Country19611962196319641965196619671968196919701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Albania-10.899.7812.867.448.163.546.065.335.326.365.775.131.244.353.270.972.030.452.824.00
Algeria-11.37-27.2125.323.563.59-6.0811.1811.6910.026.35-9.9528.023.237.704.347.575.298.675.871.012.796.535.965.453.771.46-0.60-2.084.400.69-2.892.41-0.91-1.492.583.681.876.022.412.465.864.477.303.514.032.767.413.431.504.511.762.202.403.733.594.07
Angola13.18-2.06
Antigua and Barbuda-1.027.1310.556.61-0.747.189.572.573.425.771.957.126.47-4.457.206.415.113.543.53-2.92-0.996.755.397.2012.819.47-0.43-11.80-5.67-2.493.071.464.324.594.14
Argentina5.48-1.02-5.2510.1910.610.73-0.512.8710.57-0.1110.90-0.954.785.530.98-3.296.08-4.369.914.16-7.09-8.454.222.74-7.768.892.79-2.28-11.371.9714.0513.256.515.68-3.185.277.983.48-3.50-0.83-4.58-14.9710.159.5411.138.589.754.14-6.499.676.58-0.512.66-2.392.79-2.72
Armenia-7.92-53.172.6516.506.818.966.624.393.095.689.8813.9513.6810.0615.2513.8014.497.39-15.763.083.187.575.192.212.48-1.59
Australia2.591.585.957.026.212.306.334.737.067.174.104.082.574.351.462.113.610.893.982.833.603.37-1.963.904.744.002.495.643.232.92-0.431.114.584.123.303.844.124.665.064.102.003.932.984.082.282.733.094.062.381.622.064.733.242.483.072.79
Austria5.532.654.146.133.485.662.904.316.396.055.216.054.844.24-0.444.415.01-0.215.481.86-0.092.143.010.082.581.901.323.814.204.502.941.950.592.212.292.921.853.343.233.261.032.531.062.751.973.963.132.49-4.522.812.290.510.280.590.211.86
Azerbaijan-12.10-0.087.469.956.736.109.5810.1111.127.2816.4330.1018.5319.7919.337.40-2.174.436.894.77
Bahamas-2.69-4.38-1.11-1.013.0720.5611.31-16.977.895.923.852.492.61-0.651.232.012.191.34-0.51-4.980.580.832.76-0.63-1.73-1.320.01
Bahrain8.913.71-3.864.80-3.315.174.13-0.0318.12
Bangladesh9.37-4.215.592.357.194.941.118.842.175.044.662.334.454.142.352.785.423.625.735.024.285.044.104.745.224.855.484.854.804.785.636.647.907.877.065.295.756.217.015.634.766.396.43
Barbados2.573.654.98-5.54-3.38-4.060.522.191.623.885.073.08-0.184.49-2.710.572.221.303.024.483.630.06-3.742.12-3.103.19-0.67-0.070.30
Belarus-1.20-9.60-7.55-11.92-10.552.9610.988.363.695.784.685.277.4111.429.509.377.859.59-0.848.225.111.23-0.702.37-5.38
Belgium4.705.034.186.873.723.183.904.236.596.353.865.336.234.55-1.985.680.392.741.944.24-0.130.180.252.691.961.882.594.713.213.282.201.51-0.023.972.151.713.821.983.453.870.111.630.953.091.942.683.351.74-4.385.80-0.331.54-0.830.540.980.33
Belize1.31-2.04-2.28-1.712.698.819.379.5212.9210.7610.5411.196.28-1.171.430.864.212.487.9012.103.635.587.752.893.634.61-1.483.735.20-0.016.652.921.442.835.38-0.79
Benin3.15-3.434.746.665.303.840.973.492.502.10-1.726.964.323.82-5.541.104.951.326.626.409.921.99-5.106.038.482.36-1.363.73-3.879.534.680.678.001.586.224.386.474.835.485.835.264.243.384.592.193.725.755.582.001.803.564.147.256.492.424.38
Bhutan8.279.116.875.838.067.9816.783.355.249.917.103.373.205.724.307.34
Bolivia5.847.545.673.247.054.754.061.61-0.76-3.477.12-16.12-0.53-3.87-3.15-2.284.453.324.245.045.872.904.135.114.505.444.685.62-0.022.211.772.461.463.364.905.174.316.672.773.344.543.616.647.077.145.81
Bosnia and Herzegovina5.666.23-2.67-1.410.08-0.952.930.522.76
Botswana10.6512.0114.3312.157.3617.2411.397.663.136.568.906.5525.9510.5514.0212.333.936.08-7.7511.891.1910.466.271.840.644.08-5.228.531.437.369.219.236.95-3.696.259.965.538.204.52-1.71
Brazil10.285.220.873.493.05-0.756.2912.5910.409.2011.7212.3613.569.484.569.604.442.496.428.46-5.25-0.46-4.225.308.429.064.37-0.3913.66-10.601.95-0.124.083.894.623.112.84-0.96-0.285.091.263.311.106.223.123.745.964.36-0.049.524.312.474.02-0.31-3.91-3.52
Brunei1.093.154.760.303.154.482.88-1.47-0.563.052.852.743.872.900.500.394.400.53-1.92-1.741.431.121.23-0.51-1.314.19
Bulgaria5.642.563.833.692.533.875.5410.03-4.39-13.86-9.811.06-1.611.611.601.20-0.264.40-5.193.886.877.924.646.106.343.952.588.43-2.881.220.741.96-0.022.712.394.61
Burkina Faso1.078.833.112.040.511.292.180.667.971.898.92-0.605.873.951.133.869.540.30-1.478.478.07-0.355.642.21-0.379.010.173.211.186.0711.795.947.307.330.976.774.647.784.458.956.615.427.292.9011.590.425.525.222.553.976.62
Burundi5.14-1.472.06-0.864.19-1.814.072.256.414.995.242.734.114.074.434.944.72-4.15-1.05
Cape Verde6.06-1.23-0.464.540.711.60
Cambodia4.667.044.4010.798.147.855.599.1710.1112.6111.0010.875.780.125.666.996.626.617.036.526.84
Cameroon8.047.634.496.324.46-1.3411.3314.30-5.80-0.9744.699.32-13.0626.6910.917.5810.168.508.63-2.11-6.97-3.27-8.30-5.91-2.07-8.071.384.124.905.246.294.462.073.755.196.465.101.904.792.163.643.252.604.124.005.127.235.114.82
Canada2.957.155.146.746.666.572.855.495.493.144.135.596.883.581.804.893.143.593.542.162.86-3.353.165.764.791.884.374.262.110.01-1.820.632.874.312.781.724.543.665.155.911.583.331.843.373.303.092.170.98-3.152.793.211.872.742.461.081.63
Central African Republic2.523.823.264.19-36.791.094.834.18
Chad0.955.25-1.47-2.430.62-1.712.71-0.977.392.18-2.421.35-8.404.969.373.071.78-0.67-22.31-5.04-0.255.5514.981.8722.09-4.55-2.5015.535.37-4.7710.098.45-19.1913.651.661.875.078.34-0.77-2.3511.394.86-8.2540.6424.2916.188.07-0.0419.4914.630.889.023.237.253.75-6.00
Chile5.414.005.852.400.5810.563.183.614.152.4710.69-0.42-5.181.88-14.944.3011.147.288.347.915.54-13.79-6.072.562.516.998.877.3311.104.827.9512.317.333.989.517.537.585.11-0.954.693.532.571.874.664.971.266.038.56-0.815.197.306.944.502.873.211.38
Colombia5.195.392.726.782.055.643.107.905.715.626.477.557.336.321.294.984.918.605.874.501.69-0.911.022.842.126.764.704.812.205.943.045.443.317.535.271.643.311.04-4.193.991.402.273.165.234.526.766.593.272.083.515.614.695.284.994.672.14
Comoros3.576.703.804.001.821.942.102.08-1.494.13-5.3210.322.22-5.703.85-1.563.981.011.181.351.521.681.991.772.992.741.44-0.222.052.272.622.853.822.24
Congo (Kinshasa)-11.1823.334.87-0.421.456.60-0.954.239.21-0.226.020.298.223.12-5.27-6.14-0.05-3.770.031.071.66-0.841.675.68-2.098.98-4.430.29-0.20-7.39-8.27-11.01-11.08-9.92-1.617.84-6.13-0.83-7.790.78-5.104.776.386.224.766.415.583.055.986.846.016.905.2310.218.051.54
Congo (Brazzaville)8.135.09-4.013.763.641.462.797.287.165.898.019.305.928.827.200.05-8.885.398.0415.4022.0221.643.569.39-0.900.060.27-9.680.15-4.484.246.98-7.48-0.26-25.66-2.1121.8816.22-12.21-9.349.583.7415.77-21.29-0.2411.29-11.2719.4716.312.660.9422.4010.3919.2031.67-7.35
Costa Rica-1.117.145.103.729.617.805.538.426.257.786.866.618.105.911.145.629.405.664.50-0.01-8.32-12.7011.658.191.776.526.993.284.816.673.589.237.105.683.331.655.105.30-6.3213.553.543.354.304.714.328.238.795.36-2.424.994.155.011.683.204.343.38
Ivory Coast3.032.06-4.5311.497.4211.048.568.88
Croatia5.676.931.25-2.303.993.515.503.805.763.654.545.461.30-7.86-1.30-0.21-2.44-0.10-0.463.070.39
Cuba8.584.833.430.999.485.438.716.601.10-4.8719.688.915.467.991.410.16-2.424.000.83-3.55-10.36-11.20-14.960.641.798.102.860.356.125.733.631.194.035.6111.4812.396.784.150.552.683.543.172.92
Cyprus20.2017.837.629.355.992.265.924.328.995.043.548.348.578.207.500.818.930.885.574.711.451.8314.43-3.933.543.975.073.284.103.554.007.153.38-1.02-0.443.45-6.15-7.48-0.505.17-0.48
Czech Republic-0.282.905.333.67-0.64-0.411.034.222.090.823.763.486.585.195.122.68-5.481.852.040.69-0.301.774.753.29
Denmark2.883.874.38-1.52-1.526.041.722.123.12-0.15-1.463.002.793.693.905.160.58-0.200.331.231.332.350.695.463.432.693.142.503.192.501.480.690.943.732.714.320.210.09-5.022.531.790.381.842.141.340.64
Djibouti-0.26-5.94-2.41-3.40-4.39-1.48-0.262.430.961.373.028.845.32
Dominica6.42-2.728.782.061.497.625.538.00-0.191.65-0.37-0.93-1.074.78-1.960.90
Dominican Republic-3.6416.946.957.11-11.7912.683.340.3710.7219.9611.5112.7710.965.525.336.633.273.925.553.513.432.694.351.35-4.675.608.920.945.76-5.091.5010.405.313.005.468.037.876.786.405.931.725.91-2.81-0.8713.0311.329.324.720.908.262.882.733.877.407.506.23
Ecuador1.274.934.717.915.28-0.344.681.824.846.735.984.9412.2811.5113.156.951.335.302.903.685.26-0.73-0.351.412.503.61-1.225.350.893.885.813.523.084.662.621.424.732.83-6.97-0.176.555.062.457.835.884.792.148.010.944.067.765.754.983.900.00-1.67
Egypt1.100.962.806.225.633.392.150.102.497.9914.0412.424.144.369.063.0110.437.606.063.251.4013.816.094.284.382.604.622.425.055.145.575.954.215.785.193.711.372.953.944.477.707.527.083.883.001.134.532.172.984.494.37
El Salvador7.265.303.313.482.973.825.994.734.402.896.506.334.65-3.67-12.82-10.83-6.831.351.401.190.012.662.031.074.873.538.527.546.566.511.543.923.862.462.551.691.981.711.803.594.473.941.78-3.971.562.040.751.511.372.141.94
Equatorial Guinea-2.88-0.9013.882.9011.75-2.046.051.98-1.916.510.2036.669.535.8613.6065.81159.6419.8129.4411.8451.4023.482.6426.620.5538.3317.652.445.18-23.217.8911.89-1.080.444.37
Eritrea13.4521.274.116.728.612.830.30-3.918.342.48-2.971.133.21-0.801.59-10.053.832.138.83
Estonia5.416.086.526.6810.448.775.72-3.80-12.71-0.097.915.413.202.392.122.14
Ethiopia8.6310.5810.1910.237.63
Fiji3.663.394.727.10-3.381.5112.686.522.2413.406.558.7313.823.41-1.423.496.252.5411.53-1.787.01-7.89-3.508.47-3.25-2.41-1.57-0.730.120.961.802.643.494.335.17
Finland7.542.883.175.155.242.332.012.199.545.392.327.626.953.251.540.24-0.082.977.355.410.812.813.123.353.803.003.515.414.120.23-6.68-4.36-1.395.135.154.437.144.935.516.073.212.041.055.332.474.604.520.59-7.263.061.66-1.36-0.93-0.070.211.37
France5.446.795.406.504.785.124.724.196.936.105.274.446.204.19-0.934.343.404.023.681.881.042.140.641.342.132.882.894.564.102.901.001.80-0.512.142.051.872.693.624.133.681.880.341.052.991.902.632.440.24-3.262.212.32-0.680.560.881.381.80
Gabon14.326.2530.69-17.038.015.353.422.4010.5410.118.8111.658.7235.5622.1537.78-12.17-27.66-4.092.316.45-2.635.5612.73-2.691.14-16.9012.8410.650.186.55-5.263.066.393.922.485.866.48-10.83-8.787.833.520.09-5.588.71-8.433.90-5.088.321.772.6412.817.4112.93-0.243.76
Gambia-0.4710.946.8813.829.243.834.14-2.915.443.68-2.736.7713.1910.098.750.70-6.94-3.050.979.223.763.110.341.342.363.553.275.945.335.05-4.648.647.10-1.420.433.848.039.406.59-5.195.544.31-0.355.062.11
Georgia8.572.365.670.88-0.27
Germany3.064.214.810.90-0.785.043.263.323.941.450.45-0.481.823.182.342.141.324.204.065.354.541.77-1.131.771.500.931.641.601.803.161.51-0.37-0.412.830.894.553.010.57-4.403.784.200.320.541.441.701.35
Ghana4.399.324.916.4912.247.029.912.355.503.27
Greece11.321.5910.168.279.286.115.506.699.838.368.3310.118.09-5.725.927.133.056.833.410.97-2.03-1.01-1.471.042.22-0.01-1.724.123.931.163.490.95-1.852.072.102.534.563.781.873.444.423.605.054.96-0.134.942.51-0.74-3.56-5.31-9.75-4.08-3.990.69-0.090.10
Guatemala4.163.659.444.384.885.233.918.074.665.715.507.387.196.691.688.208.345.235.063.160.24-3.79-2.52-0.43-0.14-1.094.014.174.083.224.524.894.053.864.962.624.455.533.543.523.172.872.482.833.204.906.082.870.322.863.624.013.943.734.333.03
Guinea5.436.982.285.952.784.987.104.444.654.314.453.165.032.402.987.23-4.93-2.390.142.685.220.251.713.665.136.302.160.100.383.69
Guinea Bissau1.031.110.463.134.393.612.832.063.745.599.38-1.820.83
Haiti2.562.032.571.24-1.54-0.860.19-3.260.983.673.340.913.26-5.305.783.343.543.111.001.64
Honduras-0.744.893.145.308.015.165.126.621.453.264.275.727.500.781.048.2810.0110.354.37-0.213.70-2.760.913.994.510.095.304.924.90-3.342.444.7710.51-1.302.534.227.143.39-0.985.672.453.353.925.596.586.427.924.63-1.631.163.052.582.871.914.783.42
Hong Kong11.4011.179.3011.691.771.613.3411.339.177.2210.4012.312.460.4116.1511.678.3911.429.468.892.745.629.900.4510.9213.248.812.223.385.096.0210.555.782.992.145.85-4.423.946.262.18-0.105.178.125.629.017.384.78-5.145.805.430.423.562.922.213.59
Hungary2.760.86-0.531.634.063.065.043.634.314.464.104.294.20-1.141.47-5.050.561.80-0.903.532.382.602.74
Iceland-0.018.4510.3910.047.168.81-1.41-5.822.172.292.402.522.632.752.862.983.093.213.323.443.551.56-2.853.513.886.939.61-0.31-0.690.980.50-2.951.182.880.395.354.926.604.243.754.554.461.204.684.962.3211.25-14.90-3.54-1.706.584.9213.521.504.9010.41
India3.602.926.057.39-2.67-0.207.863.446.565.171.67-0.523.371.319.231.717.285.81-4.996.855.793.117.183.675.324.703.809.265.835.380.835.474.896.777.767.764.126.198.943.545.044.027.777.989.269.1910.213.708.489.726.865.156.327.578.027.02
Indonesia5.522.16-2.753.171.942.161.7010.666.927.356.735.578.006.165.438.487.996.526.109.788.992.612.636.513.256.164.085.877.497.067.086.477.608.827.938.094.37-16.04-1.195.947.285.423.804.235.406.146.586.774.667.176.046.015.414.614.944.89
Iran-5.72-21.94-4.3422.078.16-7.032.08-9.380.21-7.166.3811.7012.543.25-1.18-2.854.163.952.432.970.656.542.528.348.543.974.185.969.400.981.916.633.75-6.36-1.954.31
Ireland9.708.947.487.659.793.633.307.347.665.857.342.27-4.43-7.782.60-3.24-0.805.368.9717.019.44
Israel8.593.673.432.3010.083.890.821.106.885.406.186.381.651.116.626.000.995.114.002.174.15
Italy8.156.155.592.863.456.087.086.616.175.231.853.756.884.96-1.997.042.673.276.243.500.200.321.263.222.682.573.384.243.211.301.360.68-0.611.993.231.542.371.521.933.521.850.110.111.911.282.251.16-2.03-4.671.550.51-2.70-1.760.290.221.62
Jamaica0.45-5.720.392.301.15-0.430.890.010.67
Japan11.988.858.4311.575.8510.6711.1212.8212.51-0.494.778.558.05-1.393.163.984.435.355.582.694.043.593.134.546.512.804.347.195.495.563.350.970.180.782.763.431.18-1.19-0.263.010.500.011.692.511.941.862.03-1.50-5.544.320.101.342.650.581.44
Jordan7.4020.889.2818.725.897.250.936.232.916.391.62-3.82-13.861.35-0.7320.885.695.307.291.984.784.153.247.435.874.704.669.238.138.469.026.075.230.002.532.333.062.962.352.35
Kazakhstan-12.90-8.440.211.25-1.860.805.4115.7111.238.288.265.997.207.54-1.238.543.433.986.0710.524.577.48
Kenya-7.389.758.434.972.4014.333.198.219.18-4.3122.2716.783.334.951.430.789.857.207.546.153.700.852.021.694.227.245.715.835.663.000.98-0.59-1.723.826.185.810.973.661.890.943.640.752.775.346.756.236.670.583.278.146.513.905.405.016.055.96
South Korea7.203.758.959.647.5412.6910.0012.8614.439.219.366.5914.699.736.6213.5012.4411.428.10-2.396.648.8013.029.996.9011.1813.6312.457.6210.0510.336.136.829.069.447.635.70-6.2811.619.484.577.752.955.103.315.635.543.140.486.864.172.722.592.942.762.65
Kosovo9.481.640.693.335.433.502.681.013.613.17
Kuwait9.038.501.251.182.02
Kyrgyzstan-15.72-20.98-6.117.308.351.402.265.017.460.357.425.650.954.998.846.002.90-2.491.667.768.125.413.95
Laos8.683.305.866.156.386.616.847.087.317.547.778.008.248.478.708.717.237.14
Latvia2.279.066.440.996.296.916.967.736.6311.8610.249.31-1.86-7.07-9.025.033.333.112.202.602.44
Lebanon7.363.94-3.102.39-0.082.021.39-1.26-11.5124.626.193.3411.637.538.017.232.962.100.671.261.231.95
Lesotho9.960.762.053.724.211.3827.7622.88-13.2617.2121.8014.491.83-5.632.332.422.522.612.702.792.882.973.063.163.253.343.433.523.613.703.803.893.984.074.164.254.344.444.534.624.714.80-2.034.500.142.730.96-0.216.62
Liberia-10.14-2.95-37.2854.195.435.9814.716.047.634.7112.341.868.971.021.39-1.41
Libya1.4311.969.865.782.20-0.953.80-61.98
Lithuania8.396.818.972.94-10.10-2.084.134.553.954.85-1.132.52
Luxembourg6.253.154.057.64-0.541.14-0.014.098.6955.192.517.826.533.95-0.615.642.273.41-0.45-1.77-3.2813.119.864.164.546.144.577.3012.187.918.592.251.01-0.193.841.118.463.535.718.784.78-5.67-4.9012.587.80-1.0720.85-4.91-23.918.065.85-0.767.096.554.90-26.86
Macau10.0222.527.149.2225.65-6.241.9322.8717.867.529.770.69-15.73
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)-5.65-8.87-6.53-0.99-0.680.911.173.353.824.66-1.991.092.155.293.536.581.919.330.122.651.98-0.862.684.132.471.22
Madagascar2.112.22-0.994.01-0.435.855.536.833.195.513.61-0.84-2.771.541.47-3.072.90-2.649.500.71-10.68-2.190.27-0.351.831.50-0.242.423.766.54-8.323.022.55-1.001.643.125.104.505.544.066.48-12.969.934.964.935.156.957.35-4.470.200.941.392.313.692.033.70
Malawi5.695.423.524.7910.097.707.756.204.970.994.485.992.772.71
Malaysia9.287.527.514.777.348.025.678.013.497.004.599.6210.577.472.0310.557.706.119.208.467.294.864.466.89-1.432.095.6110.729.0410.548.838.5310.429.229.999.916.60-7.724.457.841.486.146.866.976.057.2110.322.24-1.435.736.144.065.116.035.594.20
Mali3.340.005.323.846.06-1.69-1.9311.1314.127.22-0.648.57-4.550.26-7.111.450.2920.213.230.197.178.8810.5912.31-3.373.522.620.257.014.617.736.250.2411.061.7112.241.626.624.064.615.234.493.543.50-1.463.217.845.494.88
Malta3.632.591.500.750.761.384.464.03-6.695.173.461.673.758.558.033.16
Mauritania-1.5014.281.140.29-2.0913.65-9.842.712.082.925.104.490.88-1.952.43-1.301.004.331.933.065.62-1.483.381.574.76-3.069.8013.17-4.47-3.02-1.58-0.131.312.764.205.658.3612.183.632.531.171.082.425.147.186.480.47
Mauritius5.193.322.84-10.643.885.280.714.127.159.9010.657.005.907.225.686.684.813.244.544.966.365.792.728.923.662.102.726.126.697.277.844.221.555.943.213.563.231.155.19
Mexico5.154.858.1011.377.335.727.839.343.326.253.718.228.165.535.304.013.208.829.508.897.91-3.99-3.284.173.67-4.592.802.354.475.534.823.744.484.54-7.056.267.874.733.075.28-0.330.331.394.682.574.555.821.66-4.495.253.303.580.092.952.702.37
Moldova-1.401.02-6.85-3.481.7411.167.8612.008.186.694.681.027.92-9.679.806.552.078.904.16-3.303.39
Mongolia9.248.968.25-2.301.6517.2912.5614.495.132.541.45
Montenegro7.24-6.851.544.83-1.873.851.164.731.32
Morocco10.309.618.645.635.232.373.405.877.4910.505.881.734.463.40-2.908.711.456.844.6811.35-0.6010.753.054.126.95-1.79-1.2811.19-5.8513.27-1.667.901.171.807.463.446.185.213.857.463.736.083.003.834.942.685.221.455.081.20
Mozambique4.14-7.55-16.19-7.240.22-2.6112.0710.274.262.785.65-7.349.236.063.5028.7911.4311.138.180.2311.771.3016.376.308.316.428.847.589.865.929.198.417.026.526.202.94
Burma (Myanmar)5.594.198.166.895.09
Namibia12.80-2.061.17-2.23-11.6510.3613.56-5.357.588.639.724.82-0.611.536.001.504.063.920.934.700.385.817.519.04-0.047.945.352.800.033.966.303.459.516.995.18
Nepal-0.403.944.504.083.843.676.054.764.423.205.054.096.972.690.96
Netherlands-0.257.693.098.3210.652.655.366.316.466.033.553.885.913.04-1.555.162.352.163.090.75-1.30-1.252.443.361.542.872.833.174.663.082.761.421.813.483.723.703.703.216.864.680.080.351.542.390.785.253.14-1.70-1.852.132.68-0.84-0.83-0.231.851.36
New Zealand4.003.184.054.744.792.952.432.562.26-1.203.100.512.722.692.403.432.83
Nicaragua7.2111.5810.2310.558.071.916.43-0.236.66-0.073.701.136.4015.360.644.0010.24-10.87-26.949.674.03-0.104.54-0.94-5.023.681.11-22.64-8.0519.26-18.32-4.202.0414.4910.078.325.746.037.094.262.351.392.815.825.332.975.673.43-3.874.686.396.284.985.114.694.71
Niger3.109.23-1.028.242.3010.494.777.724.53
Nigeria-0.47-4.83-2.807.44-11.25-13.5115.85-1.1612.49-0.26-1.00-2.213.834.286.403.361.353.74-7.8312.392.809.6232.872.3819.402.685.715.8911.605.004.685.557.964.06
Norway6.302.783.684.955.303.766.232.314.764.674.584.504.414.324.234.154.063.973.884.931.580.114.236.336.504.341.90-1.120.811.782.784.592.715.614.555.085.362.592.222.643.441.631.203.583.541.392.530.21-0.611.130.882.631.254.582.741.25
Oman4.75-2.24-1.281.850.94-1.9012.985.425.314.08-1.969.376.841.248.80
Pakistan5.566.4610.290.95-0.539.733.921.536.207.2011.744.479.967.366.069.893.776.240.0110.355.414.275.113.096.291.453.215.513.650.522.403.723.851.955.217.626.377.505.894.701.913.492.763.424.094.415.165.136.03
Panama13.259.639.336.424.318.036.576.699.077.479.414.565.020.878.97-3.350.9211.690.8516.868.408.28-1.980.486.690.824.31-15.650.308.457.739.016.713.540.772.995.667.093.193.730.224.312.026.646.838.7712.5010.490.402.9514.858.786.056.952.134.31
Papua New Guinea6.764.068.3310.366.264.203.937.548.263.855.544.121.332.71-1.352.509.590.47-2.22-1.29-1.292.352.473.565.870.653.59-0.97-2.9110.147.3919.387.66-2.333.91-1.38-4.460.21-0.26-1.550.32-1.734.84
Paraguay7.680.91-0.20-1.84-6.82-0.132.13-5.836.503.199.5611.627.76-5.6113.826.46-3.0215.355.742.584.17
Peru7.8310.834.526.286.097.793.62-0.333.414.415.083.515.809.804.350.512.32-4.272.336.956.11-0.21-12.063.382.878.2010.58-12.53-9.99-4.455.10-0.504.4112.717.004.106.780.601.492.221.214.933.213.055.034.958.8010.411.437.175.827.867.333.123.973.82
Philippines6.405.207.063.375.144.615.303.935.032.686.095.239.394.365.128.156.385.295.414.633.322.262.16-9.17-7.113.285.067.205.954.940.611.862.675.564.946.666.727.652.727.693.594.168.487.106.954.936.075.246.238.02-6.797.148.205.785.986.57
Poland1.514.348.296.396.866.394.684.774.814.854.894.934.975.015.795.665.991.493.015.011.501.772.883.812.60
Portugal5.426.496.007.067.593.657.778.832.3314.875.828.1412.211.55-6.375.535.382.165.474.320.350.670.12-2.703.485.917.358.246.914.604.581.55-1.960.684.913.063.674.633.902.371.831.01-0.451.560.73-0.122.47-0.49-2.832.24-0.35-4.52-0.060.510.352.24
Puerto Rico4.074.161.29-1.230.941.623.263.570.490.56-5.30-2.641.291.561.791.102.823.080.561.27-2.384.430.560.873.774.04-6.365.293.28-5.25-6.053.26-1.18-1.15-1.182.84-8.15-10.36-10.68-5.4416.072.08
Qatar2.1233.4117.8616.479.3118.1414.566.285.944.986.46
Romania-12.57-9.121.334.056.943.70-4.89-2.37-0.432.905.684.794.226.305.427.516.649.32-6.00-0.740.870.583.004.112.604.15
Russia-5.11-15.22-8.63-12.05-4.47-4.060.73-7.226.4811.336.544.276.138.066.037.609.324.53-8.004.564.253.320.891.08-2.13-0.10
Rwanda1.160.302.531.43-1.8119.522.029.1812.139.345.901.945.51-4.423.875.41-0.094.560.12-2.46-2.635.95-8.35-50.1036.3511.2613.938.774.578.088.0313.451.777.439.969.318.2410.896.307.247.648.374.207.108.625.78
Samoa7.028.24-0.542.632.026.707.434.092.911.720.54
Saudi Arabia-0.90-2.9510.968.255.803.032.396.70-2.164.5210.305.262.823.904.421.61
Senegal-6.308.08-0.246.25-6.513.847.109.80-2.41-4.567.54-3.644.547.67-5.232.573.393.356.14-1.104.38-0.052.532.580.03-0.015.853.773.006.365.603.064.940.367.266.164.943.315.034.181.454.371.024.283.404.016.155.89
Serbia2.03-12.438.425.056.624.198.815.154.775.154.57-2.02-0.031.36-2.211.82-1.78-0.281.86
Seychelles-0.323.225.0812.277.643.377.605.960.46-3.535.9112.666.911.550.13-0.09-5.81-2.35
Sierra Leone2.338.675.423.511.392.003.292.00-0.96-1.021.535.865.103.195.41-3.314.39-5.92-3.5610.73-8.681.56-2.465.86-21.597.44-10.17-0.044.59-4.55-1.46-0.367.53-6.8526.479.886.104.225.9015.548.235.58-1.882.1920.6916.252.98-19.92-3.70
Singapore8.217.1910.41-2.977.6510.8811.6813.0213.3313.0910.9713.419.096.008.186.016.849.679.295.269.937.7910.9111.130.710.567.9512.4411.019.606.118.839.1213.467.685.9511.28-2.685.677.02-1.392.393.605.287.9112.679.620.41-0.6420.124.042.885.454.30-0.043.40
Slovakia8.168.2110.866.90-4.273.391.403.472.491.743.972.56
Slovenia4.495.335.772.95-6.901.690.79-2.60-0.933.560.063.23
Somalia-3.267.132.90-6.22-5.908.866.101.90-1.694.932.4210.32-1.75-18.1829.61-0.9122.883.75-2.21-4.345.163.08-8.07-1.318.022.036.67-1.08-1.04
South Africa3.597.067.787.746.114.567.413.914.605.254.601.524.555.771.132.27-0.343.073.816.575.43-0.13-1.765.04-1.79-0.022.974.472.38-0.580.09-1.731.453.483.024.032.660.352.334.192.004.292.725.295.245.613.933.33-0.733.122.792.082.601.661.47-0.03
South Sudan22.33-5.77-21.32-3.478.71-0.80-4.68
Spain11.879.989.595.146.436.834.316.538.734.434.908.348.176.180.002.832.621.360.411.86-0.811.151.451.853.333.355.574.865.313.722.590.80-0.480.534.612.353.754.244.505.513.292.823.503.053.173.863.050.86-2.760.47-1.31-1.92-1.531.583.463.39
Sri Lanka6.820.875.031.915.866.284.328.83-2.20-0.920.686.083.304.95-1.474.6113.2315.726.994.255.583.392.527.734.361.712.651.856.384.524.987.144.994.823.686.644.224.085.93-1.464.226.565.386.017.537.104.684.688.098.538.302.765.913.574.06
Sudan-0.566.57-2.46-1.276.92-3.580.861.821.356.062.14-5.150.7111.1615.6616.926.36-5.91-5.241.824.108.091.49-6.79-5.535.5114.58-1.247.51-8.730.969.466.374.036.988.9011.614.022.363.655.797.145.913.448.5311.9910.508.043.152.631.77-2.63-24.6439.815.464.39
Suriname7.244.852.542.411.125.234.771.79-1.92-13.32
Swaziland21.953.824.256.816.556.306.055.795.545.285.034.784.524.274.013.763.503.253.002.742.493.600.31-2.3311.347.073.19-1.754.91-1.815.85-2.021.545.8711.860.775.22-0.51-0.410.622.023.745.237.61-0.69
Sweden5.644.285.296.903.772.063.313.604.984.751.082.374.163.182.541.07-1.771.853.870.46-0.160.551.504.272.143.463.972.452.39-0.09-2.10-2.93-2.846.434.161.712.985.326.524.981.582.264.093.103.645.993.84-0.13-6.146.331.94-0.031.072.533.393.25
Switzerland2.07-1.421.003.683.601.211.414.003.783.01-0.82-0.310.330.521.310.854.013.362.404.80-1.08-0.973.942.455.123.10-2.49-4.906.636.99-3.082.321.850.622.20
Syria10.44-0.628.983.5311.459.061.221.53-3.806.26-5.57-1.1712.86-12.318.818.0414.005.5611.815.862.60-2.718.04-4.121.746.215.250.777.975.885.596.86
Tajikistan-7.10-29.00-17.32-22.41-13.89-18.846.934.903.316.4610.0610.739.9212.507.047.339.068.943.3728.138.737.869.65
Tanzania2.590.411.481.854.405.803.014.154.974.624.069.536.077.737.846.747.175.755.486.348.224.397.866.806.327.05
Thailand5.387.578.016.848.3411.128.848.116.5311.474.673.9510.154.915.019.039.809.794.935.545.095.446.425.274.175.189.7913.4212.5711.218.317.238.867.857.914.99-3.24-8.525.625.672.605.356.515.964.065.865.761.96-1.016.732.784.910.752.192.673.38
Timor Leste4.5811.30-16.320.3420.6949.5939.4853.56-21.9523.2426.234.42-14.69-22.72
Togo11.375.147.9313.658.8512.484.434.0611.112.740.707.023.038.091.62-2.105.4310.11-4.9513.47-4.39-4.01-6.295.636.152.480.777.074.890.91-0.68-3.67-15.3211.539.7710.4114.36-1.941.45-0.48-1.68-0.155.081.881.364.042.76-6.703.182.853.097.186.936.686.436.74
Trinidad and Tobago12.043.666.367.952.911.912.345.482.984.811.107.030.76-6.3014.935.276.9215.23-0.45-1.317.376.60-11.07-8.44-5.06-3.66-4.73-4.65-3.272.16-0.20-1.18-0.174.614.626.4110.299.437.614.975.888.6713.6311.534.1211.826.334.36-4.893.44-7.92-0.138.12-1.186.28-5.10
Tunisia3.30-0.929.654.545.4711.5217.68-1.818.867.786.733.836.726.307.905.23-0.545.165.974.45-1.846.260.151.979.642.907.340.493.813.366.476.555.236.104.244.091.345.026.032.315.795.883.704.193.58-1.904.512.65
Turkey1.900.949.820.615.167.78-5.648.617.707.592.76-3.696.58-6.967.085.7410.089.367.115.190.79-4.908.8711.114.918.335.205.792.94
Turkmenistan-15.05-9.736.66-9.295.0015.03-1.388.420.384.974.736.8112.52
Uganda4.710.45-3.550.844.438.125.955.935.662.159.976.3412.049.395.645.057.941.543.769.836.596.116.0811.309.028.867.085.439.523.433.435.215.604.55
Ukraine-8.70-11.83-16.14-21.61-13.02-9.71-3.00-2.64-0.915.6310.665.549.7312.012.756.787.942.94-15.794.834.481.06-0.23-6.02-9.812.55
United Arab Emirates-1.327.8910.126.0910.584.521.01-5.590.506.435.166.163.024.103.15
United Kingdom3.464.276.56-2.47-1.552.942.364.223.69-2.09-0.772.004.292.304.133.215.345.802.550.68-1.110.412.493.952.472.563.153.293.164.503.073.023.522.673.551.252.50-1.36-4.312.861.43-0.021.432.322.122.00
United States3.355.285.87-0.41-0.435.524.685.503.48-0.272.43-1.854.567.133.923.293.454.283.692.06-0.143.522.743.892.773.814.374.374.774.171.111.742.953.933.322.442.160.00-2.882.861.812.111.672.332.31
Uruguay2.61-0.99-0.722.390.812.90-4.192.166.3315.67-11.38-2.38-6.1810.255.224.331.865.457.022.744.77-11.01-13.54-3.221.6211.579.011.550.671.204.968.542.847.03-1.185.789.244.47-1.28-2.03-3.88-6.89-4.004.789.204.816.546.303.897.205.513.984.323.081.031.81
Uzbekistan1.434.504.843.973.153.994.314.548.537.266.9315.1310.704.888.879.238.819.236.815.407.57
Vanuatu3.9310.594.4112.42-0.041.062.08-1.858.263.01
Venezuela3.974.987.965.952.240.69-3.97-0.09-4.64-4.390.380.087.962.776.41-11.1710.6710.384.350.38-2.754.70-0.255.660.67-4.903.872.95-10.23-7.6717.2912.5111.2511.383.93-4.44-2.242.185.551.02
Vietnam-1.787.1310.697.6410.1311.098.857.875.745.286.826.276.106.947.347.316.636.465.443.966.885.725.445.195.356.105.18
West Bank and Gaza7.640.2915.9617.988.27-12.47-12.49-13.8614.019.2512.82-2.717.616.366.027.5312.966.923.581.875.302.60
Zambia3.117.083.52-0.696.374.365.604.837.733.186.245.565.9611.3515.985.50
Zimbabwe-6.89-2.353.1213.8113.221.661.62-1.396.621.400.947.575.706.454.95-9.521.568.63-0.1911.151.621.450.21-3.282.09-8.33-16.59-6.65-5.51-4.30-4.74-19.8013.1913.7215.0814.705.302.713.900.62

PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. Data from 1980 – 2009.

Source: World Bank