GINI coefficient of income inequality

scale 1-100, 1979–2017

Info Edit
Country197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017
Angola42.70
Albania27.0027.7828.5729.3530.1330.9231.7031.3330.9730.6030.4030.2030.0029.7529.5029.2529.00
Argentina40.8041.1341.4741.8042.1342.4742.8045.3045.6846.0546.4346.8045.5044.9045.9048.9049.5049.1050.7049.8051.1053.3053.8053.5050.2049.3048.3047.4046.3045.3044.5043.6042.5042.3042.70
Armenia36.2035.8035.4034.8033.0037.5036.0032.5029.8030.7029.6031.1031.3030.5031.5031.5032.40
Australia31.3031.6031.9032.2032.5032.6832.8533.0333.2033.1033.0032.9032.8032.7032.6032.7532.9033.0533.2033.3533.5033.5033.5033.8834.2634.6435.0235.4035.0534.70
Austria29.8028.7029.6030.6030.4031.5030.3030.8031.1030.9030.50
Azerbaijan34.7035.0035.3035.6035.9036.2036.5017.4018.8016.2016.6021.6726.7331.80
Burundi33.3034.8036.3037.8039.3040.8042.3041.1940.0838.9637.8536.7435.6334.5133.4034.2335.0635.8936.7137.5438.3739.20
Belgium30.5029.3028.0029.2028.4028.5028.4028.1027.5027.7028.10
Benin38.6039.2039.8040.4041.0041.6042.2042.8043.4044.5045.6046.7047.80
Burkina Faso48.1048.5549.0049.4549.9048.5847.2645.9444.6243.3042.7242.1341.5540.9740.3839.8038.9038.0037.1036.2035.30
Bangladesh25.9026.4026.9027.5728.2328.9028.4728.0327.6028.9330.2531.5832.9033.0033.1033.2033.3033.4033.3633.3233.2833.2433.2032.9832.7632.5432.3232.10
Bulgaria30.7031.0631.4131.7732.1332.4932.8433.2033.5633.9134.2734.6334.9935.3435.7036.1033.6033.8035.7034.3036.0036.6037.40
Bosnia and Herzegovina30.0031.3332.6734.0033.7033.4033.1033.2833.4533.6333.80
Belarus32.3032.0031.2030.6030.3028.8026.5027.5028.3029.6027.8027.7028.6027.1026.5026.6027.2026.70
Belize60.3060.9058.7556.6060.4054.9053.30
Bolivia42.0044.3146.6348.9451.2653.5755.8958.2058.1558.1063.0058.9060.2057.6055.0058.5056.9055.4051.4049.7048.0046.3046.7048.1048.4045.80
Brazil58.0058.4059.0058.4055.6058.5059.7061.4063.3060.5056.8553.2060.1059.8559.6059.9059.8059.6059.0059.1559.3058.6058.0056.9056.6055.9055.2054.4053.9053.5053.1052.7052.9051.5051.30
Bhutan46.8044.6342.4540.2838.1038.2438.3838.5238.6638.80
Botswana54.2055.0355.8556.6857.5058.3359.1559.9860.8061.2361.6762.1062.5362.9763.4063.8364.2764.7064.1063.5062.9062.3061.7061.1060.50
Central African Republic61.3059.6958.0856.4754.8653.2551.6550.0448.4346.8245.2143.6046.1248.6451.1653.6856.20
Canada32.4032.2532.1031.9531.8031.6531.5031.3831.2531.1331.0031.1031.2031.3031.4031.5031.6033.2033.2533.3033.4033.5033.6033.7033.7333.7733.8033.7333.6733.6033.7333.8734.00
Switzerland34.3033.8032.9032.5031.7031.6032.50
Chile56.2056.5756.9357.3056.0554.8055.6056.4055.6554.9055.2055.5054.1552.8052.3751.9351.5050.4049.3048.2048.4748.7349.0048.3047.6047.4547.3047.5047.70
China42.8042.6542.5042.3542.20
Ivory Coast45.5038.0040.5036.9037.5338.1538.7839.4039.8040.2040.6040.0739.5339.0039.5840.1540.7341.3041.6241.9342.2542.5742.8843.2042.9942.7742.5642.3442.1341.9141.70
Cameroon44.5044.0243.5443.0642.5842.1042.2242.3342.4542.5742.6842.8043.3343.8644.3944.9145.4445.9746.50
Congo (Kinshasa)42.2042.1942.1842.1642.1542.1442.1342.1142.10
Congo (Brazzaville)47.3047.5747.8348.1048.3748.6348.90
Colombia51.5052.8554.2055.5556.9057.5058.1058.7058.7057.8058.3054.4056.1055.0055.3355.6756.0055.9055.5054.2053.5053.5053.5051.10
Comoros55.9054.6953.4852.2751.0649.8448.6347.4246.2145.00
Cape Verde52.5051.6250.7349.8548.9748.0847.20
Costa Rica47.5044.8842.2639.6437.0234.4038.5042.6046.7045.3046.7045.7046.0046.8045.7046.5045.6045.7047.7047.4051.1050.9049.9048.9047.8049.3049.5049.1051.0048.1048.6048.6049.2048.5048.20
Cyprus30.1030.3031.1031.1031.7032.1031.5032.6034.3037.0035.60
Czech Republic19.4020.8422.2823.7225.1626.6026.3326.0725.8026.0126.2326.4426.6526.8627.0827.2927.5027.0026.7026.0026.3026.2026.6026.4026.1026.5025.90
Germany31.8031.9031.1031.2030.7030.0030.7031.40
Djibouti40.0040.5141.0241.5342.0442.5543.0643.5744.0844.5945.1044.10
Denmark24.9025.2025.9026.2025.3026.7027.3027.5027.8028.5028.50
Dominican Republic47.8048.7049.6050.5050.8051.1051.4050.4049.4048.4047.4048.9049.9350.9752.0050.4050.1052.1052.0050.0051.9048.7049.0048.9047.2047.4045.7047.1044.5044.90
Algeria40.2039.5038.8038.1037.4036.7036.0035.3034.8234.3433.8633.3832.8932.4131.9331.4530.9730.4930.0129.5329.0428.5628.0827.60
Ecuador50.5050.9151.3351.7452.1652.5752.9953.4052.4851.5550.6349.7058.6056.4055.9355.4755.0054.1054.1053.2054.3050.6049.3049.3046.2046.6047.3045.4046.50
Egypt32.0031.6231.2430.8630.4830.1030.7831.4532.1332.8032.6232.4432.2632.0831.9031.7031.5031.3031.1031.3031.5030.6529.8030.4731.1331.80
Spain33.3032.4032.5033.1034.2034.9035.3035.7035.4036.2036.00
Estonia23.0026.3029.6032.9036.2039.5039.2739.0438.8138.5838.3538.1237.8937.6637.4337.2033.6033.5033.7031.2031.9031.4032.0032.5032.9035.1034.60
Ethiopia44.6040.9537.3033.6530.0029.9629.9229.8829.8429.8030.3730.9331.5032.0732.6333.20
Finland27.9027.6028.0028.3027.8027.5027.7027.6027.1027.2026.80
Fiji38.1038.4838.8739.2539.6340.0240.4039.6038.8038.0037.2036.40
France30.6029.8029.7032.4033.0033.3533.7033.3033.0032.5032.30
Micronesia42.4042.1141.8341.5441.2540.9640.6840.3940.10
Gabon42.20
United Kingdom36.0034.3034.6035.7034.1034.3034.4033.2032.3033.2034.10
Georgia37.1042.0041.3040.2040.5039.6039.6039.5039.8040.3039.7040.6040.6041.7042.1041.6041.3040.0040.1038.50
Ghana35.3036.0036.8037.6038.4038.6438.8939.1339.3739.6139.8640.1040.4940.8741.2641.6442.0342.4142.8042.7142.6342.5442.4642.3742.2942.20
Guinea46.8046.5746.3346.1045.7145.3344.9444.5544.1643.7843.3943.0042.2841.5640.8440.1239.4038.2637.1235.9834.8433.70
Gambia48.5048.2648.0247.7847.5447.30
Guinea Bissau43.6042.7141.8240.9340.0439.1638.2737.3836.4935.6037.4939.3841.2643.1545.0446.9348.8150.70
Greece33.6034.6035.1034.0033.6033.6034.1034.8036.3036.1035.80
Guatemala58.3058.7359.1759.6059.1658.7358.2957.8557.4256.9856.5556.1155.6755.2454.8054.8254.8354.8554.8754.8854.9054.3853.8653.3452.8252.3051.1049.9048.70
Guyana44.50
Honduras59.5057.4051.8051.8053.5055.0055.5055.7052.7057.4055.3054.7054.1058.8058.7058.4059.5057.4056.2055.7051.6053.4057.4057.4053.7051.0050.10
Croatia22.8023.2723.7324.2024.6725.1325.6026.0726.5327.0027.4727.9328.4028.8729.3329.8030.2730.7331.2031.6732.1332.6032.4032.3032.5032.0032.20
Haiti40.90
Hungary21.0023.0025.0025.7326.4527.1827.9028.0828.2628.4528.6328.8128.9929.1729.3529.5429.7229.9034.7028.3027.9027.5027.0029.4028.9030.5031.5030.90
Indonesia39.50
India35.20
Ireland33.6033.8032.7032.0030.9032.7032.3032.3032.5033.4031.90
Iran47.4046.4545.5044.5543.6043.4543.3043.1543.0043.2843.5543.8344.1044.0343.9643.8943.8143.7443.6743.6044.8043.8742.9342.0040.8539.7038.5537.4038.80
Iraq28.6028.7528.9029.0529.2029.3529.50
Iceland28.0029.0030.3029.5031.8028.7026.2026.8026.8025.4025.60
Israel36.3036.3336.3636.3936.4136.4436.4736.5036.3336.1736.0035.8335.6735.5036.0236.5437.0637.5838.1038.3038.5038.7038.9039.6040.3041.0041.7041.3541.0041.5042.0042.5041.9541.40
Italy34.3033.8034.0032.9033.6033.5034.3034.5034.9034.9034.70
Jamaica43.2042.1541.1039.3037.5035.7037.2738.8340.4041.6342.8744.1045.5046.9048.3046.9045.50
Jordan36.1037.3238.5339.7540.9742.1843.4042.0040.6039.2037.8036.4036.5236.6436.7636.8837.0036.2335.4534.6833.9033.2532.6033.1533.70
Japan32.10
Kazakhstan35.4035.4035.4035.4035.4035.4034.0033.0031.4029.6030.0028.5029.1028.8028.6027.4027.5026.3026.5026.50
Kenya57.5050.7043.9044.7045.5046.3046.5846.8547.1347.4047.6847.9548.2348.50
Kyrgyzstan53.7052.2450.7849.3247.8646.4038.7031.0030.2030.3028.7034.8032.6037.4033.9031.5029.9030.1027.8027.4028.8026.8029.00
Kiribati37.00
South Korea31.7032.0032.3032.1532.0031.8031.60
Laos34.3034.4234.5434.6634.7834.9034.4433.9833.5233.0632.6033.1633.7234.2834.8435.4035.6035.8036.0036.2036.40
Lebanon31.80
Liberia36.5036.0335.5635.0934.6134.1433.6733.20
Saint Lucia42.60
Sri Lanka32.5032.5032.5032.5032.5032.5033.0833.6634.2434.8235.4036.2037.0037.8038.6039.4040.2041.0040.8340.6540.4840.3039.0037.7036.4037.3338.2739.20
Lesotho56.0056.9057.8058.7059.6060.5061.4062.3063.2061.7560.3058.8557.4055.9554.5053.0551.6051.9352.2552.5852.9053.2353.5553.8854.20
Lithuania22.5024.7226.9429.1631.3833.6033.9134.2234.5334.8435.1535.4535.7636.0736.3836.6937.0035.3034.4034.6035.7037.2033.6032.5035.1035.3037.70
Luxembourg30.2030.8031.0031.1032.6031.2030.5032.0034.3032.0031.20
Latvia22.5023.4024.3025.2026.1027.0029.0031.0031.6032.2032.8033.4034.0034.6035.2035.8036.4039.0035.5037.5037.2036.0035.0035.8035.2035.5035.10
Morocco39.2039.2039.2039.2039.2039.2039.2039.2439.2839.3139.3539.3939.4339.4639.5040.0540.6040.6240.6340.6540.6740.6840.70
Moldova36.9039.5042.6036.4038.0035.8034.9035.0036.3035.4034.4034.7032.9032.0030.6029.2028.5026.8027.00
Madagascar46.8046.6846.5746.4546.3446.2246.1145.9945.8845.7645.6545.5345.4245.3043.8542.4040.9539.5039.0538.6043.0047.4045.5343.6541.7839.9040.4040.9041.4041.9042.4042.5542.70
Maldives41.3040.8940.4740.0639.6439.2338.8138.40
Mexico49.0049.2549.5049.7550.0050.2550.5050.7551.0051.3551.7050.1048.5048.7549.0050.3551.7050.6049.5047.7546.0047.0048.0048.1048.2048.1548.1048.1048.1048.1548.20
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)42.8040.2040.1038.5036.9035.60
Mali50.4048.9047.4045.9044.4042.9041.4039.9039.7039.5039.3039.1038.9036.9334.9733.00
Burma (Myanmar)38.10
Montenegro30.2030.0031.5030.5031.0028.9030.8032.2032.3031.90
Mongolia33.2032.2331.2730.3030.9531.6032.2532.9033.4834.0634.6435.2235.8034.9034.0033.1033.9033.8032.9032.00
Mozambique44.4044.8345.2745.7046.1346.5747.0046.7746.5346.3046.0745.8345.60
Mauritania43.9044.9245.9346.9547.9748.9850.0043.9037.8038.0438.2838.5238.7639.0039.3039.6039.9040.2039.0837.9536.8335.7035.1534.6034.0533.5032.9532.40
Mauritius35.7035.7235.7335.7535.7735.7835.80
Malawi65.8062.1058.4054.7051.0047.3043.6039.9040.9341.9743.0044.0345.0746.10
Malaysia48.6048.0747.5347.0046.6046.2046.7047.2047.7047.9748.2348.5048.8549.2048.7448.2947.8347.3746.9146.4646.0046.0046.0046.0046.1546.30
Namibia63.3062.9262.5362.1561.7761.3861.00
Niger36.1038.8041.5041.7642.0342.2942.5542.8243.0843.3543.6143.8744.1444.4040.8537.3035.8534.4032.9531.5032.3333.1734.00
Nigeria38.7039.6040.5041.4042.3043.2044.1045.0046.7348.4550.1851.9050.2148.5346.8445.1643.4741.7940.1040.5841.0741.5542.0342.5243.00
Nicaragua57.4056.8056.2055.6055.0054.4053.9753.5353.1052.1351.1550.1849.2047.9546.7045.4544.2044.6845.1645.6446.1246.60
Netherlands29.8029.0030.0029.6029.3027.9027.9027.8027.6028.1028.60
Norway31.6030.6026.5027.1027.0026.2025.7025.3025.7026.4026.80
Nepal35.2036.2837.3538.4339.5040.5841.6542.7343.8042.2340.6639.0937.5135.9434.3732.80
Pakistan33.3033.3033.3033.3032.5331.7731.0030.2329.4728.7030.9033.1032.2031.3030.4031.1031.8032.5032.7032.2531.8031.1330.4729.8030.9030.8030.70
Panama48.7049.7250.7451.7652.7853.8054.8255.8456.8657.8858.9058.5558.2058.1058.0057.9057.8058.0058.2057.5056.5057.7057.3056.6056.4055.1054.0055.1053.0052.6052.0051.9051.8051.9051.7050.7051.00
Peru53.7056.1056.3050.8051.8054.0053.7051.2051.8051.7051.3048.5048.0046.2045.5045.1044.7044.1044.30
Philippines41.0040.9340.8740.8041.8042.8043.8043.5043.2042.9043.9344.9746.0044.9343.8742.8042.3741.9341.5041.9742.4342.9042.5342.1741.8041.9342.0742.2041.5040.8040.10
Papua New Guinea55.4054.3553.3152.2651.2250.1749.1248.0847.0345.9844.9443.8942.8541.80
Poland26.7028.7030.7032.7032.5032.3032.6033.0032.8034.0034.9035.4034.5033.7033.5033.7033.6033.2032.8032.4032.5032.10
Portugal38.9038.5038.1036.8036.6034.9035.8036.3036.0036.2035.60
Paraguay40.8044.2847.7651.2454.7258.2056.5554.9054.7554.6054.7054.8057.3055.5052.6051.4053.6052.1051.0049.7051.8052.6048.2048.3051.7048.00
West Bank and Gaza34.0034.7034.0035.6035.0534.5036.1034.40
Romania31.1029.4029.3029.4030.2029.9030.0029.8030.5030.2029.6028.2028.2027.2027.3027.50
Russia48.4047.6346.8746.1038.4038.1037.4037.1039.6037.3040.0040.3041.3041.0042.3041.6039.8039.5039.8040.7040.9039.9037.70
Rwanda28.9030.1331.3532.5833.8035.0336.2537.4838.7039.9341.1542.3843.6044.8346.0547.2848.5049.2049.9050.6051.3052.0051.8651.7251.5851.4451.3051.0050.7050.40
Sudan35.40
Senegal54.1049.8745.6341.4041.3741.3441.3141.2941.2641.2341.2040.7040.2039.7039.2039.3839.5739.7539.9340.1240.30
Solomon Islands46.1044.9643.8342.6941.5540.4139.2838.1437.00
Sierra Leone40.2039.4338.6537.8837.1036.3335.5534.7834.00
El Salvador54.0052.9851.9550.9349.9051.4052.9554.5052.2051.3051.1051.5050.7047.4047.9045.4045.2046.7045.9044.5042.4041.8043.5041.8040.80
Serbia32.0032.8033.0033.4029.7029.4028.2028.7029.6029.4329.2729.10
South Sudan46.30
Saint Thomas and Principe32.1031.9731.8431.7131.5831.4531.3231.1931.0630.9330.80
Suriname57.60
Slovakia19.5019.5019.5019.5019.5021.0822.6524.2325.8025.9626.1326.2926.4526.6126.7826.9427.1029.3025.8024.7026.0027.2027.3026.5026.1028.1026.10
Slovenia23.6024.5325.4726.4027.3328.2729.2028.8028.4028.0027.6027.2026.8026.4026.0025.6025.2024.8024.6024.4024.4023.7024.8024.9024.9025.6026.2025.70
Sweden26.1026.8026.4026.4026.8026.3026.5026.9027.1027.7027.20
Swaziland60.5059.2758.0356.8055.5754.3353.1052.9252.7452.5752.3952.2152.0351.8651.6851.50
Seychelles46.80
Syria35.80
Chad39.8040.2440.6841.1141.5541.9942.4342.8643.30
Togo42.2042.9643.7244.4845.2446.0045.2544.5043.7543.00
Thailand45.2045.0044.8044.6044.4044.2044.0043.8044.5545.3046.6047.9045.7043.5043.2042.9042.2041.5043.1042.8042.3541.9042.2042.5042.1541.8039.8040.3039.8039.4037.5039.3037.80
Tajikistan29.5030.3031.1031.9032.7033.6033.1332.6732.2031.5030.8030.7030.6030.5030.4030.8034.00
Turkmenistan40.80
Timor Leste35.9034.9734.0333.1032.1731.2330.30
Tonga37.7037.6837.6537.6337.6037.5837.5537.5337.50
Trinidad and Tobago42.6042.0341.4540.8840.30
Tunisia43.4042.7642.1241.4840.8440.2040.5040.8041.1041.4041.7041.5241.3441.1640.9840.8040.1839.5638.9438.3237.7037.3236.9436.5636.1835.80
Turkey43.5043.1942.8742.5642.2441.9341.6141.3041.3141.3341.3441.3541.3641.3841.3941.4042.2041.3042.6039.7038.4039.0039.0038.8040.0040.2040.2041.20
Tuvalu39.10
Tanzania35.3035.5235.7435.9736.1936.4136.6336.8637.0837.3037.7338.1638.5939.0139.4439.8740.3039.6839.0538.4337.80
Uganda44.4043.4042.4041.4040.8040.2039.6039.0040.3341.6743.0043.7344.4745.2044.4343.6742.9043.2343.5543.8844.2043.1342.0741.00
Ukraine39.3035.2034.1733.1332.1031.0730.0329.0028.7028.9029.0029.8027.0026.6025.3024.8024.5024.7024.5024.1025.50
Uruguay43.7043.5443.3843.2143.0542.8942.7342.5642.4042.6842.9643.2543.5343.8144.0944.3844.6644.9445.2245.5145.7946.0746.3546.6446.9247.2047.6046.3046.3045.3043.4041.3041.9041.6041.70
United States34.6035.0135.4335.8436.2636.6737.0937.5037.6437.7837.9238.0638.2038.8739.5340.2040.4040.6040.8040.6740.5340.4040.4340.4540.4840.5040.7040.9041.1040.8740.6340.4040.6040.8041.00
Uzbekistan44.7040.4036.1034.5533.0035.30
Venezuela55.6055.2554.9054.5554.2053.8553.5049.4045.3044.3743.4342.5044.2746.0347.8048.4749.1349.8048.3048.2548.2050.6050.4049.8052.4046.90
Vietnam35.7035.6535.6035.5535.5035.4535.4035.8036.2036.6037.0036.9036.8036.3035.8035.7035.6037.4539.3037.5035.7035.2534.80
Vanuatu37.30
Samoa42.00
Kosovo29.0030.1031.2030.3030.8031.3031.8033.3027.8029.4026.70
Yemen35.0034.9634.9134.8734.8334.7934.7434.7034.9235.1435.3735.5935.8136.0336.2636.4836.70
South Africa59.3059.7760.2360.7059.9859.2558.5357.8058.9760.1361.3062.4763.6364.8063.9063.0063.1363.2763.40
Zambia60.5056.5552.6051.1749.7348.3048.7049.1047.3545.6043.8542.1048.2054.3054.4554.6054.8555.1055.3555.6055.9056.2056.5056.8057.10
Zimbabwe43.20

Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

Source: World Bank