Female government researchers, OECD

percent of all researchers, 1990–2015

Info Edit
Country19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Austria31.8832.5733.2533.9434.6335.4436.2437.7539.2639.3141.2043.0843.5243.9644.8545.74
Belgium29.8730.1431.1431.4230.3930.9132.2832.4833.5333.5035.8436.47
Czech Republic30.9531.6532.2332.8932.6535.1038.2438.3238.5639.3439.3237.9638.8939.0039.6238.1138.84
Denmark34.8034.5135.1333.8434.9335.5236.4438.2735.7035.9636.2333.6936.7543.8345.3548.41
Finland40.2241.9142.8443.1042.8542.4244.1942.9744.2044.3643.9144.19
France30.7534.1532.0532.0332.6932.9333.1433.8634.7235.0734.8635.1635.3935.7236.18
Germany27.0728.3528.5029.7730.4931.2732.4533.0333.4634.4034.9234.9435.43
Greece37.5538.0438.5338.6938.8539.8340.8142.0243.2444.4545.6746.8848.1048.9949.88
Hungary31.0831.5930.0331.7734.9538.2830.6033.6737.1333.5637.4235.6138.1739.9038.5738.1638.0738.7838.2340.0340.7441.1341.5141.6542.9642.89
Iceland37.2733.8330.3836.2342.0742.7743.4744.1144.7344.7346.8344.5642.2939.3036.3138.2040.08
Ireland31.5230.6330.9535.4537.3136.9938.8435.0933.2835.7336.2037.7938.42
Italy36.0637.6540.2338.4038.4838.6540.4339.8644.0543.7744.1943.7744.9346.0745.9146.5046.8946.97
Japan11.3011.4811.6712.2312.5413.2113.8414.1014.6515.5515.3515.8916.2316.8517.75
South Korea9.088.718.4110.5710.3310.8811.1011.5910.9613.5416.7416.0318.3820.1422.0823.0824.2025.0324.92
Luxembourg30.6831.6033.5328.4929.5630.6334.6536.6536.0735.4935.2335.0537.5339.09
Mexico29.8530.2330.6231.0131.4031.7932.1832.5732.9633.3433.03
Netherlands19.9422.3624.7829.1829.4729.2330.1529.2230.4230.0833.5640.5436.8237.42
New Zealand22.1222.5522.9923.9024.82
Norway31.8832.3132.7433.7134.6835.1235.5736.4937.4138.7240.0441.0141.9842.6643.9844.7745.3545.7746.46
Poland42.9342.3241.7141.1041.0840.3841.3641.6439.4441.1842.3640.1141.6042.2041.86
Portugal52.8853.9054.5355.2756.0556.9457.8757.1756.5557.7859.2860.6060.4360.8961.1060.8359.2858.65
Slovakia44.1245.2242.6542.7142.9444.2645.3944.6145.2945.4146.8447.2048.7349.48
Spain34.0035.7537.4938.8341.2442.3844.4845.4846.5646.5746.5248.0148.4848.1548.1448.4648.7348.5450.22
Sweden36.3936.7637.1438.7840.4239.6538.8844.4650.0342.2734.50
Switzerland17.7818.7319.6919.5819.4821.4223.3524.4425.5227.0528.5730.5832.5933.4734.3533.8133.2734.0334.8035.98
Turkey32.1532.0332.1330.9328.3527.5228.1028.6227.4329.3728.6229.6629.2429.0630.6230.1930.3130.4230.39
United Kingdom22.1722.7431.8031.7632.2232.8833.9232.3434.5835.0335.3434.3733.3535.6336.9335.74
Argentina41.5141.4043.8544.8546.4346.5847.2946.6447.2848.5649.5850.2351.1851.7752.3352.7453.1153.47
Chile29.8629.1340.1240.4039.4540.9741.7637.7341.89
Estonia46.2446.0749.3851.3750.5351.7059.1860.0059.8359.6659.4960.1960.0060.3461.4161.0760.4461.7159.2860.4361.23
Romania48.5950.6350.5248.9448.6149.2849.1749.1556.1049.8550.2150.9449.5049.9446.3147.1948.5848.73
Russia47.2247.3646.8846.0845.6045.5045.2645.6545.5745.8945.8045.3145.3945.5445.0745.2244.8945.0844.3644.2444.3643.99
Singapore32.9932.3033.5932.9231.6630.8932.4135.0034.4734.6336.4833.9335.79
Slovenia41.3142.6143.2544.9245.0943.2741.5241.0543.0743.4943.0744.2745.4745.5047.8948.0448.4150.12
South Africa36.8836.9737.0638.9339.4139.6040.5741.3741.5344.9646.3947.8747.03
Taiwan22.7923.8922.6421.9321.3518.6717.8519.9221.1322.0123.7824.4824.7526.0025.8126.3827.0927.83
Latvia49.2750.1450.5353.5554.7352.3855.9254.8455.4553.2255.2445.0944.9951.8653.3457.7860.7757.7855.1956.7557.97

Government researchers are professionals working for government institutions engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems and also in the management of the projects concerned. This indicator is measured in per 1000 people employed and in number of researchers; the data are available as a total and broken down by gender.

Source: OECD