Labor productivity per person employed

2018 U.S. dollars, PPP, 1951–2017

Info Edit
Country1951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Albania4.510.434.543.866.312.037.385.575.426.391.713.984.003.984.053.974.013.964.023.973.393.373.35-0.35-0.39-0.36-0.35-0.37-0.39-0.24-0.92-2.03-0.300.481.13-0.66-0.340.890.782.20-26.3119.0214.72-1.4911.1711.26-10.2711.0915.016.648.294.584.844.955.435.575.5411.952.384.39-2.150.205.680.90-2.40-3.562.20
Angola2.332.402.35-3.976.60-3.168.113.93-0.872.689.06-4.044.1210.386.714.123.71-2.472.205.78-1.020.115.41-6.32-39.19-11.440.902.691.043.41-3.46-6.18-4.72-0.97-0.98-10.359.6212.640.191.96-1.68-9.15-27.44-1.6511.7310.844.551.93-0.83-0.151.1410.541.567.4014.9517.7019.5310.36-1.45-0.410.471.553.080.97-0.72-3.390.10
Argentina2.29-6.583.742.505.461.393.744.72-7.716.385.81-2.84-3.638.927.77-0.541.442.997.234.083.862.145.092.75-1.52-0.323.24-5.265.311.12-5.96-4.660.43-0.29-7.294.240.49-3.79-7.03-2.607.128.546.991.891.633.570.43-0.21-4.29-0.94-2.21-5.643.611.693.782.565.562.19-6.397.923.38-3.071.54-3.950.58-3.571.67
Armenia2.052.05-0.162.442.20-0.86-5.38-5.558.53-8.90-13.87-38.36-12.139.368.858.178.169.016.287.5510.6031.2513.9313.1212.4413.7612.815.41-11.93-6.065.607.344.055.878.86-0.561.83
Australia2.60-0.711.474.523.771.790.693.884.871.060.403.763.183.142.02-0.793.513.363.202.472.040.393.201.972.332.680.142.192.92-0.533.071.08-0.642.811.55-0.472.360.930.180.02-0.054.143.491.820.162.032.853.471.971.060.321.600.761.810.35-0.421.38-0.090.400.670.492.211.171.580.480.820.54
Austria6.910.154.4210.2911.126.955.113.362.397.324.732.904.796.183.576.514.755.836.496.913.975.433.442.610.384.233.51-0.784.941.500.543.063.090.472.042.261.292.802.902.472.181.641.072.423.032.001.462.522.042.400.631.750.102.070.941.581.75-0.35-3.381.201.23-0.30-0.21-0.290.320.150.79
Azerbaijan3.463.461.243.411.310.662.304.81-9.25-10.75-1.46-22.39-22.94-17.84-12.590.498.665.8011.366.196.187.819.888.3925.0632.9123.459.407.863.57-0.960.564.030.98-0.39-4.300.30
Bahrain3.623.623.603.653.593.663.633.583.643.673.403.383.523.453.483.383.563.413.493.832.430.18-0.41-0.11-17.985.351.49-1.85-8.39-0.08-2.741.993.110.52-4.15-2.11-2.84-1.48-2.31-4.43-1.695.905.150.76-0.421.610.623.32-3.312.51-2.85-7.42-1.70-6.13-9.132.190.79-14.11-0.27-0.50-0.731.915.154.482.171.810.77
Bangladesh0.351.860.370.89-6.279.35-3.14-2.964.244.614.49-1.639.37-0.073.710.14-3.298.070.254.23-3.60-11.041.678.421.96-0.502.163.31-3.93-1.381.52-1.062.172.58-0.86-1.381.94-0.571.471.27-1.022.870.931.471.812.163.223.043.453.751.961.802.784.815.196.123.582.612.473.174.833.863.674.294.524.834.76
Barbados6.256.256.256.256.256.256.256.256.256.255.703.922.826.552.596.919.9913.369.5310.071.68-0.91-0.84-6.70-4.01-2.724.794.90-4.213.35-2.88-1.961.556.942.200.720.511.43-3.18-1.46-0.15-0.731.81-8.60-1.65-1.342.910.31-2.091.27-3.902.391.35-0.142.488.100.171.20-1.031.06-0.062.68-0.880.89-1.461.611.67
Belarus3.640.914.642.840.672.260.96-0.936.03-2.491.12-7.18-6.38-9.32-5.213.8311.307.292.765.725.235.898.0011.987.268.627.488.03-0.556.455.623.411.732.38-2.66-2.042.11
Belgium5.28-1.162.813.724.342.511.150.974.023.014.083.553.685.543.112.814.364.264.876.113.035.485.192.670.126.221.032.761.414.620.602.741.322.500.530.851.612.742.011.931.491.66-0.313.660.771.333.010.222.151.59-0.551.970.862.630.641.361.72-1.04-2.122.040.42-0.300.271.220.55-0.100.50
Bolivia8.114.05-8.563.116.31-4.70-2.033.720.995.620.694.144.983.393.445.724.767.003.003.691.542.794.522.844.134.002.151.31-2.00-2.98-1.50-4.41-6.55-3.22-4.46-4.97-0.345.61-2.16-1.180.49-1.811.59-1.291.841.182.183.46-1.69-0.77-0.13-0.210.34-2.033.331.701.262.021.72-0.56-0.321.884.573.312.512.031.83
Brazil1.933.061.933.664.33-1.415.255.965.275.185.013.60-1.390.85-0.523.571.346.065.826.854.054.960.295.302.566.50-4.601.729.1110.13-8.23-4.59-4.491.710.495.09-0.20-3.571.18-6.500.79-0.543.774.283.354.421.780.87-4.641.310.63-0.79-0.490.740.241.164.393.81-0.995.822.470.511.42-2.29-3.99-1.810.54
Bulgaria19.97-5.0510.65-2.366.63-0.4110.058.167.438.936.037.724.097.395.527.404.891.374.395.212.874.343.552.747.812.60-1.341.773.45-3.241.342.44-2.203.45-3.012.35-0.12-0.200.53-5.105.300.910.091.171.65-11.462.054.54-1.777.504.565.692.143.754.313.424.043.58-1.915.414.212.601.300.963.262.932.44
Burkina Faso2.502.372.332.382.432.462.322.512.291.673.966.10-1.302.283.800.458.763.071.950.182.913.02-6.23-2.87-5.23-1.966.0110.550.020.642.07-0.09-3.35-0.6510.5612.92-4.295.24-4.13-3.825.59-2.841.40-2.152.578.003.224.354.14-1.023.252.223.692.086.151.371.912.52-0.355.063.343.182.290.820.541.982.53
Ivory Coast1.641.611.571.621.671.621.651.671.616.795.060.3311.8613.28-6.033.69-2.5311.070.326.520.951.453.73-1.10-3.967.650.665.66-2.063.550.43-2.77-6.74-6.171.81-0.06-4.51-4.72-4.25-11.08-4.49-3.73-3.52-3.652.035.103.13-1.67-1.19-4.69-1.67-3.41-3.02-0.46-0.09-0.57-0.420.250.83-0.52-6.787.456.235.725.824.645.33
Cambodia0.903.72-1.428.93-4.4610.624.182.507.113.40-3.185.705.10-4.902.412.172.762.16-0.80-11.63-4.85-5.2536.40-14.40-13.157.258.039.492.142.15-1.784.513.943.543.162.75-4.88-0.53-0.56-2.935.113.770.295.833.121.780.910.207.785.712.942.814.905.738.316.276.002.82-0.591.754.685.095.555.225.015.005.27
Cameroon2.592.552.522.572.612.562.592.612.561.640.021.862.512.380.833.461.575.293.721.831.172.51-0.302.633.300.123.843.623.598.2814.635.344.805.606.703.35-8.31-7.80-12.03-4.54-7.00-6.19-6.32-5.70-1.265.94-0.890.520.231.09-2.83-5.80-3.00-5.65-6.18-6.406.96-10.65-6.08-3.80-1.801.662.592.902.921.632.12
Canada3.026.434.130.098.063.651.634.892.373.492.694.402.812.962.292.961.215.122.062.693.771.922.12-0.941.194.031.450.95-0.23-1.700.220.222.133.092.09-0.471.251.690.00-0.46-0.451.922.192.481.060.622.131.582.542.870.560.51-0.541.351.730.75-0.49-0.92-1.411.631.510.570.941.930.130.680.71
Chile3.255.316.40-4.262.630.498.974.25-6.776.983.203.164.720.68-0.779.361.591.832.191.404.92-4.94-6.643.91-9.471.985.257.346.302.094.21-7.19-8.771.38-3.880.302.691.244.991.585.885.970.814.227.565.245.062.260.663.532.141.240.184.521.804.532.110.59-0.91-0.741.113.78-1.450.510.660.480.82
China17.792.063.679.680.669.4612.102.71-15.23-6.854.4713.1014.124.77-8.11-6.158.0712.114.183.215.630.635.24-3.367.2511.019.108.354.235.099.3016.4720.8110.9014.0021.1311.14-6.088.0313.0212.6911.8710.048.618.016.736.787.687.478.539.459.4811.0712.6414.2810.049.5210.599.407.997.937.447.187.026.86
Colombia1.174.344.154.961.841.841.480.364.961.952.432.790.703.520.851.800.722.572.812.882.554.223.312.36-3.091.40-0.495.492.341.92-2.35-0.751.442.530.532.330.120.28-1.531.34-4.422.61-0.321.250.431.231.260.46-2.77-3.410.392.31-1.114.991.959.734.431.47-2.66-0.271.000.653.123.40-0.241.02-0.10
Costa Rica0.279.4812.55-1.498.83-5.365.709.451.005.680.972.875.251.665.454.032.433.962.942.582.384.493.531.64-3.281.083.562.571.92-1.73-2.37-9.34-2.242.06-2.781.830.25-0.641.031.382.404.891.29-0.100.912.07-2.220.542.651.40-1.961.751.073.26-2.574.202.473.290.866.296.60-3.510.971.665.337.202.76
Croatia-2.68-1.54-2.680.63-2.09-0.01-2.08-0.68-1.18-4.13-13.610.32-6.328.318.105.877.934.552.817.912.924.401.612.563.430.89-4.11-1.70-6.702.143.781.401.72-3.150.131.020.99
Cyprus-3.218.508.720.742.399.685.02-3.934.69-8.509.997.905.12-10.4721.145.0412.463.568.212.0611.425.441.15-18.05-20.1216.364.133.365.090.980.454.192.775.260.922.883.813.344.214.900.354.890.703.975.680.801.943.612.934.001.411.28-1.080.580.092.610.380.33-1.800.840.290.03-0.030.24-0.180.110.27
Czech Republic5.415.344.374.375.343.743.153.550.821.45-0.32-1.751.321.531.702.411.981.921.826.10-8.33-1.840.301.805.463.750.031.443.675.163.331.014.435.154.425.463.370.52-3.093.362.28-1.21-0.802.153.110.612.47
Denmark-0.491.943.401.061.381.767.371.915.390.904.813.92-0.597.152.681.003.413.314.490.802.713.262.46-0.250.324.671.870.622.360.150.672.562.442.901.951.14-0.461.660.601.632.372.821.663.262.401.891.870.792.082.99-0.160.391.303.230.901.61-1.38-1.69-1.814.281.370.950.970.660.35-0.400.44
Dominican Republic9.035.47-3.713.113.547.323.692.73-1.912.32-5.9612.602.482.64-15.769.12-0.55-3.606.746.416.498.207.921.850.922.780.98-1.470.452.180.58-1.660.87-3.15-5.85-0.523.85-2.758.90-8.00-1.63-1.196.742.995.504.102.81-1.793.443.533.112.240.00-2.327.034.576.000.303.443.64-0.810.513.932.944.073.603.76
Congo (Kinshasa)9.496.973.573.951.824.651.12-4.801.440.26-13.1218.202.61-4.90-1.514.11-3.461.706.59-2.723.94-2.166.191.06-7.15-7.88-1.78-7.82-2.42-0.25-0.19-2.96-1.132.93-2.052.110.12-1.94-3.15-4.85-11.49-13.92-16.91-9.48-0.55-4.48-10.14-6.10-6.21-10.69-4.670.092.483.502.812.243.022.88-0.513.693.583.745.065.973.22-1.024.37
Ecuador-0.7910.260.216.080.731.782.581.023.414.520.263.000.294.697.220.162.773.002.944.441.541.937.991.631.066.052.823.421.931.11-0.08-2.93-6.01-0.070.07-1.06-9.91-38.52-5.55-3.21-4.36-1.433.622.44-4.611.84-1.570.35-6.95-3.40-4.3910.540.63-0.994.400.782.165.57-1.973.205.801.711.982.63-4.98-6.50-3.02
Egypt0.000.06-0.060.000.062.902.862.902.922.9311.58-0.872.364.326.553.801.531.052.136.284.114.28-6.311.014.8313.4818.494.856.60-4.7314.725.842.106.607.681.10-2.303.14-1.190.11-1.382.061.950.731.39-0.22-1.921.522.134.471.612.955.26-1.831.122.59-7.222.18-0.511.50-2.80-0.140.973.591.841.361.19
Estonia3.002.873.061.96-0.421.621.224.997.22-6.40-7.37-8.66-0.601.7713.567.8611.746.113.779.625.736.095.176.726.945.147.55-5.23-5.047.580.982.640.172.04-1.391.282.11
Ethiopia1.111.134.03-1.653.631.61-2.371.611.033.423.041.7410.802.403.291.371.72-0.911.213.081.132.010.31-1.66-2.52-0.03-0.13-3.552.790.71-1.41-2.280.94-5.98-8.953.496.20-0.94-1.03-3.82-8.84-10.822.235.122.555.364.95-2.13-2.291.752.792.68-2.501.757.696.906.114.834.705.297.607.594.596.416.075.223.75
Finland7.562.45-0.187.814.182.123.01-1.029.596.065.613.542.905.104.102.214.023.658.005.232.786.654.742.691.610.492.103.054.672.350.602.102.322.393.202.703.523.854.680.50-0.304.005.575.402.392.202.733.501.903.381.120.591.853.341.202.192.99-1.47-6.013.711.28-2.28-0.05-0.150.610.810.62
France5.432.243.274.634.913.755.212.753.416.865.596.734.415.534.544.274.334.685.344.314.353.813.991.990.083.462.812.172.520.941.142.261.292.011.641.881.623.372.271.690.802.250.441.821.060.811.531.760.951.290.520.640.822.650.911.270.94-0.27-1.841.841.28-0.150.310.170.800.520.91
Georgia4.304.304.646.584.94-1.02-1.448.52-0.95-15.76-13.44-30.10-21.79-8.133.817.6710.349.832.83-3.342.437.8212.647.7011.979.3015.428.93-6.798.074.902.654.122.640.862.683.84
Germany6.906.845.684.437.645.063.843.686.236.883.034.032.755.974.563.182.735.215.273.622.543.763.581.561.355.002.642.002.53-0.140.24-0.202.602.531.501.160.902.672.32-2.627.283.270.352.421.310.791.910.760.360.681.970.450.380.820.732.891.49-0.23-5.703.762.27-0.66-0.140.800.790.610.80
Ghana1.07-4.3210.969.74-8.813.210.63-4.1411.574.661.523.69-0.283.710.13-0.47-2.020.00-1.341.751.66-4.95-5.900.95-15.93-4.57-4.924.63-1.35-5.80-2.16-7.12-7.93-0.15-0.272.220.622.652.522.058.022.472.452.142.602.721.872.672.312.811.952.092.802.891.932.661.093.692.592.683.975.094.441.371.621.774.41
Greece4.24-3.518.93-1.213.053.985.943.853.393.878.344.8011.739.6410.167.076.777.9610.248.066.8011.882.89-3.735.945.102.616.272.560.35-4.891.49-0.092.990.591.27-0.372.743.46-1.274.95-0.73-2.410.131.193.454.90-0.483.043.583.761.444.352.59-0.333.771.90-1.59-3.76-3.00-2.42-1.05-0.640.31-0.73-1.260.63
Guatemala-0.470.201.75-0.020.577.083.682.732.990.542.001.257.132.332.063.001.606.172.213.191.373.072.532.14-2.113.824.231.511.240.31-3.08-1.30-1.07-3.03-0.47-0.19-2.10-1.88-1.750.640.171.020.28-0.283.42-0.60-0.591.00-0.47-1.44-1.292.15-0.74-0.71-3.40-1.185.582.20-0.462.321.57-9.198.91-0.881.13-0.720.13
Hong Kong-9.715.805.685.735.585.284.894.564.223.923.2213.7312.015.1010.82-1.53-1.550.037.735.693.016.808.41-1.74-4.0913.287.584.367.192.591.402.714.826.57-1.067.4410.686.362.733.944.176.853.823.381.21-1.432.15-4.622.844.49-0.802.673.836.085.334.874.351.28-1.336.491.89-0.471.112.191.051.441.10
Hungary7.171.640.552.597.54-5.988.565.682.634.876.173.974.694.540.674.914.360.852.61-0.718.361.624.842.331.960.346.532.420.161.67-3.364.26-0.283.35-1.962.201.911.98-1.89-5.32-6.895.776.205.051.89-0.073.152.620.393.193.944.593.836.024.693.410.312.91-4.171.781.74-1.761.01-0.750.85-0.213.01
Iceland-3.6310.432.308.258.743.88-0.106.083.403.88-2.146.638.192.522.555.94-0.84-6.431.703.777.653.533.942.14-1.002.288.512.953.772.36-0.48-0.89-2.602.66-0.322.982.652.951.632.10-0.17-3.371.542.78-2.784.647.162.320.342.612.141.792.318.653.26-0.144.660.72-0.80-3.211.990.200.950.320.703.271.16
India0.721.384.672.520.824.17-2.635.960.545.341.121.404.126.76-4.820.017.301.695.754.19-2.03-3.311.55-1.945.64-1.814.462.21-7.824.003.530.725.712.462.512.662.678.184.262.76-0.972.803.045.066.336.933.215.215.063.281.861.734.324.048.629.819.677.906.128.245.943.594.765.135.394.994.86
Indonesia5.983.293.534.771.33-0.075.37-4.932.862.814.61-1.94-5.591.80-0.85-1.81-4.057.7510.268.512.848.2410.480.39-5.232.175.55-2.437.057.452.38-10.323.264.17-1.98-3.241.852.657.655.418.113.687.033.8210.820.783.08-13.74-0.513.782.543.543.474.015.433.841.584.692.393.104.754.943.733.304.701.833.73
Iran-1.68-1.69-1.59-1.69-1.697.0512.049.786.757.855.94-0.438.414.749.657.468.6812.3610.337.9910.6214.955.576.203.119.97-3.73-13.60-11.82-15.34-5.0512.529.350.48-0.17-10.39-4.23-7.641.154.808.037.60-4.25-3.91-0.984.301.140.73-1.71-0.821.622.735.262.410.902.514.253.061.217.250.78-6.43-5.003.01-1.333.182.76
Iraq6.237.9637.1616.07-6.354.42-3.318.971.758.998.592.22-4.389.086.232.53-4.8814.680.68-3.002.94-6.6313.222.1413.0816.67-0.3914.6119.25-5.15-20.52-3.71-11.34-2.66-4.42-3.91-0.13-23.42-11.48-4.14-61.6826.69-3.20-9.25-12.489.56-7.8311.054.466.595.483.54-12.2646.24-12.291.87-1.813.370.172.913.669.613.20-3.351.547.04-6.19
Ireland3.913.924.092.274.000.043.63-0.594.846.135.272.284.143.431.931.186.497.965.723.932.297.823.252.816.482.314.886.01-1.944.033.632.690.646.313.540.184.045.185.943.921.973.220.802.704.975.324.89-0.224.125.202.853.941.783.220.811.19-0.55-3.773.556.350.51-0.52-1.386.671.852.431.26
Israel24.530.00-5.2614.138.864.404.192.767.982.177.386.377.066.295.92-2.13-0.7711.609.006.207.217.030.586.521.850.04-2.760.163.895.763.030.380.35-0.584.223.334.45-1.430.334.37-1.402.80-2.210.154.411.871.461.520.264.64-0.92-0.97-0.043.480.772.911.85-0.57-0.632.532.01-1.581.650.330.231.280.53
Italy6.776.606.093.775.864.185.444.986.085.007.748.118.934.264.806.975.808.426.481.771.863.195.053.09-2.225.432.573.394.512.060.560.250.892.571.852.142.862.772.180.56-0.331.571.883.863.090.671.510.600.461.73-0.19-1.41-1.300.970.390.040.23-1.26-3.882.340.26-2.510.060.050.11-0.380.48
Jamaica7.387.3813.3210.799.619.2513.860.954.925.881.960.922.386.967.113.482.974.226.5212.340.333.347.22-8.04-2.42-6.34-3.12-1.62-0.19-7.95-1.701.190.80-5.55-5.00-3.174.65-0.305.743.720.052.442.210.00-1.740.55-1.23-1.002.810.880.64-7.570.631.13-2.16-0.56-2.02-0.650.191.341.06-0.88-0.35-1.16-0.02-1.570.76
Japan10.209.355.214.325.235.434.555.418.1910.5510.497.547.5510.234.158.428.9811.0311.639.543.977.855.65-0.813.353.593.634.815.032.783.062.871.354.304.683.244.455.784.264.482.440.670.521.382.913.651.251.022.144.411.441.791.902.021.231.101.24-0.54-3.924.750.202.131.59-0.130.940.101.20
Jordan1.521.371.391.39-9.3231.29-1.875.292.871.7913.79-2.97-0.2610.945.30-2.864.40-9.043.02-15.61-0.040.902.876.454.5421.524.1218.296.6516.33-0.841.69-3.422.84-2.003.28-2.74-6.28-15.33-5.43-12.798.34-1.95-4.93-5.07-2.260.610.381.293.455.564.581.862.576.103.21-1.082.47-0.98-0.770.490.152.39-0.780.69-0.360.55
Kazakhstan-2.77-2.773.26-1.91-0.490.28-1.866.80-4.47-2.65-10.19-3.52-3.57-5.31-8.251.082.551.003.217.965.079.644.976.608.508.575.650.330.614.515.072.465.215.04-0.131.910.81
Kenya19.82-12.53-4.089.835.803.811.61-0.560.772.16-4.852.762.436.99-1.3810.052.564.573.584.932.182.712.07-0.19-2.830.275.765.84-0.182.07-0.472.90-3.02-1.310.613.672.593.100.480.92-2.21-4.77-4.10-2.44-1.66-0.90-3.76-0.98-1.63-2.801.14-2.190.480.662.833.083.33-2.931.505.803.691.162.352.011.662.312.48
Kuwait-0.22-2.431.192.55-5.79-1.17-4.67-3.411.530.05-6.133.76-1.952.16-4.904.50-4.731.74-4.4247.490.83-0.91-10.75-16.83-15.19-4.45-12.70-2.733.07-26.97-23.83-17.101.33-1.13-10.091.79-9.85-2.711.12-24.65-39.8991.3643.6214.672.51-6.42-3.121.581.157.250.49-4.4410.112.17-0.25-4.18-6.32-2.47-9.78-9.526.531.97-0.50-3.41-2.820.10-1.90
Kyrgyzstan-1.64-1.644.21-1.05-6.07-3.87-4.069.250.751.76-8.22-17.65-4.98-18.05-5.256.447.511.160.195.204.20-3.422.593.75-4.312.175.676.041.40-1.714.37-0.4412.042.225.532.730.74
Latvia1.881.891.202.34-2.451.99-1.024.185.860.64-11.85-29.74-3.613.07-4.821.794.336.924.499.094.765.577.768.079.725.805.91-2.790.013.084.802.520.323.521.492.202.49
Lithuania3.413.760.370.54-3.762.951.187.63-1.07-3.12-6.05-20.23-12.44-3.676.984.187.648.311.098.4510.733.038.137.736.927.748.874.00-7.727.335.552.032.151.460.530.462.35
Luxembourg-7.087.501.480.625.164.585.081.632.293.632.881.053.885.921.040.661.344.578.29-0.33-0.523.796.311.41-7.702.661.634.691.810.150.70-0.183.315.591.955.26-0.397.176.20-1.974.48-0.922.371.10-1.20-1.182.241.593.522.79-3.010.90-0.211.230.391.303.78-5.77-5.352.99-0.40-2.712.122.991.361.151.81
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)-2.42-2.41-5.420.69-3.193.30-5.69-2.872.04-8.83-3.35-2.09-2.133.619.345.937.170.450.433.08-0.93-1.642.0912.03-0.190.503.39-2.26-4.577.220.91-1.63-2.531.231.520.621.60
Madagascar2.392.362.322.372.412.372.402.422.360.090.330.56-2.642.23-2.160.333.754.981.993.451.59-3.49-4.76-0.27-1.02-5.250.09-4.827.36-1.48-10.96-4.33-1.76-6.11-0.34-1.86-0.41-1.011.381.22-9.33-3.68-2.53-1.23-3.09-1.571.491.731.474.222.65-15.415.910.590.182.594.163.01-9.44-3.94-1.87-0.40-1.010.130.121.211.45
Malawi2.152.082.102.11-0.306.222.121.661.530.672.42-2.43-4.11-4.7810.787.609.23-2.903.74-0.3010.077.384.903.371.912.562.684.291.26-10.16-7.49-2.30-0.781.704.04-3.93-0.19-3.43-0.500.145.75-8.4610.19-10.6813.068.353.76-0.242.480.42-4.550.485.371.610.134.074.691.912.460.521.77-1.242.312.07-0.38-1.231.32
Malaysia-7.352.75-1.474.26-1.283.98-2.48-1.944.785.194.202.972.073.594.462.32-0.925.983.053.373.793.9710.764.04-2.488.854.535.294.624.531.182.272.065.64-2.55-0.611.365.775.364.728.923.884.907.248.020.125.20-7.693.273.61-0.433.342.285.614.293.223.653.64-3.66-1.531.991.840.833.493.353.612.10
Mali1.861.831.881.751.891.841.871.811.910.99-1.15-1.224.842.89-0.372.381.461.91-2.264.291.803.46-4.01-4.0212.0311.755.08-4.2622.05-13.17-4.95-7.282.702.690.594.600.23-1.788.39-0.890.95-3.946.610.43-4.815.20-2.964.415.29-4.5811.77-0.462.612.63-0.60-1.82-2.34-3.65-3.50-3.610.01-3.64-0.215.072.551.831.43
Malta4.765.245.004.783.1411.501.516.492.126.06-1.98-5.31-1.330.925.639.495.738.775.1811.320.293.611.957.7217.0414.559.828.828.164.793.706.48-0.710.341.251.70-2.035.707.215.443.603.643.964.381.882.184.985.344.038.08-1.132.702.940.072.490.341.710.78-2.501.78-1.510.080.753.003.501.300.87
Mexico6.502.81-0.878.747.195.376.073.851.556.541.031.694.547.933.192.992.933.922.903.13-1.172.932.850.67-0.50-0.01-0.773.282.891.875.22-3.97-4.71-0.60-2.05-6.73-1.60-2.190.461.481.030.00-1.281.18-4.941.701.142.021.503.00-0.84-2.140.590.822.391.501.45-0.86-3.65-2.863.39-0.460.762.580.350.991.06
Moldova4.085.973.762.10-10.056.52-0.201.356.20-2.71-17.46-28.3119.98-30.61-0.96-5.142.50-6.316.140.767.277.3818.3310.627.269.953.837.49-0.6710.944.081.527.013.72-1.942.632.06
Morocco0.580.580.580.580.58-2.01-2.01-2.00-2.01-2.0115.34-10.64-0.308.691.9113.39-0.80-9.0512.593.040.02-0.045.440.071.50-3.004.60-5.042.312.707.89-6.493.922.55-2.30-5.779.52-3.520.344.09-1.4015.491.58-6.5512.67-8.547.35-3.474.012.64-1.790.14-3.13-0.014.32-2.546.98-2.11-6.292.750.023.303.411.864.180.182.63
Mozambique1.701.781.660.574.33-1.250.462.953.570.641.014.95-5.312.430.421.364.939.229.883.444.230.733.10-9.81-18.18-7.10-1.63-1.69-1.010.321.73-2.82-7.25-2.80-9.091.383.505.623.931.384.06-10.863.960.96-2.4324.707.327.994.09-1.869.965.463.325.336.267.836.704.484.074.565.244.695.067.102.47-0.053.94
Burma (Myanmar)13.571.311.74-7.0212.055.704.98-3.5814.512.430.786.971.170.140.88-5.721.154.862.452.841.21-1.26-1.623.202.083.983.872.532.336.323.263.321.452.670.80-3.27-6.33-13.082.258.32-2.336.863.364.674.143.592.833.177.7111.069.169.9611.8911.7911.8211.3910.392.353.583.824.045.736.856.615.844.816.79
Netherlands1.722.456.743.985.492.102.260.643.826.39-1.154.752.236.424.341.965.595.44-0.414.103.163.903.983.27-0.023.902.621.030.10-0.65-0.060.342.622.451.180.39-0.710.791.941.030.510.300.832.250.851.461.182.102.122.370.16-0.570.853.241.471.330.720.07-2.942.100.79-0.861.001.661.011.110.67
New Zealand-8.510.892.1111.300.273.320.862.235.40-1.573.45-0.124.762.033.202.54-7.30-0.269.91-3.802.393.075.001.73-4.231.24-5.01-5.491.620.096.650.923.024.06-2.471.090.093.024.07-0.97-0.490.502.832.29-0.270.562.351.462.842.09-0.271.772.000.78-0.390.402.16-1.172.141.490.462.320.57-0.670.86-0.63-0.24
Niger2.252.222.182.232.282.232.262.282.304.942.278.567.92-1.535.61-3.02-1.35-1.01-4.721.223.57-7.05-18.666.57-4.68-1.325.6111.205.042.77-0.68-3.03-3.65-18.45-0.122.66-5.363.68-3.43-5.45-1.36-8.30-5.11-0.94-8.73-1.77-3.787.61-3.52-6.041.452.152.40-3.474.862.22-0.785.96-4.254.51-1.437.811.283.02-0.270.671.49
Nigeria4.784.45-0.244.660.01-4.781.47-3.631.731.830.873.184.44-0.271.52-5.28-12.67-2.3220.4823.3711.422.456.4011.03-7.386.17-0.20-5.156.77-3.79-11.96-2.12-3.57-0.048.111.43-3.245.753.932.54-3.08-0.39-1.14-1.79-0.231.21-0.16-0.91-3.416.036.2011.779.103.094.173.493.954.155.628.354.221.492.433.65-2.72-7.99-1.69
Norway5.443.554.005.072.235.362.941.054.294.754.872.263.404.684.383.365.622.153.600.374.243.903.672.853.472.441.441.723.052.47-0.310.163.845.112.360.310.010.523.922.984.153.782.093.642.042.942.30-0.031.082.581.731.052.143.291.32-0.97-1.17-2.76-1.171.15-0.530.68-0.080.691.350.910.80
Oman4.474.474.454.504.434.514.474.434.494.35-1.3017.251.95-2.33-2.002.6962.1977.5122.630.96-2.695.18-17.446.5918.676.51-11.28-8.59-6.63-8.41-1.750.31-7.412.169.1210.5618.11-8.240.58-5.78-14.00-7.28-6.38-3.49-12.9026.313.322.220.492.20-1.90-4.8217.72-3.92-0.37-9.54-12.98-9.43-2.47-3.69-12.93-4.25-8.54-7.84-4.040.35-0.05
Pakistan-4.68-1.087.990.820.821.462.86-0.07-0.383.393.814.974.015.262.235.851.544.714.218.03-2.91-0.183.270.691.371.380.124.08-0.237.995.535.164.391.806.466.10-0.385.371.611.489.950.54-0.571.424.113.29-4.09-1.861.654.370.400.113.963.024.47-2.871.69-0.73-1.210.05-0.640.313.104.843.592.642.45
Peru5.412.843.990.525.072.232.57-1.90-1.7011.317.015.612.835.134.826.512.15-2.810.763.220.11-0.901.290.985.36-1.36-2.04-1.993.670.910.57-2.98-17.551.01-0.391.354.56-8.73-14.24-7.79-4.27-0.731.716.632.14-0.974.15-4.57-1.26-1.92-0.751.823.952.136.053.894.218.38-1.273.504.554.223.291.372.252.052.07
Philippines7.583.145.804.423.853.934.18-2.024.973.34-2.450.462.82-1.767.82-1.870.375.406.902.64-2.210.613.930.313.658.073.36-2.97-0.454.76-1.491.51-2.98-8.96-9.70-0.322.594.882.801.63-3.62-2.97-0.761.682.05-0.038.46-1.57-1.055.51-3.120.523.013.402.514.203.682.54-1.664.720.445.535.614.753.072.414.42
Poland3.261.184.644.503.712.303.334.181.323.666.53-3.234.033.502.843.95-0.513.69-3.024.235.224.715.274.023.962.641.310.78-2.53-3.11-5.791.565.223.430.192.88-1.022.90-1.43-5.68-1.213.586.314.155.114.163.783.255.577.143.545.224.783.961.312.912.430.432.456.434.431.491.461.532.292.102.81
Portugal3.60-0.726.073.913.243.486.58-2.114.695.325.356.946.256.907.764.598.219.572.765.764.768.5612.05-5.52-8.615.435.013.074.352.331.142.19-4.57-1.633.283.963.664.742.822.110.392.211.371.612.881.791.761.932.311.550.190.380.032.541.231.152.48-0.17-0.263.370.120.061.79-0.510.20-0.220.82
Qatar-0.29-2.501.112.47-5.79-1.25-4.69-3.541.50-2.76-10.35-6.97-4.55-7.47-3.9421.558.313.20-4.44-9.2413.883.198.56-15.90-3.871.72-15.033.96-2.62-1.75-22.80-27.45-19.54-14.34-13.23-17.860.32-0.32-0.89-2.04-4.327.01-5.322.112.244.6610.775.93-0.708.233.230.21-7.020.88-1.7813.73-24.34-16.593.7017.7112.97-0.86-9.02-2.01-13.420.971.77
Romania6.456.446.456.456.453.653.653.653.653.656.212.986.655.795.6810.854.041.594.071.7313.856.092.675.103.654.331.902.992.59-0.02-0.86-0.41-1.173.56-0.980.96-2.44-1.56-8.38-8.87-8.933.205.377.0211.677.39-5.620.960.833.196.7217.095.5710.195.787.326.478.45-5.20-0.531.885.734.452.304.865.824.30
Russia5.445.632.294.753.775.344.554.450.916.622.771.486.362.162.651.671.670.49-0.392.060.75-0.111.75-1.212.422.12-0.281.430.59-2.16-3.10-12.39-7.13-9.68-1.15-2.893.22-4.025.649.364.343.806.696.485.817.577.144.52-6.484.393.823.021.380.51-3.88-0.352.12
Saudi Arabia6.614.258.119.570.665.591.853.208.488.179.139.196.046.139.3811.736.136.255.036.70-0.81-3.664.0414.79-7.70-5.638.65-0.69-2.633.37-6.422.73-13.75-10.06-16.72-10.289.40-4.273.965.655.83-0.22-1.010.521.340.58-0.181.33-1.823.41-2.84-4.534.141.50-0.40-2.70-1.203.16-3.99-5.13-0.130.81-0.570.500.33-0.53-1.16
Senegal1.871.831.801.851.891.841.871.901.840.291.960.771.310.371.190.31-3.643.67-8.815.87-4.821.40-9.230.150.443.54-6.22-8.381.55-7.58-5.218.91-1.17-8.58-0.57-0.41-1.82-0.05-6.48-0.11-2.08-0.210.73-0.953.090.540.932.003.860.261.67-1.694.472.582.22-0.711.620.49-0.910.85-1.630.720.020.802.212.772.70
Singapore1.612.272.830.571.80-0.420.33-0.42-4.634.975.333.946.78-6.214.487.968.6510.6310.4510.484.565.924.623.562.532.603.051.942.124.101.260.675.206.983.136.415.294.834.123.772.633.748.056.141.961.242.07-4.886.574.65-4.335.715.717.752.972.120.41-7.23-3.2611.562.32-0.100.86-0.19-0.210.970.40
Slovakia2.311.350.941.21-1.71-7.180.007.188.227.664.587.174.502.393.232.724.434.295.505.066.248.532.33-3.536.661.031.612.291.151.820.881.47
Slovenia-1.53-1.64-0.420.43-0.481.46-11.80-2.320.80-4.37-1.300.066.017.987.665.617.073.403.682.562.372.223.164.054.514.023.470.72-6.123.432.36-1.780.032.651.170.451.21
South Africa2.671.522.673.852.953.501.810.112.432.183.605.266.625.064.453.425.653.015.223.564.231.303.524.921.181.77-0.862.253.235.722.82-2.73-4.112.62-3.52-1.34-2.84-0.57-2.26-4.91-4.79-3.64-0.321.651.532.701.07-1.030.802.736.28-1.205.233.450.59-0.446.50-0.080.664.87-0.68-0.30-0.55-0.19-2.520.03-0.67
South Korea-8.775.2627.494.644.20-0.696.464.022.670.801.49-0.465.126.730.619.183.557.3312.384.846.132.8410.914.144.175.276.884.495.64-3.263.634.9210.539.252.707.715.737.872.206.337.174.155.595.806.525.324.110.619.364.482.494.553.092.852.563.844.202.201.025.051.910.481.311.191.461.661.58
Spain9.577.73-0.956.802.676.511.692.39-1.122.7310.9610.799.489.265.816.456.015.257.994.674.957.126.326.885.385.414.836.183.654.632.992.672.893.783.090.960.861.901.600.621.332.351.862.873.011.21-0.05-0.07-0.060.310.640.29-0.14-0.58-0.540.000.470.932.881.781.731.140.940.480.680.540.94
Sri Lanka3.842.25-0.340.433.48-1.59-0.810.61-0.871.36-0.211.30-0.192.430.86-3.316.725.081.682.44-3.230.452.311.570.731.365.034.865.194.155.423.503.583.402.752.09-0.940.710.814.679.04-2.092.536.414.558.528.90-8.822.314.51-0.77-0.794.503.964.932.867.76-2.204.216.381.9110.06-0.284.803.034.015.17
Saint Lucia2.052.642.952.882.512.403.234.445.034.263.252.932.892.742.442.182.312.792.822.422.860.63-0.483.833.0416.167.355.621.56-7.231.301.664.165.365.9615.301.5913.146.572.15-1.696.05-1.802.03-7.434.180.665.34-3.20-5.89-3.990.084.5010.43-5.793.64-3.845.931.31-0.04-0.79-2.60-0.95-0.710.910.06-0.26
Sudan2.142.292.072.202.227.77-3.861.489.04-0.73-2.524.25-5.30-3.554.07-3.99-5.553.433.41-6.613.72-5.04-10.796.769.3314.8811.77-4.49-13.05-2.03-5.004.83-5.01-7.17-8.492.041.040.496.65-9.244.733.021.45-4.910.731.918.751.550.904.023.983.995.281.444.887.778.996.25-1.130.53-3.78-12.625.781.291.80-0.370.42
Sweden4.020.801.734.912.683.841.720.972.794.054.773.974.425.244.292.924.993.042.992.722.552.283.391.62-0.941.72-1.63-0.511.72-0.33-0.751.371.552.290.672.062.341.401.590.260.363.443.345.092.372.344.242.502.382.23-0.532.022.985.062.552.941.07-1.45-2.834.980.52-1.010.281.182.521.610.98
Switzerland5.53-1.571.063.134.203.631.65-1.306.284.113.270.913.313.633.882.842.522.963.924.832.241.752.031.53-2.631.551.95-0.581.412.25-0.75-1.930.512.031.38-0.63-1.690.501.610.56-2.690.970.801.920.540.662.381.580.842.95-0.22-0.570.412.562.291.801.52-0.13-2.642.61-0.55-0.440.290.18-0.69-0.311.03
Syria-5.6923.5111.1412.45-11.5416.104.09-15.511.72-0.196.1221.31-2.000.25-2.21-9.506.181.7116.43-5.686.1620.75-11.6719.8815.427.17-4.645.010.088.167.710.45-0.24-5.641.03-9.50-3.027.76-13.432.364.698.062.040.14-0.144.98-0.32-2.72-8.442.67-2.053.885.7010.11-1.821.463.846.812.522.29-3.90-18.64-13.84-13.11-12.35-0.56-2.33
Taiwan6.3310.237.637.836.433.865.695.055.984.003.084.265.5810.7610.406.165.274.494.756.649.419.685.30-1.434.3011.244.939.073.886.914.261.534.646.861.837.7412.223.816.355.526.446.094.545.465.865.924.912.995.705.31-0.174.813.714.253.813.914.68-0.32-0.418.441.770.681.233.01-0.350.780.37
Tajikistan-2.57-2.570.62-1.58-1.960.45-5.659.81-10.34-3.97-9.99-30.10-8.74-21.28-12.072.11-1.794.478.108.144.378.108.37-0.606.125.896.257.811.695.526.075.546.875.713.684.881.76
Tanzania9.83-0.47-5.945.46-0.10-1.27-0.10-1.612.331.53-5.837.584.593.431.3610.031.611.24-1.691.551.013.490.27-0.892.022.68-0.83-0.97-1.53-1.62-3.67-1.44-2.65-0.76-3.350.641.710.900.320.66-0.93-2.19-0.99-0.821.382.311.251.522.632.833.634.082.573.152.130.134.501.591.562.233.693.977.372.803.983.473.73
Thailand4.212.738.06-3.435.84-1.00-1.580.859.049.142.535.005.394.205.408.715.955.815.454.142.398.123.512.38-0.654.034.802.711.911.211.962.823.321.494.851.775.206.016.669.317.254.208.537.556.216.33-5.60-4.754.601.461.844.116.303.643.544.933.30-0.11-1.986.70-0.796.563.213.513.114.112.71
Tunisia-0.0111.032.651.08-6.195.48-5.1611.77-5.2211.107.25-3.5913.632.974.921.17-1.949.082.223.857.5711.37-2.755.1414.142.430.623.373.564.682.46-3.182.530.702.81-4.143.87-2.351.265.341.245.14-0.221.32-3.855.444.67-1.21-0.221.601.69-0.551.939.521.372.983.502.141.700.142.360.94-0.122.91-0.73-0.341.22
Turkey12.2311.4010.60-3.347.528.246.603.263.340.700.526.307.802.801.7010.394.306.245.091.517.233.712.715.507.687.221.121.51-2.27-1.963.463.952.674.183.395.106.342.37-1.387.41-2.905.0713.50-12.404.244.017.470.44-4.548.90-5.936.766.447.596.705.243.44-1.32-5.082.164.131.795.503.513.440.560.00
Turkmenistan-2.17-2.17-1.41-4.23-2.820.60-0.376.29-11.26-2.97-7.88-17.75-1.62-20.43-10.23-8.32-13.065.379.7521.3317.9811.9714.1412.2410.608.868.5711.943.656.7712.048.738.018.284.264.455.48
Uganda-6.183.842.05-3.644.163.151.95-1.632.702.38-3.681.288.474.71-0.543.372.53-0.208.05-1.210.79-1.47-2.70-1.94-4.11-1.37-0.60-7.46-12.90-5.440.494.743.95-11.45-1.31-2.912.903.743.830.62-1.354.304.384.345.175.040.604.164.76-0.125.995.143.382.977.233.642.494.344.243.122.55-3.69-0.011.491.390.961.94
Ukraine2.872.874.102.22-0.800.623.011.383.96-4.40-7.15-8.10-12.19-19.82-16.20-9.96-1.541.3314.495.2310.314.719.1211.071.167.317.311.91-11.855.555.190.08-0.30-0.14-0.833.352.74
United Arab Emirates4.702.386.177.60-1.083.760.081.346.516.47-4.33-2.67-3.48-3.49-3.54-3.52-3.52-3.52-3.47-3.50-4.07-4.91-4.978.30-14.867.943.01-14.349.523.950.67-11.83-8.740.18-7.97-23.82-3.08-6.623.494.86-4.37-3.55-6.420.40-3.482.281.84-5.14-2.615.65-4.28-4.312.132.59-5.036.28-3.55-3.43-11.50-8.14-1.353.442.861.812.992.311.62
United Kingdom1.73-0.263.412.492.330.511.610.763.203.912.110.463.583.891.571.693.444.541.782.632.193.245.07-1.610.272.852.073.021.72-1.211.353.584.320.352.243.752.711.64-0.41-0.061.562.803.473.071.261.601.322.151.872.551.881.552.451.421.831.491.72-1.47-2.781.661.000.220.730.680.430.380.96
United States3.902.513.141.154.00-0.401.380.825.000.802.254.482.883.433.893.400.222.700.70-0.352.732.362.34-2.100.892.041.001.420.60-0.451.58-0.923.073.352.101.431.202.251.680.821.003.191.592.001.482.612.583.423.613.231.452.562.802.902.001.071.140.100.973.150.820.680.870.901.240.160.82
Uruguay6.300.023.694.98-0.510.34-0.371.41-10.002.151.92-3.12-0.421.080.232.49-5.010.675.133.73-1.42-3.940.292.665.453.540.644.775.675.55-1.02-12.07-8.57-3.950.657.471.00-1.09-1.480.704.276.241.774.39-2.928.365.3210.70-0.99-0.49-4.18-3.652.920.173.26-0.251.655.042.166.49-0.085.334.440.991.411.751.60
Uzbekistan0.680.680.20-5.94-0.21-3.54-5.235.48-2.21-5.84-5.06-11.27-2.20-6.55-1.730.373.762.893.302.672.461.801.423.914.004.726.766.045.315.705.665.505.425.616.026.084.62
Venezuela3.565.280.556.844.655.2111.23-1.572.63-3.14-5.791.491.645.463.44-0.773.384.140.984.80-3.15-2.092.23-2.53-1.549.474.07-3.11-1.94-15.38-3.77-4.58-3.891.34-1.81-0.54-1.84-0.16-9.740.514.871.73-1.38-4.54-1.48-2.140.36-4.59-6.302.41-2.85-11.40-9.1313.337.625.225.432.13-5.23-2.162.233.88-1.49-6.83-6.33-17.26-4.97
Vietnam3.273.083.223.353.142.672.652.642.632.853.1010.651.183.00-0.74-0.86-14.13-3.496.440.111.995.943.24-6.52-10.6914.850.08-0.010.52-5.430.615.141.965.913.86-2.571.244.233.081.243.576.515.176.736.387.197.562.141.616.115.184.024.734.924.765.784.252.842.024.202.803.743.854.916.495.495.13
Yemen0.540.530.600.540.560.580.600.570.580.631.021.111.360.961.201.261.281.051.3118.3417.037.6011.915.447.2315.2310.658.135.190.202.23-2.021.880.09-4.42-1.530.280.47-0.27-3.611.294.040.49-8.177.331.671.40-1.96-2.292.270.834.01-4.534.171.11-1.61-1.48-1.32-1.057.50-16.47-1.400.77-4.07-30.14-13.970.42
Zambia3.993.983.953.98-4.569.371.99-4.8118.135.18-2.14-3.40-0.2210.6715.43-7.685.10-0.48-0.81-1.16-6.617.06-3.655.62-6.123.76-6.23-1.46-5.15-0.721.98-5.26-3.60-2.95-1.95-2.43-1.352.74-2.115.41-2.330.77-1.88-13.852.612.881.23-1.551.791.743.112.784.794.753.834.084.343.786.336.865.33-2.451.481.15-0.65-0.631.21
Zimbabwe3.381.725.422.274.7410.873.85-1.662.301.552.55-1.00-3.456.103.88-1.005.65-0.569.6718.665.915.600.32-0.18-1.74-3.43-10.440.14-2.628.478.12-1.44-2.41-5.772.73-1.40-5.124.011.93-1.581.77-11.65-1.655.21-1.998.751.602.03-1.81-11.51-4.63-13.14-20.74-10.44-7.35-3.51-4.34-17.406.6111.259.408.342.211.58-1.33-2.010.35

Labor productivity per person employed in 2018 US$ (PPP).

Source: The Conference Board