Female share of graduates in science

percent, 1998–2015

Info Edit
Country199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Afghanistan19.64
Albania60.8165.6270.4475.2573.6672.0770.4868.8967.3065.7164.1162.5264.3066.0864.03
Algeria60.6962.4364.1665.1463.7564.5665.3871.95
Andorra30.0023.5311.7613.6412.4211.2110.0015.8321.6727.5033.33
Angola50.0047.0644.1241.1840.7340.2839.8339.3838.9338.4938.0437.5937.1436.6936.24
Antigua and Barbuda34.2170.5975.0033.33
Argentina52.0354.0250.6453.5151.3874.0549.2849.47
Armenia48.5448.9249.3049.6850.06
Australia40.5840.0036.6735.3535.0335.4535.8634.4235.7235.5335.4434.8735.9236.3036.6737.04
Austria35.1938.9736.4033.8335.6736.2734.3832.4832.5732.9434.0735.4335.7333.3233.64
Azerbaijan52.1653.2655.5556.6554.1965.6365.50
Bahrain73.7677.4681.1773.1872.3371.4770.6169.7668.9068.0467.1966.33
Bangladesh29.2824.2126.4628.7030.9533.2035.4437.6939.9342.1844.4244.4444.45
Barbados53.5552.1250.6849.2444.90
Belarus51.4253.8553.8554.4559.14
Belgium30.1231.4331.2931.4231.5531.6831.8130.2628.7133.0729.6330.9830.0529.44
Benin23.3623.7424.1224.5024.8825.2625.6426.0226.4126.7927.1717.5524.62
Bermuda60.0063.7567.5071.2575.0069.3263.6454.0444.4457.1460.0053.8576.92100.00
Bhutan25.00
Bosnia and Herzegovina46.7547.79
Brazil43.3642.5742.1240.6239.0937.8636.6437.1434.5931.0232.1833.1133.9234.73
Brunei50.0056.4550.9854.9558.9347.7650.5969.2353.0163.9257.3853.8956.5957.8065.7853.43
Bulgaria63.3966.9956.5658.9655.9156.4255.4656.8258.1755.3555.0254.0552.6250.9752.7850.21
Burkina Faso16.2819.9018.80
Burundi16.2219.6423.0626.4829.9033.3136.7320.2536.97
Cambodia32.5128.5721.3517.4713.5913.3613.1312.9011.19
Canada41.5142.0342.0141.9941.96
Cayman Islands53.8535.4828.21
Chad4.08
Chile48.6032.6633.5634.4527.5327.6524.0323.0422.4421.8521.5621.28
Colombia54.6956.3157.9362.0054.4251.3138.5150.9949.0347.0745.8741.7940.81
Comoros36.00
Costa Rica39.5635.7434.7933.8532.9031.9531.0030.2029.4128.6130.4830.5030.5233.53
Croatia57.7758.2258.6651.5250.1349.5849.0252.3047.3144.9346.6352.6147.8843.14
Cuba48.0044.87
Cyprus55.8753.9952.1150.2342.3842.9445.4748.0037.0842.8245.6848.2835.5546.0253.1453.58
Czech Republic32.3026.3625.1526.7838.7439.4738.5937.0538.7838.1138.9138.3039.4038.1238.3538.65
Denmark32.3035.5132.5031.8230.5633.5432.8433.3735.6736.1235.3635.2436.8737.4035.3635.94
Dominican Republic56.1051.6947.28
Ecuador57.1940.8441.3041.7542.2142.6637.83
Egypt49.6554.91
El Salvador45.7648.5147.8147.1043.5144.0840.8337.9839.0536.1235.9659.0036.73
Eritrea12.8410.207.134.0713.1010.9013.3115.7218.1320.5522.9625.3727.7830.2032.6135.02
Estonia37.1042.5145.3942.5644.5947.9047.9648.4843.2448.8644.7146.2245.3843.1644.6046.04
Ethiopia15.9912.9817.9622.9421.3122.4414.3215.6216.9218.2218.6219.03
Finland46.8045.2346.3746.6748.5448.8449.4047.0044.6044.4645.2145.9646.3044.7243.2342.5042.55
France46.9241.8341.2840.7341.0036.3435.8936.0635.7936.0235.8035.9436.0736.2037.8438.17
Gambia8.5115.0021.4927.9834.4740.9547.4453.9353.24
Georgia75.3272.3870.5467.4672.2470.3065.7961.2853.2051.9350.6749.4050.0150.6147.7353.49
Germany31.4431.4132.9133.8034.1834.5534.9335.3135.6836.0636.4436.8137.1937.5737.9438.32
Ghana22.4727.0930.32
Greece41.9142.5846.4750.3647.1046.9546.8046.7045.54
Guatemala70.7371.5972.4473.2974.1575.00
Guyana43.0733.5451.0047.3046.0038.9442.1142.1133.94
Honduras48.4447.8047.1646.5245.8845.2444.6143.9743.3342.6935.9235.09
Hong Kong34.1232.8031.0930.39
Hungary28.9331.6233.4034.7333.2137.6339.5027.9228.1328.3335.2838.0233.3337.5037.2336.95
Iceland37.1443.9841.4335.5540.9642.0438.9340.5935.6639.2438.5747.4142.9138.41
India48.21
Indonesia38.87
Iran59.5169.0667.0469.0668.6068.1369.0469.9667.3666.1668.66
Iraq50.77
Ireland51.8151.3450.3047.6346.5045.2842.9841.9742.0839.7041.2443.4841.0740.7840.48
Israel42.9142.5242.5342.5442.5542.5542.5642.5742.5842.5942.6042.6142.6242.6342.6442.65
Italy57.1855.0354.4953.6452.8552.2553.6453.7753.6253.8154.4954.2854.0853.8854.68
Japan23.5524.3024.6325.2425.2425.5525.6826.0426.1225.8325.6025.2225.6125.6725.5626.0025.23
Jordan46.0349.1950.5351.8855.2158.5461.8665.19
Kazakhstan61.5136.1065.66
Kenya29.6427.06
South Korea41.8047.3647.2745.3042.2347.0242.8742.6439.5737.1935.6838.0838.3438.6038.9639.0839.2039.32
Kuwait72.17
Kyrgyzstan50.8755.6260.3662.6964.0561.6956.9557.5649.5756.1550.9748.7855.0953.6161.29
Laos39.6037.0034.4137.9841.5545.1241.2545.6542.8540.0537.2439.1140.9836.6439.0635.88
Latvia56.6752.9756.8851.5046.8239.3239.8739.5338.8336.8238.6640.0435.2837.5138.7438.56
Lebanon42.9648.1847.4648.4249.3745.1749.2650.9952.3858.3762.0661.51
Lesotho25.5354.4656.60
Liberia80.5375.2770.0164.7459.4854.2248.9643.7038.4433.1827.9235.1242.33
Liechtenstein18.1816.6415.1113.5712.0310.498.967.425.88
Lithuania46.9741.9952.1447.4747.8443.8942.5340.3738.4039.4837.4936.5140.5239.8141.83
Luxembourg54.6451.4748.3045.1341.9637.4229.22
Macau21.1414.9015.5211.0516.6715.1818.5215.2416.7421.59
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)65.3267.9161.7971.0167.9166.0866.6066.6754.4048.3746.1239.1543.1943.0237.62
Madagascar37.1541.3238.4137.6533.8734.8833.9432.9932.05
Malaysia49.3353.0056.6859.8758.2156.2057.2258.8661.9654.5161.64
Malta31.7130.1229.7335.7130.0032.3830.9546.1231.3032.0932.9836.7628.84
Mauritania33.10
Mauritius47.01
Mexico46.2045.4445.7444.5443.6842.8143.6243.1142.9042.8348.0446.6446.83
Moldova48.90
Mongolia57.6559.8963.9453.0757.3456.6858.5951.6552.0451.3548.9948.2342.9044.7546.6043.32
Morocco34.1532.6031.0429.4927.9326.3724.8217.8044.3345.44
Mozambique25.8916.6120.0023.3826.7724.2724.6525.6530.6035.6131.68
Burma (Myanmar)67.2364.88
Namibia43.5945.0146.4343.6440.8641.7550.8760.00
Nepal28.36
Netherlands26.4227.5527.3927.7529.3324.1025.2420.2420.1520.0121.1222.6325.2225.76
New Zealand44.6846.0743.3241.6339.1337.5138.5237.9039.1640.0541.7938.4739.8340.3739.09
Niger7.69
Norway29.8330.7729.6832.2128.6226.2328.8130.8532.9034.7636.4636.1433.7536.1335.8833.09
Oman62.5763.7764.9766.5469.3972.2375.0763.85
Palau50.00
Panama60.6941.0356.3154.6052.5152.6051.7851.2848.8262.4650.5047.88
Philippines60.7760.0058.7057.4156.1154.8253.5252.2353.5650.5452.1452.16
Poland43.6045.8345.4247.0244.0045.3844.7746.1147.3147.70
Portugal45.7051.4057.1158.2050.7947.9346.8443.5441.6640.9154.2355.1156.1755.7256.93
Puerto Rico51.9152.3652.8353.2951.4159.95
Qatar94.9369.5065.0771.0570.9270.7970.6670.5474.5967.7662.8155.6747.2064.7159.52
Romania61.5965.4064.6064.5361.6858.8460.8158.7661.8859.7650.2155.8257.5860.7158.6959.41
Rwanda40.33
Samoa58.5958.2134.62
Saudi Arabia57.8851.5343.1542.7842.4241.7644.8446.2063.3268.6568.3968.4072.5772.2654.6157.1557.04
Serbia65.1448.8549.5444.5845.4642.2346.2445.41
Seychelles60.0050.1040.2030.30
Sierra Leone72.95
Slovakia30.2530.1834.0338.1341.1941.0641.3940.6740.4943.2841.9542.8342.5243.0545.58
Slovenia43.4539.5735.7037.0739.2939.9643.5738.9436.3938.5735.9940.2936.3339.92
South Africa49.0849.64
Spain44.0242.5240.8239.6837.6737.2435.9836.0435.9335.7835.3935.0236.2538.3936.8835.37
Sri Lanka49.7646.7747.5347.4448.74
Sudan56.2841.82
Swaziland52.1754.3548.9843.2443.4443.6451.8529.5529.8430.1430.4330.7331.0231.3231.62
Sweden42.4147.4946.4548.0146.3845.9344.1143.0042.9842.1243.3742.6439.9940.6038.97
Switzerland21.2122.2120.6420.8219.3321.8326.0025.0527.3127.6928.3330.1131.1731.5131.8432.19
Syria50.90
Trinidad and Tobago62.8660.2365.9062.0259.9657.91
Tunisia48.9563.8464.01
Turkey42.3543.9244.3642.9043.7945.0945.2546.3545.2243.7242.3642.3846.0748.1849.0749.96
Uganda33.4124.3124.9525.5826.2126.85
Ukraine46.8849.6145.85
United Arab Emirates55.2562.9460.1859.10
United Kingdom39.4641.4941.9441.5342.1937.4436.9136.6737.5137.3837.6036.8236.6736.8945.6946.09
United States43.3844.2043.6342.9441.4040.8540.4340.9341.0041.0241.1541.0140.4840.0640.2740.27
Uruguay46.9149.8048.4048.6745.41
Uzbekistan53.8954.2354.6257.6955.0559.36
Venezuela53.08
West Bank and Gaza51.8353.5755.4854.1652.8358.2555.1051.9548.7951.3653.1354.4055.7558.6358.4759.12
Zimbabwe41.3832.9531.8047.75

Female share of graduates in science is the number of female graduates expressed as a percentage of the total number of graduates in the science field from tertiary education.

Source: World Bank