Business impact of HIV/AIDS

scale 1-7, 2007–2016

Info Edit
Country2007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Albania5.175.526.126.686.886.616.256.306.306.30
Algeria5.494.854.985.414.905.344.334.274.274.27
Angola3.303.103.073.032.52
Argentina5.495.345.375.235.245.535.605.735.735.73
Armenia5.335.706.095.545.345.675.846.146.146.14
Australia5.815.935.925.575.485.876.116.456.456.45
Austria6.466.446.536.486.506.456.586.706.706.70
Azerbaijan5.245.374.984.624.885.435.995.645.645.64
Bahrain5.975.745.445.735.865.825.865.875.875.87
Bangladesh5.005.205.055.185.465.585.965.955.955.95
Barbados3.463.783.914.204.384.164.144.464.464.46
Belgium6.046.086.336.266.186.026.126.476.476.47
Belize3.58
Benin3.683.834.254.224.264.173.853.853.853.85
Bhutan4.414.554.554.55
Bolivia4.944.874.594.923.922.983.133.203.203.20
Bosnia and Herzegovina5.806.096.536.656.546.726.876.876.876.87
Botswana2.532.642.792.902.892.953.033.203.203.20
Brazil5.305.225.325.325.255.195.455.715.715.71
Brunei5.295.185.175.185.165.81
Bulgaria5.275.395.325.234.985.465.916.036.036.03
Burkina Faso3.534.244.243.944.224.454.464.29
Burundi3.344.133.673.123.102.743.273.923.923.92
Cape Verde4.985.065.005.085.415.415.41
Cambodia3.954.064.103.944.314.714.564.444.444.44
Cameroon3.753.803.643.774.054.294.054.024.024.02
Canada5.635.906.156.165.895.816.146.326.326.32
Chad2.632.862.922.742.752.882.823.353.353.35
Chile5.685.776.096.055.775.555.786.026.026.02
China5.365.715.815.535.185.265.144.964.964.96
Colombia5.104.684.454.594.614.564.784.944.944.94
Costa Rica5.075.445.935.825.485.505.755.965.965.96
Ivory Coast3.223.313.553.754.254.874.514.514.51
Croatia6.076.496.516.396.636.596.636.796.796.79
Cyprus6.056.266.316.215.865.795.905.955.955.95
Czech Republic5.685.635.535.655.565.415.255.495.495.49
Denmark6.416.376.496.156.266.636.706.856.856.85
Dominican Republic4.083.924.414.564.954.994.654.814.814.81
Ecuador5.035.205.175.214.694.384.774.774.774.77
Egypt5.745.975.976.125.655.075.976.906.906.90
El Salvador4.534.244.785.224.754.905.004.274.274.27
Estonia5.135.015.475.535.455.675.946.056.056.05
Ethiopia2.943.042.723.453.683.713.874.164.164.16
Finland6.406.416.556.636.676.746.816.866.866.86
France5.535.825.965.665.605.655.835.995.995.99
Gabon3.663.674.114.114.11
Gambia4.404.714.904.884.884.754.915.265.265.26
Georgia5.755.795.735.285.075.175.536.056.056.05
Germany6.296.236.486.436.116.186.236.276.276.27
Ghana4.014.064.354.504.044.414.934.934.93
Greece6.136.036.176.266.276.156.116.066.066.06
Guatemala4.995.155.285.425.315.475.795.675.675.67
Guinea3.353.874.594.59
Guyana2.873.633.573.574.084.644.744.674.67
Haiti4.214.434.324.304.30
Honduras4.714.414.654.894.634.624.495.015.015.01
Hong Kong6.076.146.035.945.565.455.605.845.845.84
Hungary6.116.246.446.386.396.306.326.516.516.51
Iceland6.596.606.456.556.466.536.526.566.566.56
India4.404.494.674.684.414.594.813.743.743.74
Indonesia6.015.114.824.724.253.973.793.863.863.86
Iran5.345.305.465.525.295.295.29
Ireland5.946.106.206.306.336.306.366.516.516.51
Israel6.396.546.666.466.366.376.546.626.626.62
Italy6.076.006.135.965.795.895.986.276.276.27
Jamaica3.493.643.944.384.304.564.714.734.734.73
Japan5.585.735.855.855.825.525.816.156.156.15
Jordan6.156.326.466.075.716.216.555.655.655.65
Kazakhstan4.904.594.864.934.645.225.455.225.225.22
Kenya3.493.463.043.283.293.303.573.953.953.95
South Korea5.165.425.885.865.355.125.355.255.255.25
Kuwait6.076.246.315.905.725.796.136.396.396.39
Kyrgyzstan4.554.374.564.414.975.485.154.844.844.84
Laos3.874.214.214.21
Latvia5.505.655.785.405.485.615.656.026.026.02
Lebanon5.485.405.606.116.216.216.21
Lesotho1.932.112.482.522.302.792.974.384.384.38
Liberia5.184.524.524.524.52
Libya5.065.024.764.885.065.245.354.92
Lithuania5.935.665.765.996.056.086.196.246.246.24
Luxembourg5.955.946.096.146.276.286.286.476.476.47
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)4.815.125.515.815.485.435.755.895.895.89
Madagascar3.984.144.334.695.025.094.984.974.974.97
Malawi2.482.812.662.292.622.853.073.073.07
Malaysia5.315.334.974.775.024.915.035.125.125.12
Mali3.683.763.603.664.044.033.753.883.883.88
Malta5.825.935.755.855.745.555.876.146.146.14
Mauritania3.734.304.703.683.644.734.563.693.693.69
Mauritius5.265.375.235.145.105.075.315.635.635.63
Mexico5.365.305.205.165.235.375.585.695.695.69
Moldova5.225.425.705.745.905.905.90
Mongolia4.074.024.525.335.595.565.715.845.845.84
Montenegro6.376.245.946.236.135.885.625.885.885.88
Morocco5.144.824.564.544.315.106.065.755.755.75
Mozambique2.382.272.463.092.942.933.313.623.623.62
Burma (Myanmar)4.174.284.28
Namibia2.432.973.133.233.062.642.883.373.373.37
Nepal4.214.243.893.914.284.624.584.704.704.70
Netherlands5.996.116.246.006.166.316.426.606.606.60
New Zealand6.106.196.366.456.426.356.576.766.766.76
Nicaragua4.864.754.424.684.835.175.505.515.515.51
Nigeria3.835.024.563.713.814.334.344.524.524.52
Norway6.536.606.686.746.696.606.766.856.856.85
Oman4.995.635.935.455.255.255.225.695.695.69
Pakistan4.714.654.644.574.304.544.804.814.814.81
Panama4.965.285.455.124.534.374.354.704.704.70
Paraguay4.624.764.854.875.015.135.535.765.765.76
Peru5.195.015.005.355.375.015.265.355.355.35
Philippines5.135.405.235.025.065.085.024.894.894.89
Poland5.195.665.996.166.095.946.036.126.126.12
Portugal6.026.206.275.925.735.785.926.256.256.25
Puerto Rico5.154.895.045.285.175.085.636.08
Qatar6.106.026.404.752.994.866.306.506.506.50
Romania5.595.435.575.535.275.515.324.944.944.94
Russia5.776.046.025.415.345.525.615.765.765.76
Rwanda3.813.934.034.484.744.744.74
Saudi Arabia5.224.715.136.076.226.095.705.625.625.62
Senegal4.994.944.864.775.174.834.514.624.624.62
Serbia5.665.595.315.826.266.016.266.556.556.55
Seychelles3.624.234.104.10
Sierra Leone4.264.134.334.334.33
Singapore5.886.166.215.785.375.515.886.136.136.13
Slovakia6.206.296.556.666.196.086.496.576.576.57
Slovenia6.066.106.386.446.366.256.366.626.626.62
South Africa2.332.232.022.483.012.972.993.453.453.45
Spain5.955.815.846.186.176.096.376.546.546.54
Sri Lanka5.355.845.775.886.226.266.015.955.955.95
Suriname4.264.544.785.15
Swaziland1.611.852.101.862.142.14
Sweden6.416.526.646.646.676.526.556.486.486.48
Switzerland6.026.156.346.426.266.026.246.596.596.59
Syria6.306.536.396.055.72
Tajikistan4.504.914.854.554.444.514.734.954.954.95
Tanzania2.583.073.153.363.433.233.663.763.763.76
Thailand4.854.524.334.414.384.584.844.624.624.62
Timor Leste3.523.663.594.313.963.783.893.54
Trinidad and Tobago3.113.233.323.713.694.004.374.694.694.69
Tunisia6.396.156.266.355.835.815.805.675.675.67
Turkey6.105.916.236.185.976.316.526.086.086.08
Uganda2.722.782.652.672.783.153.143.133.133.13
Ukraine4.884.484.254.715.085.745.484.994.994.99
United Arab Emirates5.745.745.765.675.435.695.936.256.256.25
United Kingdom5.605.375.555.565.775.936.236.476.476.47
United States4.915.135.445.134.904.955.145.375.375.37
Uruguay5.645.966.146.146.096.086.156.256.256.25
Venezuela4.434.565.025.074.834.894.985.075.075.07
Vietnam5.265.134.935.024.734.434.454.494.494.49
Yemen5.495.805.535.335.335.33
Zambia2.702.512.742.662.552.833.193.863.863.86
Zimbabwe2.262.302.762.912.863.103.693.923.923.92

Poor health leads to significant costs to business, as sick workers are often absent or operate at lower levels of efficiency. In addition to health, this pillar takes into account the quantity and quality of the basic education received by the population. Basic education increases the efficiency of each worker. The impact of HIV/AIDS on competitiveness depends not only on the incidence but also on how costly it is for businesses. In order to estimate the impact, we combine its incidence rate with the survey question on its perceived cost to businesses. To combine these data we first take the ratio of each country’s disease incidence rate relative to the highest incidence rate in the whole sample. The inverse of this ratio is then multiplied by each country’s score on the related survey question. This product is then normalized to a 1 to 7 scale. Note that countries with zero reported incidence receive a 7, regardless of their scores on the related question.

Source: World Economic Forum