arab Emirates41.57
Uruguay1.59
Venezuela178.07123.55435.50435.64435.64301.77200.09287.10287.10430.05
Vietnam45.9745.5482.4481.5881.5857.6028.3829.7429.7424.89
Yemen3,233.882,380.251,802.751,779.791,756.82
Zambia18,964.0118,431.1030,715.9931,251.3131,251.3122,100.4824,518.2626,650.1926,650.1920,990.57
Zimbabwe9,562.359,797.5020,567.2120,367.8920,367.8911,645.6813,491.588,452.648,452.646,559.16

The impact of malaria on competitiveness depends not only on its incidence rates but also on how costly it is for business. Therefore, in order to estimate the impact, we combine its incidence rate with the Survey question on its perceived cost to businesses. To combine these data we first take the ratio of each country’s disease incidence rate relative to the highest incidence rate in the whole sample. The inverse of this ratio is then multiplied by each country’s score on the related Survey question. This product is then normalized to a 1-to-7 scale. Note that countries with zero reported incidence receive a 7, regardless of their scores on the related Survey question. In the case of malaria, countries receive a 7 if the World Health Organization (WHO) has classified them as malaria-free countries or included them in the supplementary list of areas where malaria has never existed or has disappeared without specific measures.

Source: World Economic Forum