Country196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Albania9.4612.277.708.543.835.695.215.156.845.835.181.234.313.610.643.460.992.483.732.453.650.94
Algeria-10.40-24.8523.293.683.64-6.1811.3611.789.826.99-10.3527.943.447.664.617.881.9910.067.000.752.626.856.136.314.130.75-0.66-1.874.810.76-2.542.74-1.36-1.303.093.951.685.562.793.084.504.857.263.794.842.375.832.911.474.232.153.102.123.573.694.620.800.101.03-4.59
Angola9.2423.513.988.9413.289.1016.325.9311.902.443.319.616.426.692.81-2.83-1.34-3.90-1.54-5.04
Argentina5.65-1.01-5.3110.3110.480.71-0.422.9310.54-0.0410.76-0.884.725.530.95-3.266.09-4.379.931.51-6.58-4.194.702.06-5.297.082.60-0.81-10.891.6310.419.148.895.66-3.205.298.003.50-3.52-0.83-4.61-13.2010.201.078.6717.759.744.16-6.499.686.54-0.492.66-2.392.93-2.442.39-3.69-2.35-8.64
Armenia10.266.016.664.253.185.829.4713.7613.9611.3313.9713.7614.547.49-15.822.973.337.815.301.992.68-1.388.713.377.28-9.90
Austria5.216.054.854.27-0.444.415.01-0.215.501.88-0.052.142.990.102.581.881.313.844.244.512.941.890.602.192.302.701.673.432.524.150.752.481.282.852.173.923.382.42-4.612.742.410.440.190.52-0.113.001.312.462.12-6.50
Azerbaijan-19.77-11.881.235.8110.3510.026.789.348.869.776.6619.4331.2120.3716.7216.086.99-1.843.89
Bahamas-2.73-4.31-1.11-1.023.1020.6811.53-12.78-4.9113.704.051.972.88-0.821.143.022.281.34-0.53-4.980.930.842.26-3.831.071.18-0.461.830.352.70-15.01
Bahrain1.572.156.947.098.106.808.903.71-3.864.80-3.5916.834.813.142.293.684.102.211.81
Bangladesh9.32-4.235.582.327.204.961.159.182.115.114.612.294.484.182.362.765.433.515.714.974.345.004.044.655.184.865.484.874.744.765.626.657.967.807.135.265.786.256.985.614.746.366.415.888.128.033.93
Belarus-1.20-9.60-7.60-12.02-10.352.9711.128.393.585.724.755.077.3811.389.279.898.0910.18-0.467.454.881.56-0.372.23-5.15-2.623.383.262.09-2.52
Belgium3.855.336.234.54-1.975.670.392.741.934.24-0.110.180.242.691.971.882.604.703.213.292.201.510.013.982.141.453.901.963.423.950.391.571.223.022.172.743.631.44-2.522.510.322.880.611.221.370.821.571.782.23-5.56
Belize1.43-2.04-2.381.140.276.6611.1510.0212.2312.2311.4111.235.83-1.091.380.994.272.518.0411.873.195.197.692.772.764.88-1.904.175.98-0.165.211.151.523.275.36-0.771.141.791.56-10.03
Benin3.15-3.434.746.665.303.830.973.502.532.10-1.706.922.78-1.36-5.50-3.23-0.951.326.616.439.922.00-5.066.178.442.31-1.373.69-3.829.564.660.897.821.636.194.376.404.765.565.845.294.363.404.542.053.785.825.382.091.893.384.347.246.461.413.275.436.806.873.81
Bermuda0.60-1.204.72-1.38-1.45-4.94
Bhutan-2.981.623.747.881.437.088.21-1.384.8524.718.429.327.005.958.278.1717.243.285.2910.087.183.383.205.736.636.404.532.735.68-7.25
Bolivia4.011.19-1.10-3.20-0.07-4.95-3.50-0.11-2.26-3.393.953.704.125.105.962.844.245.224.634.605.295.62-0.022.211.772.461.463.364.905.174.316.672.773.195.572.746.647.077.145.942.954.772.59-7.94
Bosnia and Herzegovina1.393.822.845.153.284.465.846.16-2.84-1.250.14-0.852.890.672.972.592.144.013.10-3.74
Botswana10.6512.0114.3312.158.0815.7911.508.724.076.368.547.5425.2811.0612.6311.473.795.48-6.0711.081.5510.685.122.980.683.70-3.078.131.526.238.929.256.81-4.366.078.525.228.448.96-4.576.403.953.112.34-8.01
Brazil11.7412.2313.598.564.5810.044.764.296.398.59-5.10-0.21-3.895.398.528.604.32-0.3412.95-11.351.35-0.214.384.336.750.982.87-0.92-0.306.951.022.901.345.983.264.356.484.750.056.574.502.004.190.02-3.56-3.521.590.831.52-3.33
Brunei3.154.760.303.154.482.88-1.47-0.563.052.852.743.872.900.500.394.400.66-1.98-1.771.381.161.25-0.51-1.344.51-0.900.45-4.645.96
Bulgaria5.372.493.733.632.563.975.6210.29-4.10-13.73-9.770.18-1.541.652.104.38-13.794.89-7.993.546.317.704.826.096.184.061.518.89-1.842.680.962.65-1.422.321.072.981.472.114.57-3.71
Burkina Faso1.108.843.112.040.521.292.170.677.961.868.92-0.615.903.951.143.869.530.29-1.468.518.07-0.355.652.21-0.389.010.173.221.206.0511.765.957.307.621.666.363.797.594.798.467.024.105.712.136.535.378.085.682.583.655.976.987.263.11
Burundi5.14-1.482.02-0.804.19-1.804.092.186.363.725.043.095.573.794.975.303.90-3.71-0.570.362.021.890.64
Cape Verde6.06-1.22-0.464.530.741.60-0.972.344.843.845.705.90-15.03
Cambodia5.165.364.0511.549.467.875.669.1610.0912.5610.9510.935.96-0.255.776.846.598.506.095.866.836.856.468.24-0.81
Cameroon7.647.424.005.574.29-0.4211.6813.71-5.800.4041.759.05-11.7824.9810.687.609.928.468.44-2.11-7.02-2.99-8.00-5.62-2.01-7.611.182.744.144.275.894.861.903.675.547.668.231.815.133.443.453.662.343.354.114.586.855.084.223.353.923.160.47
Canada2.523.905.721.193.803.904.245.144.717.070.99-3.132.793.221.892.592.780.781.322.971.992.29-5.10
Central African Republic5.404.125.08-36.160.194.524.857.596.023.25-2.48
Chad-4.46-2.5015.485.28-4.649.828.40-18.8213.251.611.875.118.26-0.76-2.2311.546.25-5.52-4.42-3.33-2.23-1.14-0.0419.4914.630.889.023.237.254.76-5.24-2.492.213.18-5.92
Chile5.433.975.862.470.6210.713.203.604.112.4310.55-0.49-5.172.03-14.784.3111.037.338.387.975.68-13.51-6.053.092.516.838.537.3310.904.647.9112.127.254.009.407.357.575.09-0.964.713.502.621.974.664.931.266.048.40-0.655.087.316.963.753.113.201.570.033.311.93-6.64
China10.039.507.417.918.588.109.5110.4210.4610.9213.2714.6910.078.5610.349.008.637.148.446.406.837.346.426.121.91
Colombia5.725.796.137.626.946.361.374.784.868.675.854.401.69-0.220.922.312.435.435.065.191.975.502.564.486.336.865.301.653.361.06-4.072.361.412.293.185.245.836.586.282.741.543.786.164.415.475.164.712.420.571.753.54-6.41
Comoros3.696.574.234.032.021.921.902.34-2.214.53-5.359.582.56-5.523.73-1.454.001.122.0810.902.431.952.031.822.932.701.203.603.263.854.123.114.692.211.413.463.852.71
Congo (Kinshasa)-1.437.15-6.11-1.06-7.600.09-5.114.776.386.224.766.405.493.355.436.835.596.173.9910.049.008.832.816.023.941.87
Congo (Brazzaville)7.965.46-3.813.843.621.272.567.357.235.967.939.206.008.687.110.48-8.885.918.4315.0720.6921.613.929.78-0.75-0.890.13-6.121.38-3.053.575.22-5.83-2.85-16.473.6912.1212.51-13.99-3.5911.684.77-0.17-1.6316.3320.99-6.468.2020.787.66-0.7215.862.9911.14-5.43-13.09-13.24-7.97-6.522.28
Costa Rica1.644.387.293.127.816.955.538.586.257.796.906.508.185.941.055.639.385.594.48-0.06-8.43-12.829.0810.951.816.364.812.595.477.334.319.457.255.843.711.815.406.052.452.963.483.454.294.884.518.298.585.41-2.335.504.285.071.952.993.404.233.072.461.59-3.85
Ivory Coast5.006.44-5.029.089.258.2447.687.096.555.937.561.60
Croatia5.786.371.67-2.173.162.816.093.835.783.634.755.180.92-7.75-0.920.06-2.391.04-0.434.041.085.022.903.43-6.34
Cuba8.584.833.430.999.475.438.716.601.10-4.8719.698.915.457.991.390.20-2.433.990.82-3.59-10.44-11.11-14.970.661.838.132.860.356.125.733.631.194.035.6111.4812.396.784.150.552.683.543.172.920.924.460.351.822.18
Cyprus17.267.709.615.912.345.954.848.904.982.297.198.648.297.510.819.260.825.773.671.471.9515.56-3.922.785.496.053.713.265.434.374.108.97-0.660.844.53-6.56-7.01-3.305.512.817.044.994.06-6.43
Czech Republic-0.142.923.283.633.984.344.695.045.405.756.116.466.815.055.293.13-5.561.901.220.97-0.021.625.382.626.463.402.42-3.27
Denmark5.425.356.571.432.883.874.36-1.52-1.516.031.722.113.11-0.23-1.483.022.803.663.895.140.57-0.220.301.181.242.180.505.473.482.743.412.613.322.511.620.690.733.683.024.320.220.09-5.012.521.790.381.832.101.792.622.552.572.23-1.57
Djibouti7.397.704.123.818.57
Dominican Republic-3.6517.256.987.10-11.9412.793.310.3710.7519.7911.4212.6511.055.565.326.633.443.765.464.073.512.504.481.44-5.235.688.980.856.02-5.111.5211.125.603.265.716.758.836.495.644.882.434.56-3.700.6613.009.707.354.740.918.352.882.634.056.957.596.424.247.534.71-7.08
Ecuador4.754.952.777.573.05-0.344.681.824.846.735.984.9412.2811.5113.156.461.275.222.962.985.60-1.07-0.411.084.173.31-1.134.540.555.265.813.523.084.662.611.424.732.83-6.970.865.894.642.467.835.884.792.008.071.004.167.735.664.923.77-0.09-1.331.890.85-0.19-7.68
Egypt5.151.31-1.514.315.843.993.252.661.637.8812.388.586.973.258.666.7911.565.509.902.893.7013.746.294.204.284.504.342.853.904.785.105.495.925.596.274.221.362.933.954.457.707.527.073.892.991.082.491.893.145.094.773.604.684.364.14
El Salvador1.967.755.785.175.280.602.382.761.021.580.851.140.860.782.695.061.952.78-3.102.413.711.701.711.712.201.961.852.423.02-8.90
Equatorial Guinea32.6717.652.445.18-23.217.8911.891.162.147.24-5.28-11.22-5.13-8.28-0.54
Eritrea13.4521.233.198.598.092.040.08-3.348.652.87-2.731.372.73-0.931.47-9.853.862.187.69
Estonia5.206.806.757.1610.518.375.69-3.72-12.800.087.524.243.212.532.513.105.614.623.75
Swaziland2.543.670.34-2.2111.076.913.12-1.514.65-1.395.83-2.011.535.8712.210.475.24-0.55-0.440.641.214.796.300.932.54-0.600.611.91-1.12-1.83
Ethiopia8.6410.5810.2010.259.519.286.948.076.06
Finland2.327.626.953.251.550.22-0.062.957.355.410.812.833.123.383.823.033.525.414.100.23-6.65-4.32-1.275.165.104.477.214.945.456.223.252.071.065.392.474.544.650.66-7.093.231.63-1.32-0.960.220.542.272.781.501.45-1.71
France4.426.244.18-0.904.393.404.083.671.870.962.120.591.292.132.912.934.614.052.890.961.73-0.542.202.121.932.703.684.133.492.210.391.112.881.982.732.420.44-2.741.962.51-0.140.640.891.131.062.431.911.68-8.36
Gabon8.8711.708.8235.7822.0037.66-12.17-27.60-3.752.416.90-2.765.7412.01-2.601.06-17.1012.8310.370.096.40-5.272.846.033.653.344.977.47-10.82-9.068.123.430.53-5.457.89-7.923.59-5.098.331.772.6412.817.4112.93-0.093.112.02-2.460.235.21
Gambia-2.40-0.833.346.716.375.94-8.605.412.77-1.573.932.454.877.366.24-0.29
Georgia6.318.242.804.962.000.454.395.944.32-7.03
Germany3.064.214.810.90-0.785.043.263.323.951.450.45-0.481.813.182.342.151.324.214.065.354.551.77-1.151.711.310.961.581.621.763.051.54-0.56-0.662.840.954.702.740.46-4.463.914.460.260.361.911.782.452.571.901.09-4.97
Ghana4.399.334.926.5712.366.949.970.404.562.377.136.596.937.81
Greece13.320.3111.979.5410.486.365.747.3911.3611.1310.9010.6710.4310.209.979.749.509.279.048.818.578.348.117.887.647.417.186.956.716.486.256.015.785.555.325.084.854.624.394.153.923.693.463.222.992.762.53-0.73-3.57-5.49-10.64-3.71-3.311.12-0.91-0.891.081.062.00-8.58
Greenland5.368.05-3.7513.68
Guatemala4.123.679.454.384.895.183.928.014.585.775.507.307.236.771.618.318.405.235.093.110.19-3.85-2.51-0.50-0.14-1.264.184.184.072.675.244.584.254.074.852.554.485.433.663.663.032.682.662.883.224.866.104.210.112.283.883.743.424.134.312.913.153.384.09-1.49
Guinea6.843.81-2.176.054.726.230.425.545.6010.7111.723.034.048.74
Guinea Bissau1.190.970.433.134.323.373.712.053.805.439.23-1.790.766.645.186.423.25-2.7110.86-2.75
Haiti-2.841.261.93-5.32-5.46-11.6810.194.312.612.082.600.65-0.360.973.42-1.232.772.374.642.695.95-5.585.210.614.131.842.511.892.561.58-1.65-3.48
Honduras-1.024.833.175.317.845.165.136.571.543.303.905.657.611.190.888.2610.317.505.060.09-0.73-2.922.116.105.795.206.511.302.291.94-3.995.368.75-0.025.951.985.994.000.016.682.453.353.925.596.586.427.924.63-1.631.163.052.582.871.914.813.675.782.212.96-8.40
Hong Kong-5.67
Hungary2.750.92-0.451.443.663.743.813.893.974.044.124.194.12-1.262.17-4.330.701.78-0.593.192.493.394.422.845.545.93-4.77
India3.612.926.047.40-2.69-0.197.883.416.575.181.67-0.533.361.329.231.697.285.80-5.006.855.793.137.193.685.324.723.809.305.825.380.835.484.906.787.747.744.136.198.943.565.023.997.797.967.907.998.042.907.867.965.455.146.317.498.027.307.826.554.16-7.25
Indonesia6.046.045.394.654.945.175.075.354.98-1.68
Iran11.528.567.139.2117.1011.3911.5114.5516.3211.1114.5014.678.767.47-2.0516.59-4.35-14.25-8.66-27.26-5.2126.308.66-8.841.95-10.200.50-5.466.0313.8512.592.761.01-1.852.265.230.682.291.175.760.917.348.624.063.165.228.410.300.655.842.64-6.84-0.204.21-1.3713.433.66-5.75-7.143.13
Iraq15.422.855.056.1914.716.540.084.6013.84-1.762.546.23
Ireland7.979.448.017.799.233.114.035.887.436.006.253.99-4.41-8.262.13-2.03-0.825.518.9312.768.146.446.724.934.33
Israel5.613.494.192.536.732.320.341.215.706.346.276.381.660.656.276.091.585.335.592.004.404.814.443.26-2.61
Italy1.853.756.884.96-1.997.042.673.276.243.510.210.321.263.222.682.583.374.243.211.311.360.68-0.621.993.231.522.361.711.993.592.030.110.101.751.152.031.17-1.93-4.481.560.67-2.86-1.890.180.072.291.941.480.17-8.60
Jamaica0.47-5.700.321.951.57-0.420.89-0.080.182.420.901.93-10.44
Japan4.778.568.05-1.383.163.984.425.355.592.704.063.543.624.585.423.304.956.834.964.883.361.01-0.490.932.653.461.08-1.33-0.342.990.48-0.071.702.492.081.801.85-1.63-5.814.220.231.222.650.521.840.311.860.60
Jordan9.0814.6120.8210.9818.406.98-3.142.19-3.214.631.22-0.08-9.99-0.59-1.3516.345.495.307.181.994.624.003.257.055.824.834.679.578.348.428.476.014.780.142.632.102.843.232.492.352.361.972.44-1.84
Kazakhstan-12.84-8.350.221.38-1.840.986.5715.1010.797.968.205.257.117.09-1.038.022.613.076.7111.234.787.93-3.532.071.394.113.69
Kenya2.4314.343.188.349.28-4.3322.2416.873.424.791.550.859.827.077.586.343.850.911.971.594.357.135.825.885.653.031.01-0.62-1.713.606.035.810.983.671.910.913.690.732.765.346.716.236.680.57-9.929.107.673.603.045.466.3913.993.305.984.88-0.40
Kiribati-5.495.41-3.1114.2213.2915.3022.73-9.568.530.86
South Korea7.353.818.679.727.7612.9510.2712.7314.299.079.136.5114.729.836.4013.6812.5511.708.09-2.456.718.8713.2210.086.8911.3313.9512.567.6710.1210.786.166.889.129.477.925.96-5.9311.749.604.858.073.175.393.755.725.843.300.617.134.152.822.773.052.653.003.202.902.69-0.94
Kosovo2.094.897.202.524.513.065.345.175.623.095.37-5.17
Kuwait8.056.233.551.71-0.942.63-1.060.720.33
Kyrgyzstan-13.70-15.76-21.83-5.737.708.201.212.075.057.880.377.395.391.075.228.975.323.13-2.900.649.397.385.764.162.645.105.74-2.57-3.41
Laos5.666.084.247.638.704.9110.056.529.544.656.979.418.728.657.316.90
Latvia2.498.926.251.156.556.776.957.746.6111.8510.359.31-1.53-7.09-9.801.446.402.502.263.272.703.202.512.61-2.12
Lebanon24.6618.739.109.427.2510.020.262.53-0.172.021.46-1.11-10.2323.745.943.1811.727.498.007.251.642.663.651.980.510.962.13-1.89-7.80-22.44
Lesotho10.84-0.311.582.245.150.0326.5611.95-12.7912.3921.7317.893.36-2.101.771.831.881.942.002.062.112.172.232.292.352.402.462.522.582.632.692.752.812.872.922.983.043.103.163.213.273.33-5.023.30-1.832.850.47-0.823.984.74-3.48-0.33-0.47
Lithuania8.467.079.013.34-10.12-1.203.653.654.524.60-0.502.524.234.594.130.47
Luxembourg1.898.093.900.392.807.562.131.95-6.31-10.55-17.6027.8024.172.616.547.235.375.806.836.529.790.572.93-0.365.321.539.921.744.494.846.19-7.41-6.8620.423.26-8.0521.20-3.45-27.228.002.6211.80-3.683.25-9.569.129.220.98-2.593.30
Madagascar2.122.23-1.014.01-0.420.761.953.144.325.513.60-0.83-2.771.541.47-3.072.91-2.649.500.39-10.76-2.030.360.441.481.84-0.733.274.084.89-7.022.202.32-0.711.753.173.964.155.064.816.18-12.379.835.624.075.167.276.81-4.330.271.711.452.064.081.993.605.023.173.47-6.54
Malaysia9.197.547.534.787.358.055.648.023.546.958.989.6310.657.462.0010.687.656.119.188.317.274.894.517.01-1.242.295.4310.588.9410.358.788.5810.379.219.819.966.62-7.584.477.641.566.116.876.896.047.207.153.70-0.386.176.154.045.126.035.764.435.734.534.97-5.06
Maldives4.557.447.477.116.34-32.32
Mali3.340.015.283.856.07-1.69-1.9511.1314.117.26-0.638.567.807.046.275.514.753.993.230.207.168.8810.6012.33-3.373.522.600.257.004.627.736.270.2411.061.7112.241.626.614.063.595.283.055.993.48-1.082.967.796.645.304.795.144.16-2.05
Malta3.052.712.930.150.761.483.807.41-4.735.633.361.715.167.299.11-0.627.468.335.41-8.53
Marshall Islands4.11-2.373.59-8.913.372.930.24-6.377.543.359.35-0.211.792.332.79-3.97
Mauritania-0.5713.551.37-0.26-2.7713.16-8.474.041.032.015.054.141.53-2.002.69-1.771.464.782.012.605.59-1.522.862.085.29-3.259.8510.18-4.293.243.87-4.52-3.035.916.744.668.0813.73-1.480.631.630.142.653.914.393.496.522.186.745.504.96-1.90
Mauritius7.774.262.243.003.158.486.863.744.083.575.095.293.35-17.17
Mexico5.134.838.0711.456.535.697.969.333.326.283.718.228.165.515.294.003.238.829.498.887.62-3.77-2.353.943.17-3.822.662.334.355.624.803.632.234.85-7.587.177.745.163.134.97-0.120.091.424.181.675.072.131.43-5.555.663.233.300.373.323.202.532.172.06-0.41-8.79
Moldova1.55-7.85-2.364.118.6310.168.299.147.193.230.938.04-9.279.035.531.819.124.30-2.974.134.923.384.12-8.00
Mongolia16.8512.7314.504.962.491.30-2.1514.173.02-2.68
Montenegro6.397.54-6.951.844.77-1.903.841.184.291.636.024.154.02-14.92
Morocco10.299.618.635.655.222.373.405.897.5010.505.891.734.463.38-2.908.711.406.874.6711.35-0.6110.733.074.116.95-1.77-1.3211.20-5.8413.29-1.647.921.151.807.463.446.175.213.857.463.736.083.003.834.942.685.221.664.951.024.223.162.59-5.84
Mozambique-8.0211.006.453.4312.6311.889.2112.14-0.1511.272.1816.058.334.426.489.127.869.605.629.098.697.106.545.883.532.744.642.31
Burma (Myanmar)4.296.267.653.0211.816.286.176.333.77
Namibia11.47-2.261.34-2.44-12.9610.5615.03-5.447.828.769.874.76-1.811.636.091.193.873.960.795.630.396.497.358.80-0.117.803.252.700.043.866.255.209.565.764.69-1.86-0.92-0.990.43-7.25
Nepal-0.393.944.504.083.843.676.044.754.423.164.663.496.843.900.318.747.247.08-1.98
Netherlands5.683.503.885.913.09-1.655.192.342.143.140.73-1.35-1.252.473.371.492.872.883.154.653.022.781.401.843.503.763.653.633.336.794.640.040.421.511.480.065.752.92-0.68-1.832.652.66-0.72-0.48-0.172.290.605.242.751.22-5.87
New Zealand-0.032.951.344.550.622.463.661.163.330.590.410.100.51-3.481.345.605.535.292.443.512.184.083.184.024.724.763.092.482.672.36-1.163.100.562.682.682.823.734.483.812.963.392.76
Nicaragua10.368.475.886.157.094.312.351.422.845.855.363.385.673.46-3.834.676.375.163.965.944.533.364.18-3.03-2.29-1.20
Niger-0.411.980.381.572.841.481.7211.380.10-0.997.745.351.851.707.385.852.797.302.018.573.177.545.877.204.814.055.448.255.68
Nigeria-6.45-10.77-1.415.55-0.991.4210.95-1.9011.060.553.07-4.150.371.554.603.372.013.01-3.3310.5814.285.939.865.5713.343.757.117.607.515.444.656.888.123.55-1.090.080.533.48-2.21
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)-5.67-8.37-7.00-1.09-0.720.971.253.403.924.37-2.001.092.155.293.536.581.919.330.122.661.98-0.872.694.122.421.801.102.553.41-4.39
Norway3.904.941.560.094.276.326.484.321.91-1.100.791.772.794.592.705.614.555.085.352.582.222.623.471.651.183.623.561.372.590.31-0.681.250.892.591.274.162.791.141.711.32-0.070.46
Oman-0.266.284.24-1.17-1.301.831.126.304.244.975.300.811.839.077.670.287.915.36-1.44-1.31-2.03
Pakistan6.357.564.944.224.967.641.443.545.074.660.582.124.754.783.292.306.377.986.605.994.411.802.502.393.193.494.264.644.645.275.835.760.85-1.02
Panama11.638.618.795.047.437.727.806.838.617.199.384.455.412.294.120.0114.9810.453.432.877.5510.28-0.49-0.767.67-0.587.34-16.87-1.648.836.949.377.403.82-0.806.725.036.522.624.040.355.02-0.146.706.618.6613.809.771.762.9414.258.277.232.298.374.026.992.643.33
Papua New Guinea6.474.078.5110.295.934.104.258.1010.235.725.585.922.34-0.04-2.901.228.801.50-2.27-0.53-0.053.020.313.884.972.253.08-1.32-3.019.6911.9618.406.29-2.816.78-3.22-3.941.44-1.94-0.48-0.041.193.23
Paraguay7.700.79-0.09-1.60-6.580.512.29-3.916.563.258.8710.487.80-0.6711.095.73-1.538.705.702.863.945.583.20-0.04-0.62
Peru7.7510.814.436.276.067.813.61-0.383.424.365.093.495.859.824.320.502.30-4.272.376.986.13-0.23-12.113.392.818.2110.58-12.50-10.02-4.426.04-0.954.8511.747.004.096.790.591.482.221.214.933.213.055.034.988.8110.321.786.666.007.547.323.124.543.171.953.542.98-10.01
Philippines2.402.10-8.92-6.503.405.057.225.954.850.721.882.725.504.856.566.718.422.940.713.073.634.976.355.364.806.294.633.627.083.207.157.526.166.216.766.825.885.42-11.40
Poland6.916.424.674.744.741.362.022.862.705.055.716.025.421.843.314.801.451.202.944.202.364.935.394.81-2.16
Portugal5.868.1212.191.59-6.365.555.392.195.494.340.410.720.13-2.653.445.757.328.226.924.574.581.54-1.960.694.893.313.684.653.872.521.840.96-0.431.530.710.102.47-0.13-3.181.92-0.13-4.780.090.071.112.273.602.762.51-7.49
Puerto Rico8.156.664.284.779.277.736.724.544.702.13-1.08-9.1416.334.165.682.050.96-3.39-3.332.902.612.063.753.665.52-7.662.98-0.253.952.0410.57-5.335.47-2.478.564.89-4.78-2.48-1.5613.38-2.27-0.121.57-5.07-6.24-4.14-1.375.640.19-1.65-2.03-2.76-4.18-1.870.720.23
Qatar-1.12-0.600.33-2.99
Romania-12.64-9.071.354.026.033.74-4.92-2.32-0.413.025.285.251.018.335.937.474.9612.86-4.54-3.811.801.524.084.762.274.377.203.964.68-4.11
Russia-5.13-15.26-8.57-12.05-4.50-4.280.70-7.236.7811.156.554.196.068.075.997.549.294.45-7.924.484.273.891.340.97-1.210.291.872.941.26-2.00
Rwanda1.170.292.691.42-1.8619.522.029.1712.089.275.821.915.60-4.393.985.42-0.084.550.09-2.45-2.645.95-8.31-50.1436.2611.4513.918.804.678.128.0713.391.777.459.899.238.1310.886.317.147.958.104.365.509.275.073.528.129.74-2.29
Saudi Arabia-0.90-2.9510.968.255.803.032.396.70-2.164.5210.305.473.003.924.111.38-1.341.990.35-3.25
Senegal-6.368.15-0.216.26-6.353.827.289.66-2.47-4.437.483.824.628.12-5.583.083.583.336.25-1.034.30-0.292.612.250.50-0.015.703.282.926.245.673.844.56-0.155.954.854.382.592.843.961.963.510.713.912.365.966.005.847.206.474.151.86
Serbia3.29-9.416.056.935.924.188.805.194.954.356.06-1.420.150.180.002.16-1.510.942.391.066.033.961.48
Seychelles-0.502.474.7913.248.523.617.755.900.82-4.235.9812.966.701.340.980.10-6.46-2.34-1.50-0.670.171.001.842.683.514.355.186.022.815.013.154.17
Sierra Leone26.639.806.294.404.5615.558.234.21-2.003.6420.6916.252.98-20.05-4.1513.87-2.0512.54-2.76
Saint Martin (Netherlands)2.352.740.020.851.22-7.71-6.47
Slovakia6.955.214.03-0.771.203.884.030.256.498.178.2410.886.82-4.274.571.203.261.652.333.792.512.88
Slovenia4.305.415.833.19-6.661.730.84-2.82-0.823.19-0.033.775.614.763.22-3.49
Solomon Islands6.13-4.743.88-0.12-0.97-1.237.351.214.694.104.9813.016.728.728.902.12-1.271.48-2.46-11.84-7.02-4.917.848.245.312.071.383.292.4411.564.884.4910.95-0.310.674.366.714.711.39-1.01
Somalia-3.267.142.91-6.23-5.908.856.111.90-1.694.962.4010.33-1.75-18.1929.62-0.9122.893.75-2.21-4.345.163.08-8.07-1.316.423.556.63-1.06-1.19
South Africa3.566.967.717.816.114.557.433.954.575.254.651.504.475.871.282.25-0.263.043.846.455.41-0.27-1.835.09-1.670.082.824.432.34-0.59-0.05-1.821.553.442.984.072.600.332.374.212.024.242.725.255.235.604.003.37-0.753.082.752.262.591.361.500.380.911.490.39-5.67
South Sudan14.4713.77-12.59-5.96
Spain4.878.318.146.120.052.862.631.340.371.84-0.851.151.491.833.133.475.614.845.223.712.500.72-0.490.664.642.343.734.314.535.463.242.983.303.013.183.612.960.56-2.940.65-1.11-2.01-1.311.694.193.312.762.402.16-10.49
Sri Lanka6.551.034.921.995.756.304.468.72-1.50-0.530.516.282.545.26-0.555.3411.4214.887.014.125.813.202.357.914.371.712.681.786.484.495.017.144.974.853.686.664.224.065.92-1.474.246.555.396.027.527.104.704.678.068.538.302.765.004.704.263.593.192.14-3.36
Sudan-0.656.53-2.42-1.28-0.70-0.110.481.071.662.252.843.434.024.605.195.786.37-5.92-5.251.844.127.971.45-7.12-5.515.8315.05-1.637.89-8.520.879.607.323.176.878.7711.623.982.095.257.695.496.544.736.245.636.412.63-0.57-0.73-2.76-15.400.669.711.553.68-1.42-4.66-2.56-4.39
Sweden1.072.374.153.182.551.07-1.761.853.870.52-0.140.581.544.282.133.413.942.462.41-0.04-2.07-2.86-2.806.174.081.773.175.346.165.001.472.413.743.183.675.933.86-0.01-5.356.332.51-0.351.142.523.151.853.742.093.01-2.75
Switzerland0.743.943.482.484.93-0.93-1.203.782.454.883.12-2.47-4.296.417.19-2.512.351.730.672.730.390.660.221.62-2.31
Tajikistan-36.674.38-19.166.055.853.686.359.8712.089.9912.1519.9511.557.238.140.107.908.307.408.31
Tanzania2.510.411.481.924.275.743.034.324.864.374.608.896.067.416.858.485.535.895.365.517.624.936.656.625.886.476.746.458.570.00
Thailand6.55
Timor Leste12.4711.68-15.6911.1721.2141.8435.4747.99-20.7021.0922.40-11.78-10.75-18.01-17.98-19.881.62-0.4512.940.30
Togo11.395.107.9013.628.9712.444.434.0811.122.740.777.033.017.971.66-2.105.5910.28-5.0513.60-4.33-3.94-6.305.616.142.470.747.044.750.82-0.69-3.72-15.3111.579.7810.3814.52-2.111.48-0.380.814.586.88-1.38-4.602.65-0.754.765.435.9813.071.066.556.348.093.033.685.185.501.67
Tonga6.892.182.940.54
Tunisia3.35-0.679.894.615.2611.3017.69-1.508.637.617.033.716.646.387.775.28-0.545.055.914.80-1.706.420.161.869.153.187.450.963.693.076.656.275.136.114.323.711.315.016.112.525.756.233.983.542.68-1.534.411.833.611.461.371.942.27
Uganda4.710.46-3.530.854.408.115.965.935.662.149.896.3612.069.415.655.067.941.623.829.796.586.146.0911.289.008.846.975.579.543.233.484.935.634.932.515.766.663.96
Ukraine-11.70-15.78-21.95-12.36-10.06-3.02-2.56-0.862.7310.145.399.6312.002.776.808.731.38-15.105.854.073.96-0.34-9.80-4.97-0.592.842.993.49-2.56
United Arab Emirates-1.577.8310.146.1210.594.500.97-5.590.487.014.535.104.465.353.072.540.813.56
United Kingdom3.434.216.75-2.49-1.762.971.964.333.55-2.28-0.741.904.542.383.863.435.275.802.440.54-1.040.662.394.182.312.485.053.682.334.382.412.713.012.132.891.341.70-0.70-4.092.961.760.100.872.932.282.143.411.542.52-10.52
United States3.355.285.87-0.43-0.435.524.705.473.46-0.282.37-1.734.517.103.853.243.454.253.682.03-0.173.482.733.882.743.794.274.404.894.181.101.682.953.923.462.612.200.17-2.472.891.702.161.782.502.951.742.612.921.98-3.81
Uruguay2.92-4.182.166.2614.96-10.87-2.28-5.619.565.244.281.835.436.982.774.74-10.99-13.07-2.971.6011.248.811.570.721.174.768.462.807.02-1.195.779.234.48-1.33-2.02-3.88-6.95-3.564.779.034.756.546.383.927.265.48-0.716.961.962.421.450.640.361.22-6.41
Vanuatu4.083.383.7210.792.6110.53-0.381.843.87-2.595.166.400.645.204.146.199.41-4.87
Venezuela8.794.499.234.522.283.207.121.538.241.073.066.443.195.418.015.892.210.68-3.90-0.06-5.01-4.330.200.058.132.656.46-11.2411.0210.384.110.45-2.694.67-0.245.980.65-4.953.872.95-10.21-7.4917.2812.2911.2811.174.09-4.44-2.242.185.551.02-1.13
Vietnam12.008.597.445.115.197.186.286.046.957.237.536.636.475.444.056.725.665.425.145.434.955.345.808.427.103.75
West Bank and Gaza7.690.2816.0117.988.23-12.53-12.47-13.8314.0020.0013.03-0.185.017.426.245.4310.586.715.851.725.369.051.844.582.08-12.48
Zimbabwe19.9213.6916.682.172.131.500.674.915.09

PPP GNI (formerly PPP GNP) is gross national income converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GNI as a U.S. dollar has in the United States. Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. Data are in current international dollars. Data from 1980 – 2009.

Source: World Bank