Country2006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018
Afghanistan9.009.009.009.5010.0010.0010.009.509.009.009.009.009.00
Albania2.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.503.003.003.003.003.00
Algeria7.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.006.506.00
Angola7.005.003.003.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Argentina4.003.503.003.003.003.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Armenia3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Azerbaijan4.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Bahrain5.005.005.005.005.005.506.007.008.007.507.007.508.00
Bangladesh6.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.507.007.508.007.507.00
Belarus2.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Benin3.003.003.003.003.003.003.002.502.002.002.002.002.00
Bhutan5.005.005.005.005.004.504.004.004.003.503.00
Bolivia6.006.006.006.507.006.506.006.006.005.505.005.005.00
Bosnia and Herzegovina6.005.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Botswana1.001.502.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.00
Brazil3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.004.005.00
Bulgaria2.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.504.004.004.004.004.00
Burkina Faso2.002.002.002.002.002.002.003.004.005.006.006.006.00
Burma (Myanmar)8.008.008.008.509.009.009.008.508.008.008.008.509.00
Burundi10.007.505.006.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.508.00
Cambodia5.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.505.005.005.005.005.00
Cameroon6.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.507.007.007.00
Central African Republic9.008.508.008.008.008.008.008.509.008.508.008.008.00
Chad7.007.508.008.008.007.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.00
Chile3.002.502.002.002.002.002.002.503.003.003.003.003.00
China4.004.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Colombia9.008.007.007.508.007.507.007.007.007.007.006.506.00
Congo (Brazzaville)3.005.007.007.007.006.506.006.507.007.508.00
Congo (Kinshasa)10.006.002.005.008.008.008.008.509.008.508.008.008.00
Costa Rica1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
Croatia2.002.503.003.003.003.003.002.502.002.002.002.002.00
Cuba3.003.003.003.003.003.003.002.502.002.002.002.002.00
Czech Republic1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
Dominican Republic3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Ecuador4.004.505.005.005.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Egypt4.004.004.004.004.004.505.006.007.007.007.007.007.00
El Salvador3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.504.004.004.00
Eritrea2.003.004.005.006.006.507.006.506.006.006.005.505.00
Estonia3.002.502.002.002.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Ethiopia7.007.007.007.007.007.508.008.008.008.008.008.008.00
Georgia6.006.006.007.008.007.006.006.006.005.505.005.005.00
Ghana4.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Guatemala5.005.506.006.006.006.006.006.507.006.506.006.006.00
Guinea3.004.506.006.507.006.506.006.507.007.007.006.506.00
Haiti6.006.507.007.007.007.007.007.007.006.506.006.006.00
Honduras3.003.003.003.003.004.005.004.504.004.505.005.005.00
Hungary2.002.002.002.002.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
India5.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.506.006.006.00
Indonesia7.007.007.006.506.006.006.005.505.005.005.005.506.00
Iran5.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.505.004.504.004.505.00
Iraq9.009.5010.009.509.008.508.008.509.009.5010.0010.0010.00
Ivory Coast10.008.507.006.506.007.008.007.507.006.005.005.005.00
Jamaica3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.504.004.004.00
Jordan4.004.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Kazakhstan1.002.003.003.003.002.502.002.503.003.003.003.504.00
Kenya7.006.005.006.007.006.506.005.505.006.007.007.007.00
Kosovo5.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Kuwait5.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.505.00
Kyrgyzstan5.005.005.004.504.005.006.006.006.006.006.005.505.00
Laos3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Latvia3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.504.004.004.004.004.00
Lebanon6.006.006.006.507.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.007.00
Lesotho4.004.004.004.505.006.007.007.007.00
Liberia8.006.505.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Libya2.002.002.002.002.002.002.004.507.008.5010.0010.0010.00
Lithuania1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.502.001.501.001.001.00
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)5.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.505.005.005.005.506.00
Madagascar3.003.003.004.506.006.006.006.006.005.505.005.005.00
Malawi2.003.505.005.005.005.005.004.504.004.004.004.004.00
Malaysia4.004.004.004.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Mali2.003.004.005.006.005.505.007.009.007.506.006.006.00
Mauritania5.005.506.006.006.006.006.005.505.005.005.00
Mauritius3.003.003.003.003.003.003.002.502.002.002.002.002.00
Mexico4.004.505.005.005.005.005.006.007.007.007.007.007.00
Moldova5.005.005.005.005.005.005.004.504.004.004.004.004.00
Mongolia1.001.502.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Montenegro2.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.503.00
Morocco4.004.004.004.004.003.503.003.504.004.004.004.004.00
Mozambique4.003.002.003.004.004.004.004.004.004.505.006.007.00
Namibia4.004.004.004.505.004.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Nepal9.008.508.007.507.007.007.006.506.006.006.006.006.00
Nicaragua4.003.503.003.504.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Niger5.004.003.004.506.005.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Nigeria8.008.008.008.008.008.008.008.008.008.509.009.009.00
North Korea2.002.503.003.504.004.004.003.503.003.003.003.003.00
Oman1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.502.00
Pakistan7.007.007.008.009.009.009.009.009.009.009.009.009.00
Panama4.003.503.002.502.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Papua New Guinea6.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.507.007.007.006.506.00
Paraguay3.003.003.003.504.004.004.004.505.004.504.004.004.00
Peru5.005.005.004.504.004.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Philippines6.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.006.00
Poland2.002.503.002.502.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.00
Qatar3.002.502.002.002.002.002.002.002.00
Romania3.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Russia2.003.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Rwanda9.008.007.007.007.007.007.006.506.006.006.006.006.00
Saudi Arabia4.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.004.00
Senegal3.004.005.005.506.006.006.005.505.004.504.004.004.00
Serbia5.004.504.004.004.003.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Sierra Leone4.004.505.005.005.005.005.004.504.004.004.004.004.00
Singapore2.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.503.003.003.00
Slovakia2.002.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Slovenia1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.502.002.002.002.002.00
Somalia7.008.5010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.009.509.009.009.00
South Africa5.005.005.005.506.005.505.005.005.005.005.004.504.00
South Korea2.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.002.503.00
South Sudan7.008.009.009.5010.00
Sri Lanka7.007.007.007.508.007.006.006.006.006.507.006.005.00
Sudan10.0010.0010.009.509.009.009.009.5010.009.509.009.009.00
Syria5.005.005.005.005.005.005.007.5010.0010.0010.0010.0010.00
Taiwan4.004.004.003.503.002.502.002.002.002.503.002.502.00
Tajikistan8.007.006.005.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Tanzania3.004.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.00
Thailand6.006.006.007.008.008.008.007.507.007.007.007.007.00
Togo4.004.505.004.504.003.503.004.005.005.005.004.504.00
Tunisia2.001.501.001.502.002.503.004.506.006.006.005.505.00
Turkey5.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.004.504.005.507.00
Turkmenistan3.003.504.004.004.003.503.003.003.003.003.003.003.00
Uganda5.006.007.005.504.004.505.005.506.006.006.006.006.00
Ukraine2.003.004.003.503.003.003.003.003.006.009.009.009.00
United Arab Emirates4.003.503.003.003.003.003.002.502.001.501.001.001.00
Uruguay1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00
Uzbekistan6.005.505.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.005.004.504.00
Venezuela3.003.504.004.505.005.005.005.005.005.506.006.006.00
Vietnam5.005.005.004.504.004.004.003.503.003.504.003.503.00
Yemen6.005.505.005.506.006.507.008.009.009.009.009.5010.00
Zambia1.002.003.003.003.003.003.003.504.004.004.004.004.00
Zimbabwe4.005.006.006.006.006.507.007.007.006.005.005.506.00

“How serious are social, ethnic and religious conflicts? 1 – There are no violent incidents based on social, ethnic or religious differences. 4 – There are only few violent incidents. Radical political actors have limited success in mobilizing along existing cleavages. Society and the political elite, however, are divided along social, ethnic or religious lines. 7 – There are violent incidents. Mobilized groups and protest movements dominate politics. Society and the political elite are deeply split into social classes, ethnic or religious communities. 10 – There is civil war or a widespread violent conflict based on social, ethnic or religious differences. “

Source: Transformation Index BTI