Availability of scientists and engineers

scale 1-7, 2007–2016

Info Edit
Country2007200820092010201120122013201420152016
Albania3.373.283.233.133.173.323.513.393.243.10
Algeria5.164.624.294.494.454.004.104.213.923.80
Angola2.902.382.432.482.49
Argentina4.193.953.893.973.983.853.893.813.503.68
Armenia4.453.993.723.663.794.004.043.974.114.24
Australia4.904.764.684.474.214.314.614.724.945.02
Austria5.135.044.744.754.864.714.454.274.474.70
Azerbaijan4.564.884.393.954.304.474.424.174.174.40
Bahrain3.693.704.504.504.274.164.074.234.334.38
Bangladesh4.264.224.073.993.943.843.783.813.803.92
Barbados4.404.264.194.044.224.304.254.134.094.05
Belgium5.345.125.105.235.224.954.624.474.614.77
Belize2.44
Benin4.434.034.014.244.294.544.304.013.733.54
Bhutan2.972.963.053.16
Bolivia3.002.983.003.223.493.523.763.653.222.95
Bosnia and Herzegovina3.443.563.103.354.074.404.673.883.093.22
Botswana3.333.363.533.503.383.493.283.233.363.50
Brazil4.424.414.244.053.763.483.413.313.253.44
Brunei3.273.333.403.423.633.853.833.823.81
Bulgaria4.363.723.863.973.753.613.713.593.743.92
Burkina Faso3.413.313.543.653.533.533.373.50
Burundi3.152.192.793.493.333.573.293.283.283.17
Cape Verde3.473.353.263.273.323.473.54
Cambodia2.823.033.253.193.353.503.443.173.053.15
Cameroon4.073.864.074.534.324.404.414.153.653.44
Canada5.665.535.525.565.445.365.215.065.185.37
Chad2.952.713.233.623.573.713.303.162.872.70
Chile4.944.694.924.934.694.724.744.634.604.75
China4.164.474.614.624.634.444.464.414.474.68
Colombia4.063.863.813.823.963.673.693.843.773.89
Congo (Kinshasa)3.54
Costa Rica4.764.554.744.794.644.754.834.764.664.73
Ivory Coast4.924.754.504.354.614.554.213.903.85
Croatia4.694.363.953.853.793.824.013.933.873.72
Cyprus4.915.005.024.674.404.324.464.944.914.23
Czech Republic5.765.444.894.404.464.474.234.244.023.75
Denmark5.615.315.105.064.884.724.604.574.564.53
Dominican Republic3.323.453.663.253.083.313.233.293.343.47
Ecuador3.363.052.792.923.413.624.053.703.343.38
Egypt5.004.544.344.884.494.164.374.434.304.30
El Salvador3.293.053.133.102.952.753.263.693.132.74
Estonia4.334.064.164.244.164.033.743.523.954.31
Ethiopia3.093.123.063.053.123.063.003.273.823.91
Finland6.045.936.016.026.056.206.306.256.066.05
France5.685.555.275.265.314.914.794.834.914.72
Gabon3.053.053.182.962.78
Gambia3.023.203.103.053.203.443.223.063.072.97
Georgia3.863.923.613.193.273.323.233.173.303.33
Germany5.444.924.634.824.474.534.924.924.985.03
Ghana3.583.563.703.663.804.023.593.633.86
Greece5.415.225.085.015.015.205.385.385.325.24
Guatemala3.743.853.873.913.873.783.743.553.674.01
Guinea3.963.442.902.90
Guyana2.882.692.792.913.193.564.064.143.77
Haiti2.802.923.042.882.61
Honduras3.473.503.333.353.413.403.203.553.793.69
Hong Kong4.904.203.964.134.454.564.614.484.354.35
Hungary4.744.514.534.434.504.374.274.244.183.79
Iceland5.295.265.395.665.445.034.674.574.795.04
India5.925.675.625.154.935.045.034.364.224.57
Indonesia5.054.854.734.704.434.324.484.624.564.52
Iran4.594.514.584.554.354.314.32
Ireland5.445.285.255.134.944.914.864.955.195.17
Israel5.925.485.125.125.325.215.255.205.215.30
Italy4.594.554.534.314.314.464.674.784.784.68
Jamaica3.973.603.163.133.273.593.573.473.553.62
Japan5.955.865.895.805.815.745.495.445.575.51
Jordan4.824.624.834.864.935.185.265.014.785.15
Kazakhstan3.773.934.013.683.433.553.643.883.984.05
Kenya4.574.594.314.044.114.114.344.374.154.42
South Korea5.525.124.884.944.894.874.614.424.404.43
Kuwait4.584.254.064.254.113.903.973.953.783.65
Kyrgyzstan3.333.273.282.772.872.982.802.943.213.26
Laos3.033.113.003.10
Latvia3.613.343.483.603.663.503.543.503.483.56
Lebanon4.604.644.544.614.654.774.96
Lesotho2.953.653.583.102.802.562.863.583.773.17
Liberia3.622.853.043.223.25
Libya4.544.584.183.523.473.423.343.25
Lithuania4.724.224.074.394.244.204.264.124.094.07
Luxembourg4.063.943.963.913.893.954.264.284.174.14
Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.)4.384.123.923.653.383.533.773.893.783.79
Madagascar4.404.244.214.364.414.404.354.454.133.71
Malawi3.563.463.874.043.603.623.543.333.55
Malaysia5.284.984.704.674.904.924.895.225.395.32
Mali4.204.093.883.593.864.114.234.313.843.55
Malta4.294.093.924.003.914.114.474.234.013.99
Mauritania3.733.133.163.553.483.482.932.852.852.30
Mauritius3.483.283.363.393.323.443.593.673.683.76
Mexico3.823.523.643.783.864.014.003.954.074.14
Moldova3.253.263.183.103.092.922.87
Mongolia4.554.023.994.013.974.144.064.004.104.27
Montenegro3.934.104.194.164.063.923.984.104.033.76
Morocco4.894.184.194.454.514.544.544.564.144.00
Mozambique3.082.993.063.243.092.842.843.013.123.13
Burma (Myanmar)3.133.023.16
Namibia2.692.642.792.882.832.802.923.023.393.54
Nepal3.693.453.103.013.083.233.393.463.483.54
Netherlands4.994.945.004.974.984.824.484.624.854.81
New Zealand4.424.044.254.104.064.284.334.444.594.73
Nicaragua3.353.123.113.102.983.213.553.142.792.79
Nigeria4.174.674.513.944.064.073.963.783.583.76
Norway5.255.165.105.114.744.494.464.515.025.20
Oman4.053.673.513.803.623.694.053.683.383.83
Pakistan4.043.863.893.923.894.194.394.334.314.00
Panama3.803.803.793.593.403.613.883.883.903.99
Paraguay2.742.652.762.622.713.022.812.592.562.65
Peru3.893.543.533.583.523.373.393.313.243.37
Philippines3.853.753.623.633.663.713.834.044.013.83
Poland4.254.134.284.214.084.204.214.174.174.25
Portugal4.934.534.484.564.504.675.015.244.884.61
Puerto Rico5.325.335.145.185.355.675.575.31
Qatar4.334.465.225.334.885.285.625.595.615.49
Romania4.614.304.304.314.213.833.644.034.134.08
Russia4.874.764.444.274.053.773.804.064.064.13
Rwanda3.443.663.823.923.993.973.98
Saudi Arabia4.474.594.474.634.874.754.624.354.464.66
Senegal4.304.634.554.214.244.574.424.123.953.77
Serbia4.604.503.983.683.873.903.883.883.813.72
Seychelles3.213.042.842.84
Sierra Leone2.642.983.002.962.96
Singapore5.285.035.185.315.265.125.044.945.065.25
Slovakia5.194.874.364.033.983.893.913.963.843.61
Slovenia3.853.914.144.003.783.823.803.904.074.08
South Africa3.623.373.093.273.403.363.483.543.403.40
Spain4.714.634.574.444.644.995.205.194.974.64
Sri Lanka4.724.864.494.414.594.624.744.875.024.67
Suriname3.503.493.263.01
Swaziland2.412.452.552.832.722.64
Sweden5.765.625.655.795.605.425.214.885.004.88
Switzerland5.645.235.295.275.115.054.904.774.845.08
Syria4.504.624.494.194.13
Tajikistan3.363.593.343.393.733.833.773.723.994.25
Tanzania4.003.533.483.373.433.553.483.573.643.66
Thailand4.734.424.344.514.334.264.354.264.264.14
Timor Leste2.282.612.702.452.302.562.652.56
Trinidad and Tobago4.364.424.484.134.204.284.444.444.284.21
Tunisia5.655.455.395.555.385.114.834.734.264.26
Turkey4.744.344.364.484.544.494.394.224.214.26
Uganda4.054.033.713.573.783.783.633.513.683.90
Ukraine4.304.434.374.334.314.754.454.334.674.68
United Arab Emirates4.074.054.745.024.955.055.105.255.255.41
United Kingdom5.044.784.714.785.115.154.804.794.934.89
United States5.605.555.605.675.535.425.355.325.425.53
Uruguay4.283.903.873.853.663.433.343.373.413.45
Venezuela4.163.563.453.413.293.263.273.263.253.18
Vietnam4.534.494.214.104.094.023.833.813.923.77
Yemen2.482.693.113.142.992.85
Zambia3.984.223.983.793.914.134.184.304.424.09
Zimbabwe3.433.183.012.933.203.363.463.563.473.24

This index represents the average score from 1-7 given by a large sample group in a particular country in response to the following question: “To what extent are scientists and engineers available?” (1 = not at all, 7 = widely available).

Source: World Economic Forum