De facto financial globalization

scale 1-100, 1970–2018

Info Edit

    De facto financial globalization is calculated by taking into account a country’s foreign direct investment (sum of stocks of assets and liabilities of foreign direct investments as a of GDP), portfolio investment (sum of stocks of assets and liabilities of international equity portfolio investments as a percent of GDP), international debt (sum of inward and outward stocks of international portfolio debt securities and international bank loans and deposits as a percent of GDP), international reserves (includes foreign exchange excluding gold, SDR holdings and reserve position in the IMF as a percent of GDP), and international income payments (sum of capital and labor income to foreign nationals and from abroad as a percent of GDP).

    Source: KOF Swiss Economic Institute